Additional Sources, References, Credits and Acknowledgements:
Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies; North Carolina Division of Archives and History; National
Archives and Records Administration; Library of Congress; State Library of North Carolina; North Carolina Museum of History;
Digital Library of Georgia; Museum of the Cherokee Indian; Duke University; University of North Carolina (Chapel Hill); University
of Tennessee (Knoxville); Tennessee State Library and Archives; Western Carolina University; North Carolina Department of
Cultural Resources; Vernon H. Crow, Storm in the Mountains: Thomas' Confederate Legion of Cherokee Indians and Mountaineers;
Vernon H. Crow, The Justness of Our Cause; E. Stanly Godbolt, Jr. and Mattie U. Russell, Confederate Colonel and Cherokee
Chief: The Life of William Holland Thomas; The Civil War Diary of William W. Stringfield, Johnson City, TN: East Tennessee
Historical Society Publications; John R. Finger, The Eastern Band of Cherokees; Paul A. Thomsen, Rebel Chief: The Motley Life
of Colonel William Holland Thomas C.S.A.; Christopher M. Watford, The Civil War in North Carolina: Soldiers' and Civilians'
Letters and Diaries, 1861-1865, Volume 2: The Mountains; John C. Inscoe and Gordon B. McKinney, The Heart of Confederate
Appalachia: Western North Carolina in the Civil War; D. H. Hill, Confederate Military History Of North Carolina: North
Carolina In The Civil War, 1861-1865; Weymouth T. Jordan and Louis H. Manarin, North Carolina Troops, 1861-1865; Walter Clark,
Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great War 1861-1865; Website of the Eastern
Band of Cherokee Nation; Thomas Legion
Papers (thomaslegion.net/papers.html); Moore's Roster; National Park Service, The American Civil War; National Park Service:
Soldiers and Sailors System; Charles H. Kirk, History of the Fifteenth Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry (Philadelphia: Privately
printed, 1906); Frederick H. Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion; The
Papers of Jefferson Davis, Rice University;
Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Ohio State University, Official Records of the Union and Confederate
Armies, Cornell University; John C. Inscoe, Mountain Masters: Slavery and
the Sectional Crisis in Western North Carolina; William R. Trotter, Bushwhackers:
The Civil War in North Carolina, The Mountains; Sean Michael O'Brien, Mountain Partisans: Guerrilla Warfare in
the Southern Appalachians, 1861-1865; Noel C. Fisher, War at Every Door: Partisan Politics and Guerrilla Violence in East
Tennessee, 1860-1869; The Sylva Herald; Smoky Mountain News; Jackson County Genealogy Society; Jan Wyatt and
the Cashiers Historical Society; Macon County Historical Society & Museum; American Neurological Association; National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke; Victoria Casey McDonald, A
Pictorial History: The African-Americans of Jackson County; General Assembly of North Carolina, Session 2005; archives.gov;
whitehouse.gov; bioguide.congress.gov; senate.gov; Jerry Trivette and the Appalachian Summit; Tennessee Civil War Sourcebook;
The MountainKin Group; NCGenWeb Cherokee County; Carolyn Ellertson; George Frizzell; George Ellison; Bernie Cooper; Jeff C. Weaver;
Len Robbins; Matthew Brown; Matthew Coffey; William C. "Jack" Davis; Jim and Ken Martin; Bev Otis; and many others, to wit,
without their assistance this website would not be possible.
You may purchase many of the reference materials with this easy-to-use search box:
Reading: Confederate Military History Of North Carolina: North Carolina In The Civil War, 1861-1865. Description: The author, Prof. D. H. Hill, Jr., was the son of Lieutenant General Daniel Harvey Hill
(North Carolina produced only two lieutenant generals and
it was the second highest rank in the army) and his mother was the sister to General “Stonewall” Jackson’s
wife. In Confederate Military History Of North Carolina, Hill discusses North
Carolina’s massive task of preparing and mobilizing for the conflict; the many regiments and battalions recruited from
the Old North State; as well as the state's numerous contributions during the war. Continued below...
