Battle of Shiloh Confederate Army Order of Battle

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Confederate Army : Confederate Order of Battle : Battle of Shiloh
April 6-7, 1862



Brig. Gen. CHARLES CLARK (wounded)

First Brigade
Col. ROBERT M. RUSSELL, 12th Tennessee
11th Louisiana:
Col. Samuel F. Marks (wounded)
Lieut. Col. Robert H. Barrow
12th Tennessee:
Lieut. Col. Tyree H. Bell
Maj. Robert P. Caldwell
13th Tennessee:
Col. Alfred J. Vaughan, jr.
22d Tennessee:
Col. Thomas J. Freeman (wounded)
Tennessee Battery, Capt. Smith P. Bankhead

Second Brigade
13th Arkansas:
Lieut. Col. A. D. Grayson (killed)
Maj. James A. McNeely (wounded)
Col. James C. Tappan
4th Tennessee:
Col. Rufus P. Neely
Lieut. Col. Otho F. Strahl
5th Tennessee:
Lieut. Col. Calvin D. Venable
33d Tennessee:
Col. Alexander W. Campbell (wounded)
Mississippi Battery, Capt. Thomas J. Stanford

Maj. Gen. BENJAMIN F. CHEATHAM (wounded)

First Brigade
Brig. Gen. BUSHROD R. JOHNSON (wounded)
Col. PRESTON SMITH, 154th Tennessee (wounded)
Blythe's Mississippi:
Col. A. K. Blythe (killed)
Lieut. Col. David L. Herron (killed)
Maj. James Moore
2d Tennessee:
Col. J. Knox Walker
15th Tennessee:
Lieut. Col. Robert C. Tyler (wounded)
Maj. John F. Hearn
154th Tennessee (senior):
Col. Preston Smith
Lieut. Col. Marcus J. Wright (wounded)
Tennessee Battery, Capt. Marshall T. Polk (wounded)

Second Brigade
Col. WILLIAM H. STEPHENS, 6th Tennessee
Col. GOERGE MANEY, 1st Tennessee
7th Kentucky:
Col. Charles Wickliffe (mortally wounded)
Lieut. Col. William D. Lannom
1st Tennessee (Battalion):
Col. George Maney
Maj. Hume R. Field
6th Tennessee:
Lieut. Col. Timothy P. Jones
9th Tennessee:
Col. Henry L. Douglass
Mississippi Battery, Capt. Melancthon Smith

1st Mississippi, Col. Andrew J. Lindsay
Mississippi and Alabama Battalion, Lieut. Col. Richard H. Brewer

47th Tennessee, Col. Munson R. Hill
(arrived on field April 7)


Company Alabama Cavalry, Capt. Robert W. Smith


First Brigade
Col. RANDALL L. GIBSON, 13th Louisiana
1st Arkansas, Col. James F. Fagan
4th Louisiana:
Col. Henry W. Allen (wounded)
Lieut. Col. Samuel E. Hunter
13th Louisiana:
Maj. Anatole P. Avegno (mortally wounded)
Capt. Stephen O'Leary (wounded)
Capt. Edgar M. Dubroca
19th Louisiana:
Col. Benjamin L. Hodge
Lieut. Col. James m. Hollingsworth
Vaiden, or Bain's, Mississippi Battery, Capt. S. C. Bain

Second Brigade
1st Florida Battalion:
Maj. Thaddeus A. McDonell (wounded)
Capt. W. G. Poole
Capt. W. Capers Bird
17th Louisiana:
Lieut. Col. Charles Jones (wounded)
20th Louisiana:
Col. August Reichard
Confederate Guards Response Battalion, Maj. Franklin H. Clack
9th Texas:
Col. Wright A. Stanley
Washington (Louisiana) Artillery, Fifth Company, Capt. W. Irving Hodgson

Third Brigade
Col. PRESTON POND, jr., 16th Louisiana
16th Louisiana:
Maj. Daniel Gober
18th Louisiana:
Col. Alfred Mouton (wounded)
Lieut. Col. Alfred Roman.
Crescent (Louisiana) Regiment:
Col. Marshall J. Smith
Orleans Guard (Louisiana) Battalion:
Maj. Leon Querouze (wounded)
38th Tennessee:
Col. Robert F. Looney
Ketchum's Alabama Battery, Capt. William H. Ketchum

Alabama Battalion (5 companies-Jenkins, Cox, Robins, Tomlinson, and Smith),
Capt. Thomas F. Jenkins


