Battle of Stones River Confederate Army

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Confederate Army Order of Battle at Battle of Stones River

Organization of the Army of Tennessee,
The Stone's River or Murfreesborough, Tenn., Campaign.
DECEMBER 26, 1862-JANUARY 5, 1863

General Braxton Bragg, CS, Commanding

POLK'S CORPS.
Lieut. Gen. LEONIDAS POLK.

FIRST DIVISION.
Maj. Gen. B. F. CHEATHAM.

First Brigade.
Brig. Gen. DANIEL S. DONELSON.

8th Tennessee:
    Col. W. L. Moore.
    Lieut. Col. J. H. Anderson.
16th Tennessee,
    Col. John H. Savage.
38th Tennessee,
    Col. John C. Carter.
51st Tennessee,
    Col. John Chester.
84th Tennessee,
    Col. S.S. Stanton.
Carnes' (Tennessee) battery,
    Capt. William W. Carnes.

Second Brigade.
Brig. Gen. ALEXANDER P. STEWART.

4th Tennessee,
    Col. O. F. Strahl.
5th Tennessee,
19th Tennessee,
    Col. F. M. Walker.
24th Tennessee:
    Col. H. L. W. Bratton.
    Maj. S. E. Shannon.
31st Tennessee,
    Col. E. E. Tansil.
33d Tennessee,
Mississippi Battery,
    Capt. T. J. Stanford.

Third Brigade.
Brig. Gen. GEORGE MANEY.

1st Tennessee,
27th Tennessee,
    Col. H. R. Feild.
4th Tennessee (Provisional Army),
    Col. J.A. McMurry.
6th Tennessee,
9th Tennessee,
    Col. C. S. Hurt.
Tennessee Sharpshooters,
    Capt. Frank Maney.
Smith's (Mississippi) battery,
    Lieut. William B. Turner.

Fourth ( Preston Smith's ) Brigade.
Col. A. J. VAUGHAN, JR.

12th Tennessee,
    Maj. J. N. Wyatt.
13th Tennessee:
    Lieut. Col. W. E. Morgan.
    Capt. R. F. Lanier.
29th Tennessee,
    Maj. J. B. Johnson.
47th Tennessee,
    Capt. W. M. Watkins.
154th Tennessee,
    Lieut. Col. M. Magevney, jr.
9th Texas,
    Col. W. H. Young.
Allin's (Tennessee) Sharpshooters:
    Lieut. J. R. J. Creighton.
    Lieut. T. F. Pattison.
Tennessee Battery,
    Capt. W. L. Scott.

SECOND DIVISION.
Maj. Gen. JONES M. WITHERS.

First (Deas') Brigade.
Col. J. Q. LOOMIS.
Col. J. COLTART.

19th Alabama.
22d Alabama.
25th Alabama.
26th Alabama.
39th Alabama.
17th Alabama Battalion Sharpshooters,
    Capt. B.C. Yancey.
1st Louisiana (Regulars),
    Lieut. Col. F. H. Farrar, jr.
Robertson's battery,
    Capt. F.H. Robertson.

Second Brigade.
Brig. Gen. JAMES R. CHALMERS.
Col. T. W. WHITE.

7th Mississippi.
9th Mississippi,
    Col. T. W. White.
10th Mississippi.
41st Mississippi.
9th Mississippi Battalion Sharpshooters,
    Capt. O. F. West.
Blythe's (Mississippi) regiment.
Garrity's (Alabama) battery.

Third (Walthall's) Brigade.
Brig. Gen. J. PATTON ANDERSON.

45th Alabama,
    Col. James G. Gilchrist.
24th Mississippi,
    Lieut. Col. R. P. McKelvaine.
27th Mississippi:
    Col. T. M. Jones.
    Lieut. Col. J. L. Autry.
    Capt. E. R. Neilson.
29th Mississippi:
    Col. W. F. Brantly.
    Lieut. Col. J. B. Morgan.
30th Mississippi,
    Lieut. Col. J. I. Scales.
39th North Carolina,
    Capt. A. W. Bell.
Missouri Battery,
    Capt. O. W. Barret.

