Army of Northern Virginia

Thomas' Legion
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Army of Northern Virginia
Confederate Order of Battle
Battle of Antietam
 
Army of Northern Virginia

General Robert E. Lee, commanding

Longstreet's (Right) Wing
MGen James Longstreet


McLAWS' DIVISION
MGen Lafayette McLaws

Kershaw's Brigade
BGen Joseph B. Kershaw
2rd South Carolina, Col John D. Kennedy (w), Maj Franklin Gaillard
3rd South Carolina, Col. James D. Nance
7th South Carolina, Col David W. Aiken (w), Capt John S. Hard
8th South Carolina, LtCol Axalla J. Hoole

Cobb's Brigade
BGen Howell Cobb, LtCol Christopher Columbus Sanders
16th Georgia, LtCol Philip Thomas
24th Georgia, Maj Robert E. McMillan (w)
Cobb's (Georgia) Legion, LtCol Luther Glenn
15th North Carolina, LtCol William MacRae

Semmes' Brigade
BGen Paul J. Semmes
10th Georgia, Maj Willis C. Holt (w), Capt William Johnston (w),
Capt Philologus. H. Loud (w)
53rd Georgia, LtCol Thomas Sloan (mw), Capt S. W. Marshborne
15th Virginia, Capt Emmett M. Morrison (w), Capt Edward J. Willis
32nd Virginia, Col Edgar B. Montague

Barksdale's Brigade
BGen William Barksdale
13th Mississippi, LtCol Kennon McElroy (w, 9/15)
17th Mississippi, LtCol John C. Fiser
18th Mississippi, Maj James C. Campbell (w), LtCol William H. Luse
21st Mississippi, Capt John Sims, Col Benjamin G. Humphreys

Artillery
Maj Samuel P. Hamilton
Col Henry C. Cabell
Manly's (A, 1st North Carolina) Battery, Capt Basil C. Manly
Pulaski (Georgia) Artillery, Capt John P. W. Read
Richmond (Fayette) Artillery, Capt Miles C. Macon
Richmond Howitzers, (1st Company), Capt Edward S. McCarthy
Troup (Georgia) Artillery, Capt Henry H. Carlton


ANDERSON'S DIVISION
MGen Richard H. Anderson (w)
BGen Roger Pryor

Wilcox's Brigade
Gen Cadmus Wilcox, Col Alfred Cumming (w)
Maj Hilary A. Herbert, Capt James M. Crow
8th Alabama, Maj Hilary A. Herbert
9th Alabama, Maj Jeremiah Henry Johnston (w), Capt James M. Crow
10th Alabama, Capt G. C. Whatley (k)
11th Alabama, Maj J C. Sanders

Mahone's Brigade
Col William A. Parham
6th Virginia, Capt John R. Ludlow
12th Virginia, Capt John R. Lewellen (w, 9/14)
16th Virginia, Maj Francis D. Holliday (c, 9/14)
41st Virginia
61st Virginia

Featherston's Brigade
BGen Winfield S. Featherston
Col Carnot Posey
12th Mississippi, Col William H. Taylor
16th Mississippi, Capt Abram M. Feltus
19th Mississippi, Col Nathaniel H. Harris (w)
2nd Mississippi Battalion, Maj William S. Wilson (mw)

Armistead's Brigade
BGen Lewis A. Armistead (w)
Col James G. Hodges
9th Virginia, Capt William J. Richardson
14th Virginia, Col James G. Hodges
38th Virginia, Col Edward C. Edmonds
53d Virginia, Capt W. G. Pollard (k)
57th Virginia

Pryor's Brigade
BGen Roger A. Pryor
Col John C. Hately (w)
14th Alabama, Maj James A. Broome
2nd Florida, Col William D. Ballantine (w), Lt Geiger
5th Florida, Col John C. Hately (w), LtCol Thomas B. Lamar (w), Maj Benjamin F. Davis
8th Florida, LtCol George A. C. Coppens (k), Capt Richard A. Waller (k) Capt William Baya
3rd Virginia, Col Joseph Mayo, Jr. (w), LtCol Alexander Daniel Callcote

