Chickamauga Campaign Summary of Principal Events

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The Chickamauga Campaign
Summary of the Principal Events
 

Aug. 16-17, 1863 General advance of the Army of the Cumberland
Aug. 17, 1863 Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek, Near Sparta, Tenn.
Aug. 21, 1863 Skirmish at Maysville, Ala.
  Action at Shellmound, Tenn.
  Bombardment of Chattanooga, Tenn
Aug. 22-24, 1863 Expedition from Tracy City, Tenn., to the Tennessee River.
Aug. 24, 1863 Skirmish at Gunter's Landing, near Port Deposit, Ala.
Aug. 26-27, 1863 Skirmishes at Harrison's Landing, Tenn.
Aug. 27-28, 1863 Skirmish at the Narrows, near Shellmound, Tenn.
Aug. 28-31, 1863 Reconnaissance from Stevenson, Ala., to Trenton Georgia.
Aug. 29, 1863 Skirmish at Caperton's Ferry, Ala.
Aug. 30-31, 1863 Reconnaissance from Shellmound toward Chattanooga, Tenn.
Aug. 31, 1863 Skirmish in Will's Valley, Ala.
Sept. 1, 1863 Skirmishes at Will's Creek and at Davis' Tap's, and Neal's Gaps, Ala.
Sept. 3, 1863 Skirmish near Alpine, Ga.
Sept. 5, 1863 Reconnaissance from Winston's Gap into Broomtown Valley, Ala.
  Skirmish at Lebanon, Ala.
  Skirmish near Alpine, Ga.
  Destruction of salt-works at Rawlingsville, Ala.
Sept. 6, 1863 Skirmish at Stevens' Gap, Ga.
Sept. 6-7, 1863 Skirmish at Summerville, Ga.
Sept. 7, 1863 Skirmish at Stevenson, Ala.
  Reconnaissance toward Chattanooga and skirmish in Lookout Valley, Tenn.
Sept. 8, 1863 Skirmish at Winston's Gap, Ala.
  Skirmish at Alpine, Ga.
Sept. 9, 1863 Chattanooga, Tenn., occupied by the Union forces.
  Skirmish at friar's Island, Tenn.
  Skirmish at Lookout Mountain, Ga.
Sept. 10, 1863 Reconnaissance from Alpine toward Rome, La Fayette, and Summerville, Ga., and skirmish at Summerville.
  Skirmishes at Pea Vine Creek and near Graysville, Ga.
Sept. 11, 1863 Reconnaissance toward Rome, Ga.
  Skirmish near Blue Bird Gap, Ga.
  Skirmish at Davis' Cross-Roads (or Davis' House), Near Dug Gap, Ga.
  Skirmish near Rossville, Ga.
  Skirmish near Ringgold, Ga.
Sept. 11-13, 1863 Skirmishes near Lee and Gordon's Mills, Ga.
Sept. 12, 1863 Skirmish at Alpine, Ga.
  Skirmish at Dirt Town, Ga.
  Skirmish Near Leet's Tan-yard, or Rock Spring, Ga.
  Skirmish on the La Fayette road, near Chattooga River, Ga.
Sept. 13, 1863 Reconnaissance from Lee and Gordon's Mills toward La Fayette, Ga. and skirmish.
  Reconnaissance from Henderson's Gap, Ala., to La Fayette, Ga., and skirmish.
  Skirmish near Summerville, Ga.
Sept. 14, 1863 Skirmish near La Fayette, Ga.
Sept 15, 1863 Skirmish at Trion Factory, Ga.
  Skirmish at Summerville, Ga.
Sept. 15-18, 1863 Skirmishes at Catlett's Gap, Pigeon Mountain, Ga.
Sept. 16-18, 1863 Skirmishes near Lee and Gordon's Mills, Ga.
Sept. 17, 1863 Reconnaissance from Rossville and skirmish at Ringgold, Ga. Skirmish at Neal's Gap, Ala.
  Skirmish at Owens' Ford, West Chickamauga Creek, Ga.
Sept. 18, 1863 Skirmishes at Pea Vine Ridge, Alexander's and Reed's Bridges, Dyer's Ford, Spring Creek, and near Stevens' Gap, Ga.
Sept. 19-20, 1863 Battle of Chickamauga, Ga.
Sept. 21, 1863 Skirmishes at Rossville, Lookout Church, and Dry Valley, Ga.
Sept. 21-22, 1863 Army of the Cumberland retreats to Chattanooga, Tenn.
Sept. 22, 1863 Skirmishes at Missionary Ridge and Shallow Ford Gap, near Chattanooga, Tenn.