Fourth (Anderson's) Brigade.
Col. A. M. MANIGAULT.

24th Alabama.
28th Alabama.
34th Alabama.
10th South Carolina,
    Col. A. J. Lythgoe.
19th South Carolina,
Alabama Battery,
    Capt. D. D. WATERS.

HARDEE'S CORPS.
Lieut. Gen. WILLIAM J. HARDEE.

FIRST DIVISION.
Maj. Gen. JOHN C. BRECKINRIDGE.

First Brigade.
Brig. Gen. DANIEL W. ADAMS.
Col. RANDALL L. GIBSON.

32d Alabama:
    Lieut. Col. Henry Maury.
    Col. Alexander McKinstry.
13th Louisiana,
    Col. R. L. Gibson.
20th Louisiana,
    Maj. Charles Guillet.
16th Louisiana,
    Col. S. W. Fisk.
25th Louisiana,
    Maj. F.C. Zacharie.
14th Louisiana Battalion,
    Maj. J. E. Austin.
Washington Artillery(5th Battery),
    Lieut. W. C. D. Vaught.

Second Brigade.
Col. J. B. PALMER.
Brig. Gen. GIDEON J. PILLOW.

18th Tennessee:
    Col. J. B. Palmer.
    Lieut. Col. W. R. Butler.
26th Tennessee,
    Col. John M. Lillard.
28th Tennessee,
    Col. P. D. Cunningham.
32d Tennessee,
    Col. Ed. C. Cook.
45th Tennessee,
    Col. A. Searcy.
Moses' (Georgia) battery,
    Lieut. R.W. Anderson.

Third Brigade.
Brig. Gen. WILLIAM PRESTON.

1st Florida,
    Col. William Miller.
3d Florida,
4th Florida,
    Col. William L. L. Bowen.
60th North Carolina,
    Col. J. A McDowell.
20th Tennessee:
    Col. T. B. Smith.
    Lieut. Col. F. M. Lavender.
    Maj. F. Claybrooke.
Tennessee Battery:
    Capt. E. E Wright
    Lieut. J. W. Phillips.

Fourth Brigade.
Brig. Gen. R. W. HANSON.
Col. R. P. TRABUE.

41st Alabama:
    Col. H. Talbird.
    Lieut. Col. M. L. Stansel.
2d Kentucky:
    Maj. James W. Hewitt.
    Capt. James W. Moss
4th Kentucky:
    Col. R. P. Trabue.
    Capt. T. W. Thompson.
6th Kentucky,
    Col. Joseph H. Lewis.
9th Kentucky,
    Col. T. H. Hunt.
Kentucky Battery,
    Capt. R. Cobb.

Jackson's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. JOHN K. JACKSON.

5th Georgia:
    Col. W. T. Black.
    Maj. C.P. Daniel.
2d Georgia Battalion Sharpshooters,
    Maj. J. J. Cox.
5th Mississippi,
    Lieut. Col. W. L. Sykes.
8th Mississippi:
    Col. J. C. Wilkinson.
    Lieut. Col. A. McNeill.
Pritchard's (Georgia) Battery.
Lumsden's (Alabama) battery,
    Lieut. H. H. Cribbs.

SECOND DIVISION.
Maj. Gen. P. R. CLEBURNE.

First Brigade.
Brig. Gen. L. E. POLK.

1st Arkansas,
    Col. John W. Colquitt.
13th Arkansas.
15th Arkansas.
5th Confederate,
    Col. J. A. Smith.
2d Tennessee,
    Col. W. D. Robison.
5th Tennessee,
    Col. B. J. Hill.
Helena (Ark.) Artillery,
    Lieut. T. J. Key.

Second Brigade.
Brig. Gen. ST. JOHN R. LIDDELL.

2d Arkansas,
    Col. D.C. Govan.
5th Arkansas,
    Lieut. Col. John E. Murray.
6th Arkansas,
    Col. S. G. Smith.
7th Arkansas,
    Lieut. Col. F. J. Cameron.
    Maj. W. F. Douglass.
8th Arkansas:
    Col. John H. Kelly.
    Lieut. Col. G. F. Baucum.
Swett's (Mississippi) battery,
    Lieut. H. Shannon.

