North Carolina and Civil War Prisoners of War

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American Civil War: Prisoners of War, North Carolina Standard


North Carolina Standard
October 14, 1863

We are under obligation to a friend for the following list of Confederate officers
confined in West Buildings Hospital, Baltimore, on the 25th of last month.

Col. Rankin, 21st N.C.R.
Col. Leventhorpe, 11th (?) N.C.R.
Col. J.K. Connelly, 55th N.C.R.
Col. William Gibson, 48th Georgia
Lt. Col. J.R. Herbert, 1st Maryland Inf. Battalion
Lt. Col. M.J. Bulger, 47th Arkansas
Maj. W.H. Williamson, 7th Tennessee
Maj. J.M. Hancock, 2nd N.C. Batt.
Capt. George A. Graves, 22nd N.C.R.
Capt. Z.A. Blanton, 18th Va.
Capt. S.W. Brewer, 26th (?) 28th (?) N.C.
Capt. George H. Jones, 22nd Georgia
Capt. George S. Jones, 2nd Georgia Battalion
Capt. John W. Johnston, 11th Georgia
Lt. H.J. Walker, 18th N.C.
Lt. Thomas Newell, 45th (?) 46th (?) Georgia
Lt. Henry Shepherd, 43rd N.C.
Lt. W.C. mercer, 37th Va. Cavalry
Lt. J.E. Weymouth, 18th Va.
Lt. W.H. Burton, 11th Miss.
Lt. G.P. Bryan, 2nd N.C. Cavalry
Lt. J.H. Williams, 14th S.C.
Lt. F.M. Kelly, 48th Georgia
Lt. William E. Killan (?), 45th Georgia
Lt. J.M. Ray, 48th N.C.
Lt. M.B. Swearingen, 5th Florida
Lt. E.M. Kidd, 2nd Louisiana
Lt. B. Barksdale, 23rd Virginia
Lt. A.M. Belcher (?) Belsher (?), 2nd Mississippi
Lt. S. Genargin, 16th Alabama
Lt  Jas. A. Riddick, 3rd Virginia

The informer says one of two of the officers are in the same hospital whose
names he did not get.  He says they were all well treated.  Col. Connelly
has lost an arm; Col. Leaventhorpe was doing well.  The men were expecting
to be sent to Johnson’s Island, Ohio.

North Carolina Standard
November 25, 1863

Eighty two Confederate prisoners died at Camp Douglas near Chicago
in the month of October.  Among them we note the names of John Anderson,
64th N.C.T.; John J. Gray, 62nd N.C.T.; A.J. Prusnell, 62nd (?) N.C.T.; Avery
Reeves, 62nd N.C.T.; James L. Shelton, 62nd N.C.T.; Jacob Sellers, 62nd N.C.T.;
Jackson A. Tague, 62nd N.C.T.  Three quarters of all deaths were from inflammation
of the lungs.

North Carolina Standard
December 30, 1863

The following is a list of deaths among North Carolina troops held as
prisoners of war at Hammond General Hospital, Point Lookout, Maryland,
from 4th October to 30th November, 1863.

Corp. C.W. Lucky, 22nd Regiment
J.W. Simpson, 4th Regiment
William Baker, F.M. Baldwin and B. Christy, 52nd Regiment
A.C. Digh, 55th Regiment
W.P. Enhart, 11th Regiment
Charles Tate, 2nd Regiment
Ed Wilbar, 45th (?) Regiment
Bartlett Pierson, 20th Regiment
J.N. Alexander, 11th Regiment
A. Austin, 55th Regiment
M. Baldwin, 62nd
A.J. Carter, 22nd
S.C. Creer, 10th
Y.R. Davis, 52nd
John Fowler, 47th
S. Garrett, 11th
W.B. Grant, 2nd
D. Crenshaw, 32nd
R. (?) or B. (?) Harris, 52nd
A.S. Hartly, 37th
Jno. Ingram, 18th
J.A. Killian, 23rd (?)
B.F. Kidd, 21st
A. McDaniels, 61st
J. McDaniels, 26th
E. Murphy, 45th (?) 46th (?)
S. Nance, 6th
Jno. Pendy, 52nd
E. Setson, 23rd (?) 25th (?)
A.P. Smith, 45th
H.M. Smith, 52nd
J.D. Sullivan, 26th
M.J. Webster, 61st
A. Williams, 26th
J.B. Williams, 2nd
J. Young, 22nd
J.E. White, 26th (?) 28th (?)
J.L. Austin 37th (?), 7th (?)
Y. Barnhardt, 52nd
T.E. Boney, 4th
L.G. Hudd, 55th
L. Bishop, 52nd
D. Bowman, 52nd
W.H. Crickman, 1st
W.B. Crocker, 47th
A. Carswell, 54th
Jno. Done, 47th
A. Earpe, 55th
W. Erzell, 5th (?) 6th (?)
G. Evans, 55th
J.M. Ferrell, 12th
S. Shaw, 44th (?)
J.B. Fortner(?), 37th
J. Freeman, 46th (?) 48th(?)
George Green, 44th
W. Hatley (?), unit (?)
E. Sigman, 11th
L.R. Tyler, 4th
W.P. Thover, 1st
M.E. Watkins, 11th
A.W. Walker, 18th
F. Avery, 4th