First Brigade
Brig. Gen. ADLEY H. GLADDEN (mortally wounded)
Col. DANIEL W. ADAMS (wounded), 22d Alabama
21st Alabama:
Lieut. Col. Stewart W. Cayce
Maj. Frederick Stewart
22d Alabama:
Col. Zach C. Deas
Lieut. Col. John C. Marrast
25th Alabama:
Col. John Q. Loomis (wounded)
Maj. George D. Johnston
26th Alabama:
Lieut. Col. John G. Coltart (wounded)
Lieut. Col. William D. Chadick
1st Louisiana:
Col. Daniel W. Adams
Maj. Fred H. Farrar, jr.
Robertson's, Alabama, Battery, Capt. Felix H. Robertson

Second Brigade
5th Mississippi:
Col. Albert E. Fant
7th Mississippi:
Lieut. Col. Hamilton Mayson
9th Mississippi:
Lieut. Col. William A. Rankin (mortally wounded)
10th Mississippi:
Col. Robert A. Smith
52d. Tennessee:
Col. Benjamin J. Lea
Gage's, Alabama, Battery, Capt. Charles P. Gage

Third Brigade
17th Alabama:
Lieut. Col. Robert C. Fariss
18th Alabama:
Col. Eli S. Shorter
19th Alabama:
Col. Joseph Wheeler
2d Texas:
Col. John C. Moore
Lieut. Col. William P. Rogers
Maj. Hal G. Runnels
Girardey's, George, Battery, Capt. Isadore P. Girardey

Clanton's Alabama Regiment, Col. James H. Clanton (wounded)

Maj. Gen. WILLIAM J. HARDEE (wounded)

First Brigade
Brig. Gen. THOMAS C. HINDMAN (disabled), commanding his own and Third Brigade
Col. R. G. SHAVER, 7th Arkansas (disabled)
2d Arkansas:
Col. Daniel C. Govan
Maj. Reuben F. Harvey
6th Arkansas:
Col. Alexander T. Hawthorn
7th Arkansas:
Lieut. Col. John M. Dean (killed)
Maj. James T. Martin
3d Confederate:
Col. John S. Marmaduke
Warren Light Artillery, or Swett's, Mississippi, battery, Capt. Charles Swett
Pillow's Flying Artillery, or Miller's, Tennessee, Battery, Capt.------- Miller

Second Brigade
15th Arkansas:
Lieut. Col. Archibald K. Patton (killed)
6th Mississippi:
Col. John J. Thornton (wounded)
Lieut. Col. W. A. Harper
2d Tennessee:
Col. William B. Bate (wounded)
Lieut. Col. David L. Goodall
5th (35th) Tennessee:
Col. Benjamin J. Hill
23d Tennessee:
Lieut. Col. James F. Neill (wounded)
Maj. Robert Cantrell
24th Tennessee:
Lieut. Col. Thomas H. Peebles
Shoup's Battalion
Trigg's (Austin) Arkansas, Battery, Capt. John t. Trigg
Calvert's (Helena) Arkansas, Battery, Capt. J. H. Calvert
Hubbard's Arkansas, Battery, Capt. George T. Hubbard

Third Brigade
Brig. Gen. STERLING A. M. WOOD (disabled)
Col. WILLIAM K. PATTERSON, 8th Arkansas, temporarily
16th Alabama:
Lieut. Col. John W. Harris
8th Arkansas:
Col. William K. Patterson
9th (14th ) Arkansas (battalion):
Maj. John H. Kelly
3d Mississippi Battalion:
Maj. Aaron B. Hardcastle
27th Tennessee :
Col. Christopher H. Williams (killed)
Maj. Samuel T. Love (killed)
44th Tennessee:
Col. Coleman A. McDaniel
55th Tennessee:
Col. James L. McKoin
Harper's (Jefferson Mississippi) Battery:
Capt. William L. Harper (wounded)
Lieut. Put Darden
Georgia Dragoons, Capt. Isaac W. Avery


First Brigade
Col. ROBERT P. TRABUE, 4th Kentucky
(Clifton's) 4th Alabama Battalion:
Maj. James M. Clifton
31st Alabama:
Lieut. Col. Montgomery Gilbreath
3d Kentucky:
Lieut. Col. Benjamin Anderson (wounded)
4th Kentucky:
Lieut. Col. Andrew r. Hynes (wounded)
5th Kentucky:
Lieut. Col. Thomas H. Hunt
6th Kentucky:
Col. Joseph H. Lewis
Crew's Tennessee Battalion:
Lieut. Col. James M. Crews
Lyon's (Cobb's) Kentucky battery, Capt. Robert Cobb
Byrne's Mississippi Battery, Capt. Edward P. Byrne
Morgan;s Squadron, Kentucky Cavalry, Capt. John H. Morgan