Wright's Brigade
BGen Ambrose R. Wright (w), Col Robert H. Jones (w),
Col William Gibson
44th Alabama, LtCol Charles A. Derby (k), Maj William F. Perry
3rd Georgia, Capt Reuben B. Nisbit (w), Capt John T. Jones
22nd Georgia, Col Robert H. Jones (w), Capt Lawrence D. Lallerstedt (w)
48th Georgia, Col William Gibson

Artillery
Maj John S. Saunders
Dixie (Virginia) Artillery, Capt William H. Chapman
Donaldsonville (Louisiana) Artillery, Capt Victor Maurin
Norfolk, (Virginia) Huger's Battery, Lt C. R. Phelps
Moorman's (Virginia) Battery, Capt Marcellus N. Moorman
Portsmouth (Virginia) Grimes' Battery, Capt Cary F. Grimes (k)

JONES' DIVISION
BGen David R. Jones

Toombs' Brigade
BGen Robert A. Toombs
Col Henry L. Benning
2nd Georgia, LtCol William R. Holmes (k), Maj Skidmore Harris (w),
Capt Abner M. Lewis
15th Georgia, Col W. T. Millican (mw), Capt Thomas H. Jackson
17th Georgia, Capt J. A. McGregor
20th Georgia, Col John B. Cumming

Drayton's Brigade
BGen Thomas F. Drayton
50th Georgia, LtCol Francis Kearse
51st Georgia
15th South Carolina, Col William D. DeSaussure

Pickett's Brigade
Col Eppa Hunton
BGen Richard B. Garnett
8th Virginia, Col Eppa Hunton
18th Virginia, Maj George C. Cabell
19th Virginia, Col John B. Strange (k, 9/14), Capt J. L. Cochran,
Lt William N. Wood
28th Virginia, Capt W. L. Wingfield
56th Virginia, Col William D. Stuart, Captain John B. McPhail, Jr. (w, 9/14)

Kemper's Brigade
BGen James L. Kemper
1st Virginia, Capt George F. Newton, Maj William H. Palmer
7th Virginia, Maj Arthur Herbert
11th Virginia, Maj Adam Clement (w, 9/14)
17th Virginia, Col Montgomery D. Corse (w)
24th Virginia, Col William R. Terry

Jenkins' Brigade
Col Joseph Walker
1st South Carolina (Volunteers), LtCol Daniel Livingston (w)
2nd South Carolina Rifles, Col Robert A. Thompson
5th South Carolina, Capt Thomas C. Beckham
6th South Carolina, Capt E. B. Cantey (w)
4th South Carolina Battalion (5 companies), Lt W. T. Field
Palmetto (South Carolina) Sharpshooters, Capt A. H. Foster (w), Capt F. W. Kirkpatrick

Anderson's Brigade
Col George T. Anderson
1st Georgia (Regulars), Col William J. Magill (w), Capt Richard A. Wayne
7th Georgia, Col George H. Carmical
8th Georgia, Col John R. Towers
9th Georgia, LtCol John C. L. Mounger (w)
11th Georgia, Maj Francis H. Little

Artillery
Fauquier (Virginia) Artillery (Stribling's battery) (left at Leesburg, VA)
Loudoun (Virginia) Artillery (Rogers' battery) (left at Leesburg, VA)
Turner (Virginia) Artillery (Leake's battery) (left at Leesburg, VA)
Wise (Virginia) Artillery, Capt James S. Brown

WALKER'S DIVISION
Gen John G. Walker

Walker's Brigade
Col Van H. Manning (w),
Col Edward D. Hall
3rd Arkansas, Capt John W. Reedy
27th North Carolina, Col John R. Cooke
46th North Carolina, Col Edward D. Hall, LtCol William A. Jenkins
48th North Carolina, Col Robert C. Hill
30th Virginia, LtCol Robert S. Chew (w)
Stafford (Virginia) Battery, Capt Thomas B. French

Ransom's Brigade
BGen Robert Ransom, Jr.
24th North Carolina, LtCol John L. Harris
25th North Carolina, Col Henry M. Rutledge
35th North Carolina, Col Matt W. Ransom
49th North Carolina, LtCol Leroy M. McAfee
Branch's (Virginia) Artillery, Capt James R. Branch