Third Brigade.
Brig. Gen. Bushrod R. Johnson.

17th Tennessee:
    Col. A. S. Marks.
    Lieut. Col. W. W. Floyd.
23d Tennessee,
    Lieut. Col. R. H. Keeble.
25th Tennessee:
    Col. J. M. Hughs.
    Lieut. Col. Samuel Davis.
37th Tennessee:
    Col. M. White.
    Maj. J. T. McReynolds.
    Capt. C. G. Jarnagin.
44th Tennessee,
    Col. John S. Fulton.
Jefferson (Miss.) Artillery,
    Capt. Put. Darden.

Fourth Brigade.
Brig. Gen. S. A. M. WOOD.

16th Alabama,
    Col. W. B. Wood.
33d Alabama,
    Col. Samuel Adams.
3d Confederate,
    Maj. J. F. Cameron.
45th Mississippi,
    Lieut. Col. R. Charlton.
15th Mississippi Battalion Sharpshooters,
    Capt. A. T. Hawkins
Alabama Battery,
    Capt. Henry C. Semple.

McCOWN'S DIVISION.
Maj. Gen. J. P. McCOWN.

First Brigade.
Brig. Gen. M.D. ECTOR.

10th Texas Cavalry,
    Col. M. F. Locke.
11th Texas Cavalry:
    Col. J. C. Burks.
    Lieut. Col. J. M. Bounds.
14th Texas Cavalry,
    Col. J. L. Camp.
15th Texas Cavalry,
    Col. J. A. Andrews.
Texas Battery,
    Capt. J.P. Douglas.

Second Brigade.
Brig. Gen. JAMES E. RAINS.
Col. R. B. VANCE.

3d Georgia Battalion,
    Lieut. Col. M.A. Stovall.
9th Georgia Battalion,
    Maj. Joseph T. Smith.
29th North Carolina,
    Col. R. B. Vance.
11th Tennessee:
    Col. G. W. Gordon.
    Lieut. Col. William Thedford.
Eufaula (Ala.) Light Artillery,
    Lieut. W. A. McDuffie.

Third Brigade.
Brig. Gen. EVANDER McNAIR.
Col. R. W. HARPER.

1st Arkansas Mounted Rifles:
    Col. R. W. Harper.
    Maj. L. M. Ransaur.
2d Arkansas Mounted Rifles,
    Lieut. Col. J. A. Williamson.
4th Arkansas,
    Col. H. G. Bunn.
30th Arkansas:
    Maj. J. J. Franklin.
    Capt. W. A. Cotter.
4th Arkansas Battalion,
    Maj. J. A. Ross.
Arkansas Battery,
    Capt. J. T. Humphreys.

CAVALRY.
Brig. Gen. JOSEPH WHEELER.

Wheeler's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. JOSEPH WHEELER.

1st Alabama,
    Col. W. W. Allen.
3d Alabama:
    Maj. F. Y. Gaines.
    Capt. T. H. Mauldin.
51st Alabama:
    Col. John T. Morgan.
8th Confederate,
    Col. W. B. Wade.
1st Tennessee,
    Col. James E. Carter.
-- Tennessee Battalion,
    Maj. DeWitt C. Douglass.
-- Tennessee Battalion,
    Maj. D.W. Holman.
Arkansas Battery,
    Capt. J. H. Wiggins.

Buford's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. A. BUFORD.

3d Kentucky,
    Col. J. R. Butler.
5th Kentucky,
    Col. D. H. Smith.
6th Kentucky,
    Col. J. W. Grigsby.

Pegram's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. JOHN PEGRAM.

1st Georgia.
1st Louisiana.

Wharton's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. JOHN A. WHARTON.