Credit: Transcribed by Christine Spencer, April, 2007, located online at

Recommended Reading: To Die in Chicago: Confederate Prisoners at Camp Douglas 1862-65 (Hardcover) (446 pages). Description: The author’s research is exacting, methodical, and painstaking. He brought zero bias to the enterprise and the result is a stunning achievement that is both scholarly and readable. Douglas, the "accidental" prison camp, began as a training camp for Illinois volunteers. Donalson and Island #10 changed that. The long war that no one expected… combined with inclement weather – freezing temperatures - primitive medical care and the barbarity of the captors created in the author’s own words "a death camp." Stanton's and Grant's policy of halting the prisoner exchange behind the pretense of Fort Pillow accelerated the suffering. Continued below.

In the latest edition, Levy found the long lost hospital records at the National Archives which prove conclusively that casualties were deliberately “under reported.” Prisoners were tortured, brutality was tolerated and corruption was widespread. The handling of the dead rivals stories of Nazi Germany. The largest mass grave in the Western Hemisphere is filled with....the bodies of Camp Douglas dead, 4200 known and 1800 unknown. No one should be allowed to speak of Andersonville until they have absorbed the horror of Douglas, also known as “To Die in Chicago.”


Recommended Reading: So Far from Dixie: Confederates in Yankee Prisons (Hardcover: 312 pages). Description: This book is the gripping history of five men who were sent to Elmira, New York's infamous POW camp, and survived to document their stories. You will hear and even envision the most stirring and gripping true stories of each soldier that lived and survived the most horrible nightmares of the conflict while tortured and even starved as "THE PRISONER OF WAR."

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Recommended Reading: The True Story of Andersonville Prison: A Defense of Major Henry Wirz. Description: During the Civil War, James Madison Page was a prisoner in different places in the South. Seven months of that time was spent at Andersonville. While at that prison, he became well acquainted with Major Wirz – who had previously held the rank of captain. Page takes the stand and states that "Captain Wirz was unjustly held responsible for the hardship and mortality of Andersonville." It was his belief that both Federal and Confederate authorities must share culpability. Continued below.

Why? Because the Union knew the inability of the Confederacy to meet the reasonable wants of its prisoners of war, as it lacked supplies for its own needs – particularly for its Confederate soldiers - and since the Federal authorities failed to exercise a humane policy in the exchange of those captured in battle... that policy was commonly referred to as prisoner exchange. Continued below... The writer, "with malice toward none and charity for all", denies conscious prejudice, and makes the sincere endeavor to put himself in the other fellow's place and make such a statement of the matter in hand as will satisfy all lovers of truth and justice.


Recommended Reading: Portals to Hell: Military Prisons of the Civil War. Description: The military prisons of the Civil War, which held more than four hundred thousand soldiers and caused the deaths of fifty-six thousand men, have been nearly forgotten. Lonnie R. Speer has now brought to life the least-known men in the great struggle between the Union and the Confederacy, using their own words and observations as they endured a true “hell on earth.” Drawing on scores of previously unpublished firsthand accounts, Portals to Hell presents the prisoners’ experiences in great detail and from an impartial perspective. The first comprehensive study of all major prisons of both the North and the South, this chronicle analyzes the many complexities of the relationships among prisoners, guards, commandants, and government leaders. It is available in paperback and hardcover.


Recommended ReadingConfederate Military History Of North Carolina: North Carolina In The Civil War, 1861-1865. Description: The author, Prof. D. H. Hill, Jr., was the son of Lieutenant General Daniel Harvey Hill (North Carolina produced only two lieutenant generals and it was the second highest rank in the army) and his mother was General “Stonewall” Jackson’s wife's sister. In Confederate Military History Of North Carolina, Hill discusses North Carolina’s massive task of preparing and mobilizing for the conflict; the many regiments and battalions recruited from the Old North State; as well as the state's numerous contributions during the war. Continued below.

During Hill's Tar Heel State study, the reader begins with interesting and thought-provoking statistical data regarding the 125,000 "Old North State" soldiers that fought during the course of the war and the 40,000 that perished. Hill advances with the Fighting Tar Heels to the first battle at Bethel, through numerous bloody campaigns and battles--including North Carolina’s contributions at the "High Watermark" at Gettysburg--and concludes with Lee's surrender at Appomattox. Highly recommended!

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