HOOD'S DIVISION
BGen John B. Hood

Hood's Brigade
Col William T. Wofford
18th Georgia, LtCol Solon Z. Ruff
Hampton (South Carolina) Legion, LtCol Martin W. Gary
1st Texas, LtCol Philip A. Work
4th Texas, LtCol Benjamin F. Carter
5th Texas, Capt Ike N.M. Turner

Law's Brigade
Col Evander M. Law
4th Alabama, LtCol Owen K. McLemore (mw 9/14), Capt Lawrence H. Scruggs (w),
Capt William M. Robbins
2nd Mississippi, Col John M. Stone (w), Lt Moody
11th Mississippi, Col Philip F. Liddell (mw 9/16), LtCol Samuel F. Butler (mw),
Maj Taliaferro S. Evans (k)
6th North Carolina, Maj Robert F. Webb (w)

Artillery
Maj Bushrod W. Frobel
German (South Carolina) Artillery, Capt William K. Bachman
Palmetto (South Carolina) Artillery, Capt Hugh R. Garden
Rowan (North Carolina) Artillery, Capt James Reilly

Evans' Brigade
BGen Nathan G. Evans
Col Peter F. Stevens (w)
17th South Carolina, Col Fitz W. McMaster
18th South Carolina, Col William H. Wallace
22rd South Carolina, LtCol Thomas C. Watkins (mw 9/14), Maj Miel Hilton
23rd South Carolina, Capt S. A. Durham (w, 9/14), Lt E. R. White
Holcombe (South Carolina) Legion, Col Peter F. Stevens (w)
Macbeth (South Carolina) Artillery, Capt Robert Boyce

Artillery
Washington (Louisiana) Artillery Col James B. Walton
1st Company, Capt Charles W. Squires
2rd Company, Capt John B. Richardson
3rd Company, Capt Merritt B. Miller
4th Company, Capt Benjamin F. Eshleman

Lee's Battalion Col S. D. Lee
Ashland (Virginia) Artillery, Capt Pichegru Woolfolk, Jr.
Bedford (Virginia) Artillery, Capt Tyler C. Jordan
Brooks (South Carolina) Artillery, Lt William Elliott
Eubank's (Virginia) Battery, Capt John L. Eubank
Madison (Louisiana) Light Artillery, Capt George V. Moody
Parker's (Virginia) Battery, Capt William W. Parker

Jackson's (Left) Wing
MGen Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson


Escort: Company H, 4th Virginia Cavalry, Capt Robert Randolph
White's Virginia Cavalry (3 companies), Capt Elijah V. White

EWELL'S DIVISION
BGen Alexander R. Lawton (w)
BGen Jubal A. Early

Lawton's Brigade
Col Marcellus. Douglass (k),
Maj J. H. Lowe, Col John H. Lamar
13th Georgia, Capt D. A. Kidd
26th Georgia
31st Georgia, LtCol John T. Crowder (w), Maj John H. Lowe
38th Georgia, Capt W. H. Battey, (k), Capt Peter Brennan
60th Georgia, Maj Waters B. Jones
61st Georgia, Col John H. Lamar, Maj Archibald P. McRae (k)

Early's Brigade
BGen Jubal A. Early
Col William Smith (w)
13th Virginia, Capt F. V. Winston
25th Virginia, Capt R. D. Lilley
31st Virginia
44th Virginia, Capt David W. Anderson (w)
49th Virginia, Col William Smith (w), LtCol Jonathan C. Gibson (w)
52d Virginia, Col Michael G. Harman
58th Virginia

Trimble's Brigade
Col James A. Walker (w)
15th Alabama, Capt Isaac B. Feagin
12th Georgia, Capt James G. Rogers (k), Capt John T. Carson
21st Georgia, Maj Thomas C. Glover (w), Capt James C. Nisbit
21st North Carolina, Capt F. P. Miller (k)
1st North Carolina Battalion
Johnson's (Virginia) Battery, Capt John R. Johnson

