Report of Capt. J. J. Young, quartermaster Twenty-sixth North
Near Gettysburg, Pa.,
July 4, 1863.
My dear Governor: I will trespass a few minutes upon your
to communicate the sad fate that has befallen the old
The heaviest conflict of the war has taken place
in this vicinity.
It commenced July 1, and raged furiously until late last night.
Heth's division, of A. P. Hill's corps,
opened the ball, and Pettigrew's
brigade was the advance. We went in with over 800 men in
the regiment. There came out
but 216, all told, unhurt.
Yesterday they were again engaged, and now have only about 80
men for duty.
give you an idea of the frightful loss in officers: Heth being
wounded, Pettigrew commands the division and Maj. [J.] Jones
brigade. Eleven men were shot down the first day with our
colors; yesterday they were lost. Poor Col. Burgwyn, jr., was
through both lungs, and died shortly afterward. His loss is
great, for he had but few equals of his age. Capt. McCreery,
Gen. Pettigrew's staff, was shot through the heart and instantly
killed; with them Lieut.-Col. Lane through the neck,
and mouth, I fear mortally; Adjutant [James B.] Jordan in the
hip, severely; Capt. [J. T.] Adams, shoulder, seriously;
McRae's thigh broken; Capt. [William] Wilson was killed; Lieut.'s
[John W.] Richardson and [J. B.] Holloway have
their wounds. It is thought Lieut. [M.] McLeod and Capt.
[N. G.] Bradford will die.
Nearly all the rest
of the officers were slightly wounded. [I. A.]
Jarratt I had forgotten to mention--in the face and hand. Yesterday,
[S. P.] Wagg was shot through by grape and instantly
killed; Lieut. [G.] Broughton in the head, and instantly killed;
Saunders was wounded and [J. R.] Emerson left on the
field for dead.
Capt. [H. C.] Albright is the only captain
left in the regiment
unhurt, and commands the regiment. Lieut.'s [J. A.] Lowe,
[M. B.] Blair, [T. J.] Cureton, and [C.
M.] Sudderth are all of the
subalterns. Col. Faribault, of the Forty-seventh, is severely
wounded. Lieut.-Col. [J. A.]
Graves and Maj. [A. D.]
Crudup supposed killed. Col. Marshall and Maj. [J. Q.] Richardson,
of the Fifty-second, supposed
to be killed. Lieut.-Col.
Parks dangerously wounded; Col. Leventhorpe badly wounded;
Maj. Ross killed.
division numbers but only 1,500 or 1,600 effective men,
as officially reported, but, of course, a good many will still
The division at the beginning numbered about 8,000 effective men.
I hear our army is generally badly cut
up. We will fall back about
5 miles, to draw the enemy, if possible, from his impregnable position.
It was a second
Fredericksburg affair, only the wrong way. We
had to charge over a mile a stone wall in an elevated position.
learn the loss of the enemy is terrible. We have taken 10,000 or
15,000 prisoners in all. Yesterday, in falling back, we
had to leave
the wounded; hence the uncertainty of a good many being killed
late yesterday evening. I must close.
J. J. YOUNG,
Capt., and Assistant Quartermaster.
His Excellency Gov. Zebulon B. Vance.
Official Records, Series I, Vol. 27, Part II, Reports. Serial No. 44
Recommended Reading: Covered With Glory: The 26th North Carolina
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of battle. Family diaries and letters describe the difficulties most soldiers faced in coping with military life. The author
uses an impressive list of other books and historical sources. What emerges is a detailed but readable history of a regiment
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public libraries and to special collections.
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