Second Brigade
Brig. Gen. JOHN S. BOWEN (wounded)
9th Arkansas:
Col. Isaac L. Dunlop
10th Arkansas:
Col. Thomas H. Merrick
2d Confederate:
Col. John d. Martin
Maj. Thomas H. Mangum
1st Missouri:
Col. Lucius L. Rich
Pettus Flying Artillery, or Hudson's Mississippi Battery, Capt. Alfred Hudson
Watson's Louisiana, Battery, --- ---.
Thompson's Company, Kentucky Cavalry, Capt. Phil. B. Thompson

Third Brigade
Col. WINFIELD S. STATHAM, 15th Mississippi
15th Mississippi
22d Mississippi

19th Tennessee:
Col. David H. Cummings
20th Tennessee:
Col. Joel A. Battle (captured)
28th Tennessee
45th Tennessee:
Lieut. Col. Ephraim F. Lytle
Rutledge's Tennessee, Battery, Capt. Arthur m. Rutledge
Forrest's Regiment Tennessee Cavalry, Col. Nathan B. Forrest (wounded)

Wharton's Texas Regiment Cavalry, Col. John A. Warton (wounded)
Wirt Adams's Mississippi Regiment Cavalry, Col. Wirt Adams
McClung's, Tennessee, Battery, Capt. Hugh L. W. McClung
Roberts Arkansas Battery

Source: Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies

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Recommended Reading: The Battle of Shiloh and the Organizations Engaged (Hardcover). Description: How can an essential "cornerstone of Shiloh historiography" remain unavailable to the general public for so long? That's what I kept thinking as I was reading this reprint of the 1913 edition of David W. Reed's “The Battle of Shiloh and the Organizations Engaged.” Reed, a veteran of the Battle of Shiloh and the first historian of the Shiloh National Military Park, was tabbed to write the official history of the battle, and this book was the result. Reed wrote a short, concise history of the fighting and included quite a bit of other valuable information in the pages that followed. The large and impressive maps that accompanied the original text are here converted into digital format and included in a CD located within a flap at the back of the book. Author and former Shiloh Park Ranger Timothy Smith is responsible for bringing this important reference work back from obscurity. His introduction to the book also places it in the proper historical framework. Continued below…

Reed's history of the campaign and battle covers only seventeen pages and is meant to be a brief history of the subject. The detail is revealed in the rest of the book. And what detail there is! Reed's order of battle for Shiloh goes down to the regimental and battery level. He includes the names of the leaders of each organization where known, including whether or not these men were killed, wounded, captured, or suffered some other fate. In a touch not often seen in modern studies, the author also states the original regiment of brigade commanders. In another nice piece of detail following the order of battle, staff officers for each brigade and higher organization are listed. The book's main point and where it truly shines is in the section entitled "Detailed Movements of Organizations". Reed follows each unit in their movements during the battle. Reading this section along with referring to the computerized maps gives one a solid foundation for future study of Shiloh. Forty-five pages cover the brigades of all three armies present at Shiloh.


Wargamers and buffs will love the "Abstract of Field Returns". This section lists Present for Duty, engaged, and casualties for each regiment and battery in an easy to read table format. Grant's entire Army of the Tennessee has Present for Duty strengths. Buell's Army of the Ohio is also counted well. The Confederate Army of the Mississippi is counted less accurately, usually only going down to brigade level and many times relying only on engaged strengths. That said, buy this book if you are looking for a good reference work for help with your order of battle.


In what I believe is an unprecedented move in Civil War literature, the University of Tennessee Press made the somewhat unusual decision to include Reed's detailed maps of the campaign and battle in a CD which is included in a plastic sleeve inside the back cover of the book. The cost of reproducing the large maps and including them as foldouts or in a pocket in the book must have been prohibitive, necessitating this interesting use of a CD. The maps were simple to view and came in a PDF format. All you'll need is Adobe Acrobat Reader, a free program, to view these. It will be interesting to see if other publishers follow suit. Maps are an integral part of military history, and this solution is far better than deciding to include poor maps or no maps at all. The Read Me file that came with the CD relays the following information: 


The maps contained on this CD are scans of the original oversized maps printed in the 1913 edition of D. W. Reed's The Battle of Shiloh and the Organizations Engaged. The original maps, which were in a very large format and folded out of the pages of this edition, are of varying sizes, up to 23 inches by 25 inches. They were originally created in 1901 by the Shiloh National Military Park under the direction of its historian, David W. Reed. They are the most accurate Shiloh battle maps in existence.


The maps on the CD are saved as PDF (Portable Document Format) files and can be read on any operating system (Windows, Macintosh, Linux) by utilizing Adobe Acrobat Reader. Visit to download Acrobat Reader if you do not have it installed on your system.