Hays' Brigade
BGen Harry T. Hays
5th Louisiana, Col Henry Forno
6th Louisiana, Col Henry B. Strong (k)
7th Louisiana
8th Louisiana, LtCol Trevanion D. Lewis (w)
14th Louisiana
Louisiana Guard Artillery, Capt Louis E. D'Aquin

Artillery
Maj Alfred R. Courtney
Charlottesville (Virginia) Artillery, Capt James M. Carrington
Chesapeake (Maryland) Artillery, Capt William D. Brown
Courtney (Virginia) Artillery, Capt Joseph W. Latimer
1st Maryland Battery (Dement's battery), Capt William F. Dement
Staunton (Virginia) Artillery (Balthis Battery), Lt Asher W. Garber


JACKSON'S DIVISION
BGen John R. Jones (w)
BGen William E. Starke (k)
Col Andrew J. Grigsby

Winder's Brigade
Col Andrew J. Grigsby,
LtCol Robert D. Gardner (w), Maj Hazael J. Williams
2nd Virginia, Capt R. T. Colston (detached at Martinburg, WV)
4th Virginia, LtCol Robert D. Gardner
5th Virginia, Maj Hazael J. Williams, Capt E. L. Curtis (w)
27th Virginia, Capt Frank C. Wilson
33rd Virginia, Capt Jacob Golladay (w), Lt David Walton

Taliaferro's Brigade
Col Edward T. H. Warren,
Col James W. Jackson (w), Col James L. Sheffield
47th Alabama, Col James W. Jackson, Maj James M. Campbell
48th Alabama, Col James L. Sheffield
10th Virginia
23rd Virginia
37th Virginia, LtCol John F. Terry (w)

Jones' Brigade
Capt J. E. Penn (w),
Capt A. C. Page (w), Capt Robert W. Withers
21st Virginia, Capt A. C. Page
42nd Virginia, Capt Robert W. Withers, Capt D. W. Garrett
48th Virginia, Capt John H. Candler
1st Virginia Battalion, Lt C. A. Davidson

Starke's Brigade
BGen William E. Starke (k), Col Jesse M. Williams (w),
Col Leroy A. Stafford (w), Col Edmund Pendleton
1st Louisiana, LtCol Michael Nolan (w), Capt W. E. Moore
2d Louisiana, Col Jesse M. Williams (w)
9th Louisiana, Col Leroy A. Stafford (w), LtCol William R. Peck
10th Louisiana, Capt Henry D. Monier
15th Louisiana, Col Edmund Pendleton
Coppens' (First Louisiana Zouaves) Battalion, Col G. Coppens

Artillery
Maj Lindsay M. Shumaker
Alleghany (Virginia) Battery, Capt Joseph Carpenter
Baltimore, (Maryland) Battery, Capt John B. Brockenbrough
Danville, (Virginia) Battery, Capt George Wooding
Hampden, (Virginia) Battery, Capt William H. Caskie
Lee Battery, (Virginia), Capt Charles I. Raine
Rockbridge, (Virginia) Battery, Capt William T. Poague

HILL'S LIGHT DIVISION
MGen Ambrose P. Hill

Branch's Brigade
BGen Lawrence O. Branch (k), Col James H. Lane
7th North Carolina, Col Edward G. Haywood
18th North Carolina, LtCol Thomas J. Purdie
28th North Carolina, Col James H. Lane, Maj William J. Montgomery
33rd North Carolina, LtCol Robert F. Hoke
37th North Carolina, Capt William G. Morris

Gregg's Brigade
BGen Maxcy Gregg (w)
1st South Carolina (Provisional Army), Col Daniel H. Hamilton, Sr.
1st South Carolina Rifles, LtCol James M. Perrin (w)
12th South Carolina, Col Dixon Barnes (mw), Maj William H. McCorkle
13th South Carolina, Col Oliver E. Edwards
14th South Carolina, LtCol William D. Simpson

Field's Brigade

Col John M. Brockenbrough
40th Virginia, LtCol Fleet W. Cox
47th Virginia, LtCol John W. Lyell
55th Virginia, Maj Charles N. Lawson
22nd Virginia Battalion, Maj Edward P. Taylor