Recommended Reading: This Terrible Sound: THE BATTLE OF CHICKAMAUGA (Civil War Trilogy) (Hardcover: 688 pages) (University of Illinois Press). Description: Peter Cozzens is one of those amazing writers that brings you onto the field and allows you to experience the campaign. You advance with Cleburne's Division as it moves through the dusk shrouded woods and your pulse races as you envision Gen. Lytle's command trying to decide whether to save their dying commander or flee as the Rebs pound up that smoke-filled hill. Continued below...

This account of the Battle of Chickamauga is first rate and thrilling. The profusion of regimental and brigade disposition maps are particularly useful for any serious visit to the battlefield. There are some intriguing ideas introduced as well. Forrest's role in the early stages of the battle is fascinating to read and to contemplate. Also revealing are the ammunition problems that plagued the mounted units; a problem that would hinder Forrest's command at Spring Hill a year later.

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Recommended Reading: Chickamauga 1863: The River Of Death (Campaign). Description: By the autumn of 1863 the Confederacy was in dire straits. In a colossal gamble, Confederate President Jefferson Davis stripped forces from all the major Confederate armies to reinforce the Army of Tennessee in a last ditch attempt to crush the Union. On 19th September the Confederates attacked the Union army along Chickamauga creek south of Chattanooga. On the second day of bloody fighting the entire Union right collapsed and the army retreated headlong for Chattanooga, all except General George H. Thomas' Corps who fought on doggedly until nightfall delaying the confederate advance, saving the Union and earning his fame as the "Rock of Chickamauga". Continued below…

About the Author: James R. Arnold is a US-born freelance writer who has contributed to numerous military publications. James spent his formative years in Europe and used the opportunity to study the sites of historic battlefields. He has more than 15 published books to his credit, many of them focusing on the Napoleonic campaigns and American Civil War.

 

Recommended Reading: Chickamauga: A Battlefield Guide (This Hallowed Ground: Guides to Civil War). Description: Providing an overview of this dramatic battle of the Civil War, this book also provides an on-site tour to help both serious students and casual visitors get the most out of a visit to the location. "These 43 detailed maps are a must have for the buff... Chickamauga was the second bloodiest battle of the Civil War, and these maps are a wonderful guide to its battlefield."  Continued below…

About the Author: Steven E. Woodworth is an assistant professor of history at Texas Christian University. His books include Six Armies in Tennessee: The Chickamauga and Chattanooga Campaigns (Nebraska 1998).

 

Recommended Viewing: The Battle of Chickamauga (DVD) (Special Widescreen Edition). Description: WINNER OF THE 2008 SILVER TELLY AWARD, The Top Prize At The Ceremony! The Battle of Chickamauga proved to be one of the fiercest engagements of the American Civil War. Over a period of two days in September 1863, more than 100,000 men struggled for control of the south's most strategic transportation hub, the city of Chattanooga. Along the hills and valleys surrounding the Chickamauga Creek, over 34,000 casualties would be suffered, and the Confederate Army of Tennessee would achieve their last, great victory. Only one battle would surpass the bloodshed and carnage of bloody ChickamaugaGettysburg. Continued below…

Shot on location using High Definition cameras, this 70-minute documentary film dramatically recreates the battle by including more than 50 fully animated maps, period photographs, historical documents, and re-enactors. This Special Edition DVD also contains over 30 minutes of bonus features, including an in-depth tour of the Chickamauga-Chattanooga National Military Park's very own Fuller Gun Collection. Absolutely a must have for the Civil War buff. FIVE STARS by americancivilwarhistory.org

 

Recommended Reading: Six Armies in Tennessee: The Chickamauga and Chattanooga Campaigns (Great Campaigns of the Civil War). Description: When Vicksburg fell to Union forces under General Grant in July 1863, the balance turned against the Confederacy in the trans-Appalachian theater. The Federal success along the river opened the way for advances into central and eastern Tennessee, which culminated in the bloody battle of Chickamauga and then a struggle for Chattanooga. Continued below...
Chickamauga is usually counted as a Confederate victory, albeit a costly one. That battle—indeed the entire campaign—is marked by muddle and blunders occasionally relieved by strokes of brilliant generalship and high courage. The campaign ended significant Confederate presence in Tennessee and left the Union poised to advance upon Atlanta and the Confederacy on the brink of defeat in the western theater.
 

Recommended Reading: Chickamauga and Chattanooga: The Battles That Doomed the Confederacy (Paperback). From Booklist: This slim, eminently readable book by an established novelist and historian covers the two major battles of the Tennessee campaign in the fall of 1863. The Confederacy then had its last clear chance to reverse the course of the war. But its army proceeded to throw away what might have been a decisive victory at Chickamauga and was then driven from Tennessee at Chattanooga (the best-known episode of which is the Battle of Missionary Ridge). Bowers gives us almost straight narrative history, providing little background and less analysis but many memorable pen portraits of specific units and commanders (he adds notably to the well-deserved scorn heaped on Braxton Bragg).

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