Map 1. The Field of Operations from Which the Armies Were Concentrated at Shiloh, March and April 1862


Map 2. The Territory between Corinth, Miss., and Pittsburgh Landing, Tenn., Showing Positions and Route of the Confederate Army in Its Advance to Shiloh, April 3, 4, 5, & 6, 1862


Map 3. Positions on the First Day, April 6, 1862


Map 4. Positions on the Second Day, April 7, 1862


Complete captions appear on the maps.


Timothy Smith has done students of the Civil War an enormous favor by republishing this important early work on Shiloh. Relied on for generations by Park Rangers and other serious students of the battle, The Battle of Shiloh and the Organizations Engaged has been resurrected for a new generation of Civil War readers. This classic reference work is an essential book for those interested in the Battle of Shiloh. Civil War buffs, wargamers, and those interested in tactical minutiae will also find Reed's work to be a very good buy. Highly recommended.


Recommended Reading: Shiloh: A Battlefield Guide (This Hallowed Ground: Guides to Civil War), by Mark Grimsley (Author), Steven E. Woodworth (Author). Description: Peabody’s Battle Line, McCuller’s Field, Stuart’s Defense, the Peach Orchard, and Hell’s Hollow—these monuments mark some of the critical moments in the battle of Shiloh but offer the visitor only the most meager sense of what happened on the banks of the Tennessee in April 1862. This battlefield guide breathes life into Civil War history, giving readers a clear picture of the setting at the time of engagement, who was where, and when and how the battle progressed. Continued below…

Designed to lead the user on a one-day tour of one of the most important battlefields of the war, the guide provides precise directions to all the key locations in a manner reflecting how the battle itself unfolded. A wealth of maps, vivid descriptions, and careful but accessible analysis makes plain the sweep of events and the geography of the battlefield, enhancing the experience of Shiloh for the serious student, the casual visitor, and the armchair tourist alike.

About the Authors: Mark Grimsley is a professor of history at Ohio State University. He is the author of And Keep Moving On: The Virginia Campaign, May–June, 1864, and the co-editor of Civilians in the Path of War, both published by the University of Nebraska Press. Steven E. Woodworth is a professor of history at Texas Christian University. He is the author of Chickamauga: A Battlefield Guide and Six Armies in Tennessee: The Chickamauga and Chattanooga Campaigns.


Recommended Reading: Guide to the Battle of Shiloh, by Army War College. Description: As Ulysses S. Grant and William Tecumseh Sherman prepared their inexperienced troops for a massive offensive by an equally green Confederate army in April 1862, the outcome of the Civil War was still very much in doubt. For two of the most chaotic and ravaging days of the War, the Union forces counterattacked and fended off the Rebels. Losses were great--more than 20,000 casualties out of 100,000 Union and Confederate troops. Continued below…

But out of the struggle, Grant and Sherman forged their own union that would be a major factor in the Union Army's final victory. For the Confederates, Shiloh was a devastating disappointment. By the time the siege was over, they had lost both the battle and one of their ablest commanders, Albert Sidney Johnston. Eyewitness accounts by battle participants make these guides an invaluable resource for travelers and nontravelers who want a greater understanding of five of the most devastating yet influential years in our nation's history. Explicit directions to points of interest and maps--illustrating the action and showing the detail of troop position, roads, rivers, elevations, and tree lines as they were 130 years ago--help bring the battles to life. In the field, these guides can be used to recreate each battle's setting and proportions, giving the reader a sense of the tension and fear each soldier must have felt as he faced his enemy. This book is part of the U.S. Army War College Guides to Civil War Battles series.


Recommended Reading: Shiloh: The Battle That Changed the Civil War (Simon & Schuster). From Publishers Weekly: The bloodbath at Shiloh, Tenn. (April 6-7, 1862), brought an end to any remaining innocence in the Civil War. The combined 23,000 casualties that the two armies inflicted on each other in two days shocked North and South alike. Ulysses S. Grant kept his head and managed, with reinforcements, to win a hard-fought victory. Continued below…

Confederate general Albert Sidney Johnston was wounded and bled to death, leaving P.G.T. Beauregard to disengage and retreat with a dispirited gray-clad army. Daniel (Soldiering in the Army of Tennessee) has crafted a superbly researched volume that will appeal to both the beginning Civil War reader as well as those already familiar with the course of fighting in the wooded terrain bordering the Tennessee River. His impressive research includes the judicious use of contemporary newspapers and extensive collections of unpublished letters and diaries. He offers a lengthy discussion of the overall strategic situation that preceded the battle, a survey of the generals and their armies and, within the notes, sharp analyses of the many controversies that Shiloh has spawned, including assessments of previous scholarship on the battle. This first new book on Shiloh in a generation concludes with a cogent chapter on the consequences of those two fatal days of conflict.