Archer's Brigade
BGen James J. Archer,
Col Peter Turney
5th Alabama Battalion, Capt Charles M. Hooper
19th Georgia, Maj James H. Neal, Capt Tilghman W. Flynt (w),
Capt F. M. Johnston
1st Tennessee (Provisional Army), Col Peter Turney
7th Tennessee, Maj Samuel G. Shepard, Lt G. A. Howard
14th Tennessee, Col William McComb (w), LtCol James W. Lockert

Pender's Brigade
BGen William D. Pender
16th North Carolina, LtCol William A. Stowe
22nd North Carolina, Maj Christopher C. Cole
34th North Carolina, LtCol John McDowell
38th North Carolina

Thomas' Brigade

Col Edward L. Thomas
14th Georgia, Col Robert W. Folsom
35th Georgia
45th Georgia, Maj Washington L. Grace
49th Georgia, LtCol Seaborn M. Manning

Artillery
LtCol Reuben L. Walker
Branch (North Carolina) Artillery (A. C. Latham's Battery) (left in Leesburg, VA)
Crenshaw's (Virginia) Battery, Capt William G. Crenshaw
Fredericksburg (Virginia) Artillery (Braxton's battery), Capt Carter M. Braxton
Letcher (Virginia) Artillery (Davidson's battery), Capt Greenlee Davidson
Middlesex (Virginia) Artillery (Fleet's battery) (left in Leesburg, VA)
Pee Dee (South Carolina) Artillery (McIntosh's battery), Capt David M. McIntosh
Purcell (Virginia) Artillery (Pegram's battery), Capt William J. Pegram


HILL'S DIVISION
MGen Daniel Harvey Hill

Ripley's Brigade
BGen Roswell S. Ripley (w)
Col George P. Doles
4th Georgia, Col George P. Doles, Maj Robert S. Smith (k),
Capt William H. Willis
44th Georgia, Capt John C. Key
1st North Carolina, LtCol Hamilton A. Brown
3rd North Carolina, Col William L. De Rosset (w), Maj Stephen D. Thruston (w)

Rodes' Brigade
BGen Robert E. Rodes (w)
3d Alabama, Col Cullen A. Battle
5th Alabama, Maj Edwin L. Hobson
6th Alabama, Col John B. Gordon (w), LtCol James.N. Lightfoot (w)
12th Alabama, Col Bristor B. Gayle (k, 9/14), LtCol Samuel B. Pickens (w, 9/14),
Capt Tucker (k), Capt Maroney (w), Capt Adolph Proskauer (w)
26th Alabama, Col Edward A. O'Neal (w)

Garland's Brigade
BGen Samuel Garland, Jr. (k, 9/14)
Col D. K. McRae (w)
5th North Carolina, Col D. K. McRae (w), Capt Thomas M. Garrett
12th North Carolina, Capt S. Snow
13th North Carolina, LtCol Thomas Ruffin, Jr. (w), Capt J. H. Hyman
20th North Carolina, Col Alfred Iverson
23rd North Carolina, Col Daniel H. Christie

Anderson's Brigade
BGen George B. Anderson (mw)
Col R. T. Bennett (w)
2nd North Carolina, Col C. C. Tew (k), Capt G. M. Roberts
4th North Carolina, Col Bryan Grimes, Capt W. T. Marsh (k),
Capt D. P. Latham (k)
14th North Carolina, Col R. T. Bennett
30th North Carolina, Col F. M. Parker (w), Maj W. W. Sillers

Colquitt's Brigade
Col Alfred H. Colquitt
13th Alabama, Col Birkett D. Fry (w), LtCol W. H. Betts (w)
6th Georgia, LtCol James M. Newton (k), Maj Philemon Tracy (mw),
Lt E. P. Bennett
23rd Georgia, Col W. P. Barclay (k), LtCol Emory F. Best (w),
Maj James H. Huggins (w)
27th Georgia, Col Levi B. Smith (k), LtCol Charles Thorton Zachry (w),
Capt William H. Rentfro
28th Georgia, Maj Tully Graybill (w), Capt N.J. Garrison (w),
Capt George W. Warthen