During Hill's Tar Heel State
study, the reader begins with interesting and thought-provoking statistical data regarding the 125,000 "Old North State"
soldiers that fought during the course of the war and the 40,000 that perished. Hill advances with the Tar Heels to the first
battle at Bethel, through numerous bloody campaigns and battles--including North
Carolina’s contributions at the "High Watermark" at Gettysburg--and concludes
with Lee's surrender at Appomattox.
Reading: The Civil War in North Carolina. Description:
Numerous battles and skirmishes were fought in North Carolina
during the Civil War, and the campaigns and battles themselves were crucial in the grand strategy of the conflict and involved
some of the most famous generals of the war. John Barrett presents the complete story of military engagements across the state,
including the classical pitched battle of Bentonville--involving Generals Joe Johnston and William Sherman--the siege of Fort Fisher, the amphibious
campaigns on the coast, and cavalry sweeps such as General George Stoneman's Raid.
Reading: The Civil War in the Carolinas (Hardcover). Description: Dan Morrill relates the
experience of two quite different states bound together in the defense of the Confederacy, using letters, diaries, memoirs,
and reports. He shows how the innovative operations of the Union army and navy along the
coast and in the bays and rivers of the Carolinas affected the general course of the war
as well as the daily lives of all Carolinians. He demonstrates the "total war" for North
Carolina's vital coastal railroads and ports. In the latter part of the war, he describes
how Sherman's operation cut out the heart of the last stronghold
of the South. Continued below...
offers fascinating sketches of major and minor personalities, including the new president and state governors, Generals Lee,
Beauregard, Pickett, Sherman, D.H. Hill, and Joseph E. Johnston. Rebels and abolitionists, pacifists and unionists, slaves
and freed men and women, all influential, all placed in their context with clear-eyed precision. If he were wielding a needle
instead of a pen, his tapestry would offer us a complete picture of a people at war. Midwest Book Review: The Civil War in the Carolinas by civil war expert and historian
Dan Morrill (History Department, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, and Director of the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Historical
Society) is a dramatically presented and extensively researched survey and analysis of the impact the American Civil War had
upon the states of North Carolina and South Carolina, and the people who called these states their home. A meticulous, scholarly,
and thoroughly engaging examination of the details of history and the sweeping change that the war wrought for everyone, The
Civil War In The Carolinas is a welcome and informative addition to American Civil War Studies reference collections.
Reading: Touring the Carolina's
Civil War Sites (Touring the Backroads Series). Description:
Touring the Carolina's Civil War Sites helps travelers find the Carolinas'
famous Civil War battlefields, forts, and memorials, as well as the lesser skirmish sites, homes, and towns that also played
a significant role in the war. The book's 19 tours, which cover the 'entire Carolinas,' combine riveting history with clear,
concise directions and maps, creating a book that is as fascinating to the armchair reader as it is to the person interested
in heritage travel. Below are some examples from this outstanding book:
1. Fort Fisher - the largest sea fort in the war that protected the
vital town of Wilmington N.C., and the blockade runners so important for supplying Lee's Army of Northern Virginia.
- where the whole shootin' match started.
3. Bentonville - the last large scale battle of the war.
4. Outer Banks - early Union victories here were vital to capturing many parts of Eastern North Carolina from which the
Union could launch several offensives.
March - the destruction of certain towns in both Carolinas (particularly South Carolina)
further weakened the South's will to continue the struggle.
I also enjoyed reading about the locations of various gravesites
of Confederate generals and their Civil War service. Indeed, if not for this book, this native North Carolinian and long-time
Civil War buff may never have learned of, and visited, the locations of some of the lesser-known sites other than those mentioned
Johnson's writing style is smooth--without being overly simplistic--and contains several anecdotes (some humorous
ones too) of the interesting events which took place during the Civil War years. Highly recommended!