Recommended Reading: Shiloh--In Hell before Night. Description: James McDonough has written a good, readable and concise history of a battle that the author characterizes as one of the most important of the Civil War, and writes an interesting history of this decisive 1862 confrontation in the West. He blends first person and newspaper accounts to give the book a good balance between the general's view and the soldier's view of the battle. Continued below…

Particularly enlightening is his description of Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston, the commander who was killed on the first day of the battle. McDonough makes a pretty convincing argument that Johnston fell far short of the image that many give him in contemporary and historical writings. He is usually portrayed as an experienced and decisive commander of men. This book shows that Johnston was a man of modest war and command experience, and that he rose to prominence shortly before the Civil War. His actions (or inaction) prior to the meeting at Shiloh -- offering to let his subordinate Beauregard take command for example -- reveal a man who had difficulty managing the responsibility fostered on him by his command. The author does a good job of presenting several other historical questions and problems like Johnston's reputation vs. reality that really add a lot of interest to the pages.


Recommended Reading: Shiloh and the Western Campaign of 1862. Review: The bloody and decisive two-day battle of Shiloh (April 6-7, 1862) changed the entire course of the American Civil War. The stunning Northern victory thrust Union commander Ulysses S. Grant into the national spotlight, claimed the life of Confederate commander Albert S. Johnston, and forever buried the notion that the Civil War would be a short conflict. The conflagration at Shiloh had its roots in the strong Union advance during the winter of 1861-1862 that resulted in the capture of Forts Henry and Donelson in Tennessee. Continued below…

The offensive collapsed General Albert S. Johnston advanced line in Kentucky and forced him to withdraw all the way to northern Mississippi. Anxious to attack the enemy, Johnston began concentrating Southern forces at Corinth, a major railroad center just below the Tennessee border. His bold plan called for his Army of the Mississippi to march north and destroy General Grant's Army of the Tennessee before it could link up with another Union army on the way to join him. On the morning of April 6, Johnston boasted to his subordinates, "Tonight we will water our horses in the Tennessee!" They nearly did so. Johnston's sweeping attack hit the unsuspecting Federal camps at Pittsburg Landing and routed the enemy from position after position as they fell back toward the Tennessee River. Johnston's sudden death in the Peach Orchard, however, coupled with stubborn Federal resistance, widespread confusion, and Grant's dogged determination to hold the field, saved the Union army from destruction. The arrival of General Don C. Buell's reinforcements that night turned the tide of battle. The next day, Grant seized the initiative and attacked the Confederates, driving them from the field. Shiloh was one of the bloodiest battles of the entire war, with nearly 24,000 men killed, wounded, and missing. Edward Cunningham, a young Ph.D. candidate studying under the legendary T. Harry Williams at Louisiana State University, researched and wrote Shiloh and the Western Campaign of 1862 in 1966. Although it remained unpublished, many Shiloh experts and park rangers consider it to be the best overall examination of the battle ever written. Indeed, Shiloh historiography is just now catching up with Cunningham, who was decades ahead of modern scholarship. Western Civil War historians Gary D. Joiner and Timothy B. Smith have resurrected Cunningham's beautifully written and deeply researched manuscript from its undeserved obscurity. Fully edited and richly annotated with updated citations and observations, original maps, and a complete order of battle and table of losses, Shiloh and the Western Campaign of 1862 will be welcomed by everyone who enjoys battle history at its finest. Edward Cunningham, Ph.D., studied under T. Harry Williams at Louisiana State University. He was the author of The Port Hudson Campaign: 1862-1863 (LSU, 1963). Dr. Cunningham died in 1997. Gary D. Joiner, Ph.D. is the author of One Damn Blunder from Beginning to End: The Red River Campaign of 1864, winner of the 2004 Albert Castel Award and the 2005 A. M. Pate, Jr., Award, and Through the Howling Wilderness: The 1864 Red River Campaign and Union Failure in the West. He lives in Shreveport, Louisiana. About the Author: Timothy B. Smith, Ph.D., is author of Champion Hill: Decisive Battle for Vicksburg (winner of the 2004 Mississippi Institute of Arts and Letters Non-fiction Award), The Untold Story of Shiloh: The Battle and the Battlefield, and This Great Battlefield of Shiloh: History, Memory, and the Establishment of a Civil War National Military Park. A former ranger at Shiloh, Tim teaches history at the University of Tennessee.

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