Artillery
Major Scipio Pierson
Hardaway's (Alabama) Battery, Capt Robert A. Hardaway
Jefferson Davis (Alabama) Artillery, Capt James W. Bondurant
Jones' (Virginia) Battery, Capt William B. Jones
King William (Virginia) Artillery, Capt Thomas H. Carter

Cavalry
MGen James E. B. Stuart


Hampton's Brigade
BGen Wade Hampton
1st North Carolina, Col Lawrence S. Baker
2d South Carolina, Col Matthew C. Butler
10th Virginia Cobb's (Georgia) Legion, LtCol Pierce M. B. Young (w), Maj William G. Delony
Jeff. Davis (Mississippi) Legion, LtCol William T. Martin

Lee's Brigade
BGen Fitzhugh Lee
1st Virginia, LtCol Luke Tiernan Brien
3d Virginia, LtCol John T. Thornton (mw), Capt Thomas Owens
4th Virginia, Col Williams C. Wickham
5th Virginia, Col Thomas L. Rosser
9th Virginia

Robertson's Brigade
Col Thomas T. Munford
2nd Virginia, LtCol Richard H. Burks
6th Virginia 7th Virginia, Capt Samuel B. Myers
l2th Virginia, Col Asher W. Harman
17th Virginia Battalion

Horse Artillery
Capt John Pelham
Chew's (Virginia) Battery, Capt Roger P. Chew
Hart's (South Carolina) Battery, Capt James F. Hart
Pelham's (Virginia) Battery, Capt John Pelham

Artillery Reserve
BGen William N. Pendleton

Brown's Battalion
Col J. Thompson Brown
Powhatan (Virginia) Artillery, Capt Willis J. Dance
Richmond (Virginia) Howitzers, 2nd company, Capt David Watson
Richmond (Virginia) Howitzers, 3rd company, Capt Benjamin H. Smith, Jr.
Salem (Virginia) Artillery, Capt Abraham Hupp
Williamsburg (Virginia) Artillery, Capt John A. Coke

Cutts' Battalion
LtCol Allen S. Cutts Blackshears' (Georgia) Battery, Capt James A. Blackshear
Irwin (Georgia) Artillery, Capt John Lane
Lloyd's (North Carolina) Battery, Capt Whitmel P. Lloyd
Patterson's (Georgia) Battery, Capt George M. Patterson
Ross' (Georgia) Battery, Capt Hugh M. Ross

Jones' Battalion
Maj Hillary P. Jones
Morris (Virginia) Artillery, Richard C. M. Page's Battery
Orange (Virginia) Artillery, Capt Jefferson Peyton
Turner's (Virginia) Battery, Capt William H. Turner
Long Island (Virginia) Battery, Capt Abram Wimbish

Nelson's Battalion
Maj William Nelson
Amherst (Virginia) Artillery, Capt Thomas J. Kirkpatrick's
Fluvanna (Virginia) Artillery, Capt John J. Ancell
Huckstep's (Virginia) Battery, Capt Charles T. Huckstep
Johnson's (Virginia) Battery, Capt Marmaduke Johnson
Milledge (Georgia) Artillery, Capt John Milledge

Miscellaneous Batteries
Cutshaw's (Virginia) Battery
Magruder (Virginia) Artillery (T. J Page, Jr.'s Battery)
Rice's (Virginia) Battery, Capt W. H. Rice
Thomas (Virginia) Artillery (E. J. Anderson's Battery) (left in Leesburg)

Abbreviations:

Lt = Lieutenant
Capt = Captain
Maj = Major
LtCol = Lieutenant Colonel
Col = Colonel
BGen = Brigadier General
MGen = Major General

(w) = wounded
(mw) = mortally wounded
(k) = killed
(c) = captured
Unless otherwise noted, casualties occurred on September 17th.

