American Civil War Troops,
Units, Regiments, and Battalions
"When one totals the North Carolinians that died in World War I, World War II, Korea
and Vietnam, it is far less than North Carolina's American Civil War death toll."
NORTH CAROLINA REGIMENTS AND BATTALIONS
(AKA Mountain Troops; Mountaineers; Highlanders)
|Map of the 3 Regions of North Carolina
North Carolina provided at least 125,000 soldiers to the Confederacy, and
the Tar Heel
State recruited more soldiers than any Southern state. More than 620,000 died in the Civil War and 40,000 were North Carolinians. The Old North
State provided 69 infantry regiments and 4 infantry battalions; 9 cavalry
regiments and 9 cavalry battalions; 2 heavy artillery battalions, 4 artillery regiments, 3 light artillery
battalions, and 4 light artillery batteries. Several North Carolina infantry regiments mustered 1,500 soldiers,
while few regiments mustered as many as 1,800. North Carolina's sole legion, Thomas' Legion, mustered more than 2,500 soldiers, while the average Civil War regiment
mustered 1,100 soldiers. The North Carolina mountain counties also recruited several companies which served in the predominately
and “Coastal Plain” regiments. Western North Carolina even recruited numerous “Home Guard, Junior and Senior Reserves, and State Militia companies.”
Western North Carolinians also served in East Tennessee, northern Georgia, southwest Virginia, and "Upstate" South Carolina regiments. Western
North Carolina in 1861, depending on which cartographic map you study, included 20 or 21 western counties (see North Carolina Maps). In 1861, however, there were 21 mountain counties and 71%
of North Carolina's slave population resided in the Coastal Plain Region, with the Southern Appalachian Mountains considered the poorest of the three North Carolina Regions. The Mountaineers, a.k.a. Highlanders, fought and died in the bloodiest battles of the War, and, in the
below list of regiments, Western North Carolina recruited at least one company for the listed regiment or the entire
regiment hailed from the North Carolina mountains. A Guide to Military Organizations and Installations of North Carolina 1861-1865, explains the numerical designations according to branch of service and the nature and character of each unit's
organization. The North Carolina Mountain Regiments and Battles offers a "single page view" of Western North Carolina's contributions for the regiments and it further reflects
how many mountaineer or highlander companies served in each regiment.
|North Carolina Civil War Troops, Regiments, Units
|Western North Carolina Mountains Civil War Map
* Component of the Thomas Legion (a.k.a. 69th North Carolina Regiment). The Thomas Legion consisted
of the following components: Walker's Battalion (a.k.a. 80th Battalion), Love's Regiment (a.k.a. Thomas' Infantry Regiment
and Love's Infantry Regiment), Cherokee Battalion, Cherokee Bodyguards, Levi and Barr's Light Artillery Battery, and the Pioneer
There were eight Union regiments raised in North Carolina, four white and four of African descent.
The two mounted infantry units were raised in the Western Region of the state, and all other units were raised in the east.
Reading: Bushwhackers, The Civil War
in North Carolina: The Mountains (338 pages). Description: Trotter's
book (which could have been titled "Murder, Mayhem, and Mountain Madness") is an epic backdrop for the most horrific
murdering, plundering and pillaging of the mountain communities of western North Carolina during the state’s darkest
hour—the American Civil War. Commonly referred to as Southern Appalachia, the North Carolina
and East Tennessee mountains witnessed divided loyalties in its bushwhackers and guerrilla
units. These so-called “bushwhackers” even used the conflict to settle old feuds and scores, which, in some cases,
continued well after the war ended. Continued below...
were highly organized ‘fighting guerrilla units’ while others were a motley group of deserters and outliers,
and, since most of them were residents of the region, they were familiar with the terrain and made for a “very formidable
foe.” In this work, Trotter does a great job on covering the many facets of the bushwhackers, including their: battles,
skirmishes, raids, activities, motives, the outcome, and even the aftermath. This book is also a great source for tracing
ancestors during the Civil War; a must have for the family researcher of Southern Appalachia.
Reading: The Civil War in North Carolina:
Soldiers' and Civilians' Letters and Diaries, 1861-1865. Volume 2: The Mountains (Civil War in North Carolina) (Hardcover). Description: As with The Civil War in North Carolina: Soldiers' and Civilians' Letters
and Diaries, 1861-1865. Vol. 1: The Piedmont, this work presents letters and diary entries (and a few other documents) that tell the experiences of soldiers and
civilians from the mountain counties of North Carolina during
the Civil War. The counties included are Alleghany, Ashe, Buncombe, Burke, Caldwell, Cherokee,
Clay, Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, McDowell, Macon,
Madison, Mitchell, Polk, Rutherford, Surry, Transylvania,
Watauga, Wilkes, and Yancey. The book is arranged chronologically, 1861 through 1865. Before each letter or diary entry, background
information is provided about the writer. Continued below...
