54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment Volunteers (Colored)

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54th Massachusetts Volunteers (African American) History

54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment Volunteers (Colored)

Organized at Readville and mustered in May 13, 1863. Left Boston on Steamer "De Molay" for Hilton Head, S.C., May 28, arriving on June 3: Attached to U. S. Forces, St. Helena Island, S.C., 10th Army Corps, Dept. of the South, to July 1863; Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Morris Island, S.C., 10th Army Corps, July 1863; 3rd Brigade, Morris Island, S.C., to August 1863; 4th Brigade, Morris Island, S.C., to November 1863; 3rd Brigade, Morris Island, S.C., to January 1864; Montgomery's Brigade, District of Hilton Head, S.C., to February 1864; Montgomery's Brigade, District of Florida, February 1864; 3rd Brigade, Ames' Division, District of Florida, to April 1864; Folly and Morris Islands, S.C., Northern District, Dept. South, to October 1864; 1st Separate Brigade, Dept. South, to November, 1864; 2nd Brigade, Coast Division, Dept. South, to February 1865; 1st Separate Brigade, Northern District, Dept. South, to March 1865; 1st Separate Brigade, District of Charleston, S.C., Dept. South, to June 1865; 3rd Sub-District, District of Charleston, Dept. South Carolina, to August 1865.

SERVICE.--At Thompson's Plantation near Beaufort, S.C., June 4-8, 1863; Relocated to St. Simon's Island, June 8-9; Expedition up Altamaha River, June 10-11; At St. Simon's Island, June 12-24; At St. Helena Island, June 25-July 8; To Stono Inlet, July 8; Expedition against James Island, July 9-16; Affair Legaresville on July 13, advanced to Secessionville on July 16; Relocated to Morris Island, July 16-18; Assault on Fort Wagner
, July 18; Siege operations against Forts Wagner and Gregg, Morris Island, July 18-September 7, and against Fort Sumter and Charleston, September 7, 1863, to January 28, 1864; Moved to Hilton Head, S.C., January 28, 1864; Expedition to Jacksonville, Fla., February 5-7; Capture of Jacksonville, February 6; Expedition to Lake City, Fla., February 7-22; Battle of Olustee, February 20; Duty at Jacksonville till April 17; Moved to Morris Island, April 17-18; Duty on Morris and Folly Islands, S. C., till November, 1864; Expedition to James Island, June 30-July 10; Actions on James Island, July 2, 9 and 10; Six Companies in charge of rebel prisoners under fire of Charleston Batteries on September 7 to October 20; Eight Companies moved to Hilton Head, November 27. (Cos. "B" and "F" at Morris Island till February, 1865.); Expedition to Boyd's Neck, S.C., November 29-30; Boyd's Landing, November 29; Battle of Honey Hill, November 30; Demonstration on Charleston Camp and Savannah Railroad, December 6-9; Moved to Graham's Neck, December 20; Connect with Sherman's Army at Pocotaligo, S.C., January 15, 1865; March to Charleston, January 15-February 23, skirmishing all the way. (Cos. "B" and "F" occupy Charleston February 18.); Regiment on duty at Charleston, February 27 to March 12; At Savannah, Ga., March 13-27; At Georgetown, S.C., March 31-April 5; Potter's Expedition to Camden, April 5-25; Seven Mile Bridge, April 6; Destruction of Eppes' Bridge, Black River, April 7; Dingle's Mills, April 9; Destruction of Rolling Stock at Wateree Junction on April 11; Singleton's Plantation, April 12; Statesburg, April 15; Occupation of Camden on April 17; Boykin's Mills, April 18; At Georgetown, April 25; Duty at Georgetown, Charleston, and various points in South Carolina, April 25 to August 17; Mustered out at Mount Pleasant, S.C., August 20, 1865. Discharged at Boston, Mass., September 1, 1865.

Regiment casualties during service: 5 Officers and 104 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded, and 1 Officer and 160 Enlisted men died by disease. Total 270.

Sources: Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies; National Park Service

Recommended Studies: 54th Massachusetts Volunteers; African American Regiments (USCT); African Americans and the American Civil War

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