Source: Antietam National Battlefield Park

Recommended Reading: Landscape Turned Red: The Battle of Antietam, by Stephen W. Sears. Description: The Civil War battle waged on September 17, 1862, at Antietam Creek, Maryland, was one of the bloodiest in the nation's history: in this single day, the war claimed nearly 23,000 casualties. In Landscape Turned Red, the renowned historian Stephen Sears draws on a remarkable cache of diaries, dispatches, and letters to recreate the vivid drama of Antietam as experienced not only by its leaders but also by its soldiers, both Union and Confederate. Combining brilliant military analysis with narrative history of enormous power, Landscape Turned Red is the definitive work on this climactic and bitter struggle.

About the Author: STEPHEN W. SEARS is the author of many award-winning books on the Civil War, including Gettysburg and Landscape Turned Red. The New York Times Book Review has called him "arguably the preeminent living historian of the war's eastern theater." He is a former editor for American Heritage.

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Highly Recommended Reading (Editor's Pick): The Maryland Campaign of September 1862: Ezra A. Carman's Definitive Study of the Union and Confederate Armies at Antietam (Hardcover). Description: Completed in the early 1900s, The Maryland Campaign of September 1862 is still the essential source for anyone seeking understanding of the bloodiest day in all of American history. As the U.S. War Department’s official expert on the Battle of Antietam, Ezra Carman corresponded with and interviewed hundreds of other veterans from both sides of the conflict to produce a comprehensive history of the campaign that dashed the Confederacy’s best hope for independence and ushered in the Emancipation Proclamation. Nearly a century after its completion, Carman's manuscript has finally made its way into print, in an edition painstakingly edited, annotated, and indexed by Joseph Pierro. The Maryland Campaign of September 1862 is a crucial document for anyone interested in delving below the surface of the military campaign that forever altered the course of American history. Continued below...

Editorial Reviews:

Ted Alexander, Chief Historian, Antietam National Battlefield

"The Ezra Carman manuscript is the definitive study of that bloody September day in 1862. By editing it Joseph Pierro has done a tremendous service to the field of Civil War studies. Indeed, this work is one of the most important Civil War publications to come out in decades."

 

James M. McPherson, author of Crossroads of Freedom: Antietam

"Many accounts of Civil War battles were written in the decades after the war by soldiers who had participated in them. None rivals in accuracy and thoroughness Ezra Carmen's study of the battles of South Mountain and Antietam, in which he fought as colonel of the 13th New Jersey. Students of the 1862 Maryland campaign have long relied on this manuscript as a vital source; Joseph Pierro's scrupulous editorial work has now made this detailed narrative accessible to everyone. A splendid achievement."

 

Jeffry D. Wert, author of The Sword Of Lincoln: The Army of the Potomac

"At last, after a century, Ezra A. Carman's The Maryland Campaign of September 1862 has received the attention it deserves. A Union veteran, Carman authored a remarkable primary study of the critical operations that ended along Antietam Creek. Editor Joseph Pierro has given students of the Civil War and American history a most welcome and long overdue book."

 

Edwin C. Bearss, author of Fields of Honor: Pivotal Battles of the Civil War

"My introduction to the Ezra A. Carman Papers at the Library of Congress and National Archives came in the spring of 1961. I was astounded and amazed by their depth and scope. The correspondence, troop movement maps, etc, along with Carman's unpublished manuscript on the Antietam Campaign constitutes then as now an invaluable legacy to the American people by Carman and the veterans of Antietam. But for too long that resource has only been available to the general public as microfilm or by traveling to Washington. Now thanks to the publishers and skilled, knowledgeable, sympathetic, but light-handed editor Joseph Pierro, an annotated copy of Carman's masterpiece The Maryland Campaign of September 1862 will be available to the public."

 

William C. Davis, author of Look Away! A History of the Confederate States of America

"Joseph Pierro brings into the open one of the great and largely unknown masterworks of Civil War history. Ezra Carman's work on Antietam is a fountainhead for study of that pivotal battle, written by a man who was in the fight and who spent most of his life studying and marking the battlefield. No student can afford to ignore this stunningly thorough and brilliantly edited classic."