14th Alabama Battalion,
    Lieut. Col. James C. Malone.
1st Confederate,
    Col. John T. Cox.
3d Confederate,
    Lieut. Col. William N. Estes.
2d Georgia:
    Lieut. Col. J. E. Dunlop.
    Maj. F. M. Ison.
3d Georgia (detachment),
    Maj. R. DeWitt C. Thompson.
2d Tennessee,
    Col. H. M. Ashby.
4th Tennessee,
    Col. Baxter Smith.
-- Tennessee Battalion,
    Maj. John R. Davis.
8th Texas,
    Col. Thomas Harrison.
Murray's (Tennessee) regiment,
    Maj. W. S. Bledsoe.
Escort company,
    Capt. Paul F. Anderson.
McCown's escort company,
    Capt. L. T. Hardy.
White's (Tennessee) battery,
    Capt. B. F. White, jr.

ARTILLERY.

Baxter's (Tennessee) battery.
Byrne's (Kentucky) battery.
Gibson's (Georgia) battery.

Courtesy civilwarhome.com

Recommended Reading: No Better Place to Die: THE BATTLE OF STONES RIVER (Civil War Trilogy). Review from Library Journal: Until now only three book-length studies of the bloody Tennessee battle near Stone's River existed, all old and none satisfactory by current historical standards. This important book covers the late 1862 campaign and battle in detail. Though adjudged a tactical draw, Cozzens shows how damaging it was to the South. Continued below.

Not only did it effectively lose Tennessee, but it completely rent the upper command structure of the Confederacy's major western army. Valuable for its attention to the eccentric personalities of army commanders Bragg and Rosecrans, to the overall campaign, and to tactical fine points, the book is solidly based on extensive and broad research. Essential for period scholars but quite accessible for general readers.

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Editor's Choice: CIVIL WAR IN WEST SLIP CASES: From Stones River to Chattanooga [BOX SET], by Peter Cozzens (1528 pages) (University of Illinois Press). Description: This trilogy very competently fills in much needed analysis and detail on the critical Civil War battles of Stones River, Chickamauga and Chattanooga. "Cozzens comprehensive study of these three great battles has set a new standard in Civil War studies....the research, detail and accuracy are first-rate." Continued below.

Mr. Cozzens' has delivered a very valuable, enjoyable work deserving of attention. The art work by Keith Rocco is also a nice touch, effecting, without sentimentality...historical art which contributes to the whole.

 

Recommended Reading: Six Armies in Tennessee: The Chickamauga and Chattanooga Campaigns (Great Campaigns of the Civil War). Description: When Vicksburg fell to Union forces under General Grant in July 1863, the balance turned against the Confederacy in the trans-Appalachian theater. The Federal success along the river opened the way for advances into central and eastern Tennessee, which culminated in the bloody battle of Chickamauga and then a struggle for Chattanooga. Chickamauga is usually counted as a Confederate victory, albeit a costly one. Continued below...

That battle—indeed the entire campaign—is marked by muddle and blunders occasionally relieved by strokes of brilliant generalship and high courage. The campaign ended significant Confederate presence in Tennessee and left the Union poised to advance upon Atlanta and the Confederacy on the brink of defeat in the western theater.
 

Recommended Reading: The Shipwreck of Their Hopes: THE BATTLES FOR CHATTANOOGA (Civil War Trilogy) (536 pages) (University of Illinois Press). Review (Booklist): Cozzens delivers another authoritative study with the Chattanooga campaign. Braxton Bragg (who sometimes seems unfit to have been at large on the public streets, let alone commanding armies) failed to either destroy or starve out the Union Army of the Cumberland. In due course, superior Northern resources and strategy--not tactics; few generals on either side come out looking like good tacticians--progressively loosened the Confederate cordon around the city. Continued below...

Finally, the Union drove off Bragg's army entirely in the famous Battle of Missionary Ridge, which was a much more complex affair than previous, heroic accounts make it. Like its predecessor on Chickamauga, this is such a good book on Chattanooga that it's hard to believe any Civil War collection will need another book on the subject for at least a generation. Roland Green
 
