(AKA 9th North Carolina Regiment Volunteers-1st Cavalry)
9th Regiment Volunteers-1st
Cavalry, AKA 1st North Carolina Cavalry Regiment, was organized at Camp Beauregard, Ridgeway,
North Carolina, in August 1861. Its companies were from the counties of Ashe, Wayne, Macon,
Northampton, Mecklenburg, Watauga, Cabarrus, Buncombe,
Duplin, and Warren. Ordered to Virginia, the regiment was brigaded with
Generals Hampton, L. S. Baker, James B. Gordon, and Barringer. It fought in many campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia, including the battles at Frayser's Farm, Malvern Hill, Fairfax Court House, Sharpsburg, General J.E.B. Stuart's raid into Pennsylvania, Hampton's raid to Dumfries,
Brandy Station, Aldie, Upperville, Carlisle, Gettysburg (Order of Battle), Buckland Mills, Mine Run, Wilderness, Todd's Tavern, Reams Station, Hampton's Cattle Raid, and Five Forks. The 1st Cavalry had 407 effectives at Gettysburg and 8 at Appomattox. The field officers were Colonels Lawrence S. Baker, W. H. Cheek, James
B. Gordon (later promoted to Brigadier General; mortally wounded at the Battle of Meadow Bridge; and cousin to Major General
John B. Gordon), Robert Ransom, Jr., and Thomas Ruffin; Lieutenant Colonels Rufus Barringer and William H. H. Cowles; and
Majors Thomas N. Crumpler, George S. Dewey, Marcus D. L. McLeod, and John H. Whitaker.
|1st North Carolina Cavalry Regimental Flag
(About) April 2011, of the 1st North Carolina Cavalry Regimental Flag exhibit at
the Wilkes County Heritage Museum.
|1st North Carolina Cavalry Regiment
|1st North Carolina Cavalry Regiment
Recommended Reading: Lee's Cavalrymen: A History of the Mounted Forces of the Army of Northern Virginia,
1861-1865 (Hardcover). Description: A companion
to his previous work, Lincoln's Cavalrymen, this volume focuses
on the cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia its leadership, the military life of its officers and men as revealed in their
diaries and letters, the development of its tactics as the war evolved, and the influence of government policies on its operational
abilities. All the major players and battles are involved, including Joseph E. Johnston, P. G. T Beauregard, and J. E. B.
Stuart. As evidenced in his previous books, Longacre's painstakingly thorough research will make this volume as indispensable
a reference as its predecessor.
Reading: Brandy Station, Virginia, June 9, 1863: The Largest
Cavalry Battle of the Civil War (Hardcover).
Description: The winter of 1862-1863 found Robert Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia and Ambrose Burnside’s Army
of the Potomac at a standoff along the Rappahannock River
in Virginia. In December 1862, outnumbered Confederate forces
had dealt the Union army a handy defeat in the Battle of Fredericksburg. A demoralized Union army was waiting for spring and
revitalization. The latter came in late January 1863 in the form of Major General Joseph "Fighting Joe" Hooker. Relieving
the disgraced and outmatched Burnside, Hooker reorganized his troops, establishing regular drills, procuring adequate rations
and instituting company colors, thereby giving his soldiers back their fighting spirit. Lee, also with his eye on the spring
campaign, concentrated on maintaining his strength and fortifications while struggling with the ever-increasing problem of
adequate supplies. Continued below…
As the spring
campaign--and Hooker’s new fighting approach--began, cavalry units from both sides took on an increased importance.
This culminated in the largest cavalry battle of the war, fought near Brandy Station, Virginia on June 9, 1863. Compiled from various contemporary
sources, this volume details the contributions of cavalry units during the spring campaign of 1863. Although the work discusses
early encounters such as the Battle of Chancellorsville, the main focus is the Battle of Brandy Station, which marked the
opening of the Gettysburg campaign and Lee’s last offensive
into the North. Here, forces commanded by J.E.B. Stuart and Alfred Pleasanton fought a battle which ranged over 70 square
miles but left no decisive victor. At the end of the day, Confederate troops were still in possession of the territory and
counted fewer casualties, yet Union forces had definitely taken the offensive. While historians still debate the significance
of the battle, many now view it as a harbinger of change, signifying the beginning of dominance of Union horse soldiers and
the corresponding decline of Stuart’s Confederate command. Appendices contain information on individual units with recorded
casualties and a list of West Pointers who took part in the battle. Photographs and an index are also included.
Reading: Nathan Bedford Forrest: In Search
of the Enigma (Hardcover: 528 pages). Description: Nathan Bedford Forrest’s astounding military abilities, passionate temperament, and tactical ingenuity
on the battlefield have earned the respect of Civil War scholars and military leaders alike. He was a man who stirred the
most extreme emotions among his followers and his enemies, and his name continues to inspire controversy. In this comprehensive
biography, Forrest is properly illuminated as the brilliant battlefield tactician--and
the only Confederate cavalry leader feared by Gen. Ulysses S. Grant. Historians Eddy W. Davison and Daniel
Foxx offer a detailed explanation of the Fort Pillow "Massacre"
unraveling the facts to prove that it was not indeed a massacre. The book also discusses Forrest’s role in the Ku Klux
Klan and how he came to be its first grand wizard. Continued below...
Dispelling several myths, this is a study of the complete Forrest, including
his rise as a self-made millionaire in Memphis, his remarkable success leading the Seventh Tennessee Cavalry, and his life
following the Civil War. Although the book is filled with vivid battle narratives, it goes beyond Forrest’s military
life to examine other aspects of this enigmatic leader—his role as husband and father, for example, and his dramatic
call for full citizenship for Black Southerners. Edwin C. Bearss, historian emeritus, National Park Service, states:
"Recommended as must reading for those who want to know Forrest and his way of war."
Recommended Reading: Confederate Military History Of North Carolina: North
Carolina In The Civil War, 1861-1865. Description: The author, Prof. D.
H. Hill, Jr., was the son of Lieutenant General Daniel Harvey Hill (North Carolina
produced only two lieutenant generals and it was the second highest rank in the army) and his mother was the sister to General
“Stonewall” Jackson’s wife. In Confederate Military History Of North
Carolina, Hill discusses North Carolina’s massive task of preparing and
mobilizing for the conflict; the many regiments and battalions recruited from the Old
North State; as well as the
state's numerous contributions during the war. Continued below...
Heel State study, the reader begins with
interesting and thought-provoking statistical data regarding the 125,000 "Old
North State" soldiers that fought
during the course of the war and the 40,000 that perished. Hill advances with the Tar Heels to the first battle at Bethel, through numerous bloody campaigns and battles--including North Carolina’s
contributions at the "High Watermark" at Gettysburg--and concludes with Lee's surrender at
Sources: Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies; Walter Clark,
Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great War 1861-1865; National Park Service: American
Civil War; National Park Service: Soldiers and Sailors System; Weymouth T. Jordan and Louis H. Manarin, North Carolina Troops,
1861-1865; and D. H. Hill, Confederate Military History Of North Carolina: North Carolina In The Civil War, 1861-1865;