 

Recommended Reading: Crossroads of Freedom: Antietam (Pivotal Moments in American History) (Hardcover). Description: The bloodiest day in United States history was September 17, 1862, when, during the Civil War battle at Antietam, approximately 6,500 soldiers were killed or mortally wounded, while more than 15,000 were seriously wounded. James M. McPherson states in Crossroads of Freedom the concise chronicle of America’s bloodiest day and that it may well have been the pivotal moment of the war, as well as the young republic itself. Continued below...

The South, after a series of setbacks in the spring of 1862, had reversed the war's momentum during the summer, and was on the "brink of military victory" and about to achieve diplomatic recognition by European nations, most notably England and France. Though the bulk of his book concerns itself with the details--and incredible carnage--of the battle, McPherson raises it above typical military histories by placing it in its socio-political context: The victory prodded Abraham Lincoln to announce his "preliminary" Emancipation Proclamation, freeing slaves. England and France deferred their economic alliance with the battered secessionists. Most importantly, it kept Lincoln's party, the Republicans, in control of Congress. McPherson's account is accessible, elegant, and economical. Also available in paperback: Crossroads of Freedom: Antietam (Pivotal Moments in American History)

 

Recommended Reading: Fields of Honor: Pivotal Battles of the Civil War, by Edwin C. Bearss (Author), James McPherson (Introduction). Description: Bearss, a former chief historian of the National Parks Service and internationally recognized American Civil War historian, chronicles 14 crucial battles, including Fort Sumter, Shiloh, Antietam, Gettysburg, Vicksburg, Chattanooga, Sherman's march through the Carolinas, and Appomattox--the battles ranging between 1861 and 1865; included is an introductory chapter describing John Brown's raid in October 1859. Bearss describes the terrain, tactics, strategies, personalities, the soldiers and the commanders. (He personalizes the generals and politicians, sergeants and privates.) Continued below...

The text is augmented by 80 black-and-white photographs and 19 maps. It is like touring the battlefields without leaving home. A must for every one of America's countless Civil War buffs, this major work will stand as an important reference and enduring legacy of a great historian for generations to come. Also available in hardcover: Fields of Honor: Pivotal Battles of the Civil War.
 

Recommended Reading: The Antietam Campaign (Military Campaigns of the Civil War). Description: The Maryland campaign of September 1862 ranks among the most important military operations of the American Civil War. Crucial political, diplomatic, and military issues were at stake as Robert E. Lee and George B. McClellan maneuvered and fought in the western part of the state. The climactic clash came on September 17 at the battle of Antietam, where more than 23,000 men fell in the single bloodiest day of the war. Continued below...

Approaching topics related to Lee's and McClellan's operations from a variety of perspectives, numerous contributors to this volume explore questions regarding military leadership, strategy, and tactics, the impact of the fighting on officers and soldiers in both armies, and the ways in which participants and people behind the lines interpreted and remembered the campaign. They also discuss the performance of untried military units and offer a look at how the United States Army used the Antietam battlefield as an outdoor classroom for its officers in the early twentieth century. Also available in paperback: The Antietam Campaign (Military Campaigns of the Civil War)

 
Recommended Viewing: The Civil War - A Film by Ken Burns. Review: The Civil War - A Film by Ken Burns is the most successful public-television miniseries in American history. The 11-hour Civil War didn't just captivate a nation, reteaching to us our history in narrative terms; it actually also invented a new film language taken from its creator. When people describe documentaries using the "Ken Burns approach," its style is understood: voice-over narrators reading letters and documents dramatically and stating the writer's name at their conclusion, fresh live footage of places juxtaposed with still images (photographs, paintings, maps, prints), anecdotal interviews, and romantic musical scores taken from the era he depicts. Continued below...
The Civil War uses all of these devices to evoke atmosphere and resurrect an event that many knew only from stale history books. While Burns is a historian, a researcher, and a documentarian, he's above all a gifted storyteller, and it's his narrative powers that give this chronicle its beauty, overwhelming emotion, and devastating horror. Using the words of old letters, eloquently read by a variety of celebrities, the stories of historians like Shelby Foote and rare, stained photos, Burns allows us not only to relearn and finally understand our history, but also to feel and experience it. "Hailed as a film masterpiece and landmark in historical storytelling." "[S]hould be a requirement for every student."

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