Recommended Reading: The Life of Johnny Reb: The Common Soldier of the Confederacy (444 pages) (Louisiana State University Press) (Updated edition: November 2007) Description: The Life of Johnny Reb does not merely describe the battles and skirmishes fought by the Confederate foot soldier. Rather, it provides an intimate history of a soldier's daily life--the songs he sang, the foods he ate, the hopes and fears he experienced, the reasons he fought. Wiley examined countless letters, diaries, newspaper accounts, and official records to construct this frequently poignant, sometimes humorous account of the life of Johnny Reb. In a new foreword for this updated edition, Civil War expert James I. Robertson, Jr., explores the exemplary career of Bell Irvin Wiley, who championed the common folk, whom he saw as ensnared in the great conflict of the 1860s. Continued below.
About Johnny Reb:
"A Civil War classic."--Florida Historical Quarterly
"This book deserves to be on the shelf of every Civil War modeler and enthusiast."--Model Retailer
"[Wiley] has painted with skill a picture of the life of the Confederate private. . . . It is a picture that is not only by far the most complete we have ever had but perhaps the best of its kind we ever shall have."--Saturday Review of Literature
 

Recommended Reading: Shiloh and the Western Campaign of 1862. Review: The bloody and decisive two-day battle of Shiloh (April 6-7, 1862) changed the entire course of the American Civil War. The stunning Northern victory thrust Union commander Ulysses S. Grant into the national spotlight, claimed the life of Confederate commander Albert S. Johnston, and forever buried the notion that the Civil War would be a short conflict. The conflagration at Shiloh had its roots in the strong Union advance during the winter of 1861-1862 that resulted in the capture of Forts Henry and Donelson in Tennessee. Continued below…

The offensive collapsed General Albert S. Johnston advanced line in Kentucky and forced him to withdraw all the way to northern Mississippi. Anxious to attack the enemy, Johnston began concentrating Southern forces at Corinth, a major railroad center just below the Tennessee border. His bold plan called for his Army of the Mississippi to march north and destroy General Grant's Army of the Tennessee before it could link up with another Union army on the way to join him. On the morning of April 6, Johnston boasted to his subordinates, "Tonight we will water our horses in the Tennessee!" They nearly did so. Johnston's sweeping attack hit the unsuspecting Federal camps at Pittsburg Landing and routed the enemy from position after position as they fell back toward the Tennessee River. Johnston's sudden death in the Peach Orchard, however, coupled with stubborn Federal resistance, widespread confusion, and Grant's dogged determination to hold the field, saved the Union army from destruction. The arrival of General Don C. Buell's reinforcements that night turned the tide of battle. The next day, Grant seized the initiative and attacked the Confederates, driving them from the field. Shiloh was one of the bloodiest battles of the entire war, with nearly 24,000 men killed, wounded, and missing. Edward Cunningham, a young Ph.D. candidate studying under the legendary T. Harry Williams at Louisiana State University, researched and wrote Shiloh and the Western Campaign of 1862 in 1966. Although it remained unpublished, many Shiloh experts and park rangers consider it to be the best overall examination of the battle ever written. Indeed, Shiloh historiography is just now catching up with Cunningham, who was decades ahead of modern scholarship. Western Civil War historians Gary D. Joiner and Timothy B. Smith have resurrected Cunningham's beautifully written and deeply researched manuscript from its undeserved obscurity. Fully edited and richly annotated with updated citations and observations, original maps, and a complete order of battle and table of losses, Shiloh and the Western Campaign of 1862 will be welcomed by everyone who enjoys battle history at its finest. Edward Cunningham, Ph.D., studied under T. Harry Williams at Louisiana State University. He was the author of The Port Hudson Campaign: 1862-1863 (LSU, 1963). Dr. Cunningham died in 1997. Gary D. Joiner, Ph.D. is the author of One Damn Blunder from Beginning to End: The Red River Campaign of 1864, winner of the 2004 Albert Castel Award and the 2005 A. M. Pate, Jr., Award, and Through the Howling Wilderness: The 1864 Red River Campaign and Union Failure in the West. He lives in Shreveport, Louisiana. About the Author: Timothy B. Smith, Ph.D., is author of Champion Hill: Decisive Battle for Vicksburg (winner of the 2004 Mississippi Institute of Arts and Letters Non-fiction Award), The Untold Story of Shiloh: The Battle and the Battlefield, and This Great Battlefield of Shiloh: History, Memory, and the Establishment of a Civil War National Military Park. A former ranger at Shiloh, Tim teaches history at the University of Tennessee.

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