The Civil War
in North Carolina: Soldiers'
and Civilians' Letters and Diaries, 1861-1865 (Volume 2): The Mountains, is the soldier's story. It is an A-to-Z compilation
of what the "rank and file soldier" experienced during the American Civil War. The Western
North Carolina soldiers express their hearts to their loved ones and friends, thus allowing the reader
the most intimate and personal view of the war. From triumph to tragedy, the "soldiers' letters" express what few authors
or writers can achieve--realism. According to cartographic and demographic studies, Southern
Appalachia comprised a unique indigenous people, and by isolating these rare letters it allows the
reader the most detailed insight to their experiences. The soldier experienced various traumatic stressors in the conflict:
such as witnessing death or dismemberment, handling dead bodies, traumatic loss of comrades, realizing imminent death, killing
others and being helpless to prevent others' deaths. Plain, raw and to the point: The
reader will witness the most detailed insight to the so-called American Civil War. Intimate and personal: diseases, privation,
wounds, loneliness, exhaustion, heartache, and death are all explored. This book includes a lot of information about: Western North Carolina Civil
War History (North Carolina mountain troops), soldiers' photos (some
tintype photographs too), and rare pictures. For example, on page 143, there is a photo of Gov. Zeb Vance's brother,
Robert, at Fort Delaware Prisoner of War Camp; he had been captured by Pennsylvania cavalry in East Tennessee. You may see
a rare photo or letter of an ancestor. The maps, which reflect the region, have keys which place each regiment
to each respective western county (where the troops were raised). The soldiers - collectively - also
present a detailed North Carolina Civil War History. By reading the letters, you will easily form a timeline that is
filled with first-hand facts. To be very candid, it is not only filled with primary accounts of the war, but it is one
of the best books to read about the war...Creates an indispensable historical timeline of the life, times, and events of
the brave men from the Old North State.
Recommended Reading: Mountain
Myth: Unionism in Western North Carolina (Hardcover), by Terrell T. Garren. Description: Civil
War historian Terrell T. Garren and author of acclaimed The Secret of War: A Dramatic History of Civil War Crime in Western North Carolina, delivers another masterpiece and challenges previous 'historical assumptions' regarding Unionism in Western North
Carolina. Garren says that readers of his new book "may be surprised to learn that Western North Carolina citizens of that
day were as much or more dedicated to the Confederate cause than the people of any other area in the entire South." It is
RATED 5 STARS, the highest rating, by thomaslegion.net
Reading: Remembering North Carolina's Confederates (NC) (Images of America). Description: The
American Civil War was scarcely over when a group of ladies met in Raleigh
and began to plan commemoration for the honored Confederate dead of North Carolina. In 1867, they held their first memorial service.
Two years later in Fayetteville,
the first monument to the state's fallen Confederate soldiers was erected. Over the next 14 decades, countless monuments were
commissioned in cemeteries and courthouse squares across the state. Continued below…
the veterans themselves began to gather in their local communities, and state and national reunions were held. For many of
the Confederate veterans, honor for their previous service continued long after their deaths: accounts of their sacrifice
were often chiseled on their grave markers. The numerous images within this book, photographs of veterans and reunions, monuments,
and tombstones are but a sampling of the many ways that the old Confederate soldiers are commemorated across the Old North State.
About the Author: Historian and photographer Michael C. Hardy is truly one-of-a-kind; he has dedicated and sacrificed his
life preserving North Carolina’s
Civil War history and heritage. With unmatched zeal and enthusiasm, Michael travels thousands of miles annually, while crisscrossing
North Carolina, teaching, educating, speaking, listening,
researching, and reading every conceivable aspect of the Civil War as it relates to the Old North State.
Michael C. Hardy is the author of numerous books and articles about North Carolina's role during the Civil War. This is his second book
for Arcadia Publishing. A popular speaker for history associations, preservation groups, and museums, he lives with his wife,
Elizabeth, and son, Nathaniel, in the mountains of Western North Carolina.
Editor's Picks for Western North Carolina - Southern Appalachia - and the American Civil
Sources: Official Records of the
Union and Confederate Armies; Walter Clark, Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great
War 1861-1865; National Park Service: American Civil War; National Park Service: Soldiers and Sailors System; Weymouth T.
Jordan and Louis H. Manarin, North Carolina Troops, 1861-1865; D. H. Hill, Confederate Military History Of North Carolina: North Carolina In The Civil War, 1861-1865; Vernon H. Crow,
Storm in the Mountains: Thomas' Confederate Legion of Cherokee Indians and Mountaineers; Christopher M. Watford, The Civil
War in North Carolina: Soldiers' and Civilians' Letters and Diaries, 1861-1865. Volume 2: The Mountains; William F. Fox, Regimental
Losses in the American Civil War.