Battle of Cold Harbor : Confederate Order of Battle

Thomas' Legion
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Confederate Army : Battle of Cold Harbor
Confederate Forces at the Battle of Cold Harbor

Battle of Cold Harbor : Confederate Order of Battle
 
ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA.
General ROBERT E. LEE.

FIRST ARMY CORPS.
Lieut. Gen. JAMES LONGSTREET.

KERSHAW'S DIVISION.
Brig. Gen. JOSEPH B. KERSHAW.

Kershaw's Brigade.
Col. JOHN W. HENAGAN.

2d South Carolina,
        Lieut. Col. Franklin Gaillard.
3d South Carolina,
        Col. James D. Nance.
7th South Carolina,
        Capt. James Mitchell.
8th South Carolina,
        Lieut. Col. Eli T. Stackhouse.
15th South Carolina,
        Col. John B. Davis.
3d South Carolina Battalion,
        Capt. B. M. Whitener.

Wofford's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. WILLIAM T. WOFFORD.

16th Georgia,----- ----- 
18th Georgia,----- -----   
24th Georgia,----- -----   
Cobb's (Georgia) Legion, ----- ----- 
Phillips (Georgia) Legion,----- ----- 
3d Georgia Battalion Sharpshooters.----- ----- 

Humphreys' Brigade.
Brig. Gen. BENJAMIN G. HUMPHREYS.

13th Mississippi,
        Maj. George L. Donald.
17th Mississippi,----- ----- 
18th Mississippi,----- -----  
        Capt. William H. Lewis.
21st Mississippi,
        Col. D. N. Moody.

Bryan's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. GOODE BRYAN.

10th Georgia,
        Col. Willis C. Holt.
50th Georgia,
        Col. Peter McGlashan.
51st Georgia,
        Col. Edward Ball.
53d Georgia,
        Col. James P. Simms.

FIELD'S DIVISION.
Maj. Gen. CHARLES W. FIELD.

Jenkins' Brigade.
Brig. Gen. MICAH JENKINS.

1st South Carolina,
        Col. James R. Hagood.
2d South Carolina (Rifles),
        Col. Robert E. Bowen.
5th South Carolina,
        Col. A. Coward.
6th South Carolina,
        Col. John Bratton.
Palmetto (South Carolina) Sharpshooters,
        Col. Joseph Walker.

Law's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. E. McIVER LAW.

4th Alabama,
        Col. Pinckney D. Bowles.
15th Alabama,
        Col. William C. Oates.
44th Alabama,
        Col. William F. Perry.
47th Alabama,------- -----.
48th Alabama,
        Lieut. Col. William M. Hardwick.

Anderson's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. GEORGE T. ANDERSON.

7th Georgia,------- -------.
8th Georgia ----- ----.
9th Georgia,------- ------.
11th Georgia,------- ------.
59th Georgia,
        Lieut. Col. Bolivar H. Gee.

Gregg's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. JOHN GREGG.

3d Arkansas,
        Col. Van H. Manning.
1st Texas,------ -------.
4th Texas.
        Col. John P. Bane.
5th Texas,
        Lieut. Col. King Bryan.

Benning's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. HENRY L. BENNING.

2d Georgia, ------ ------.
15th Georgia,
        Col. Dudley M. Du Bose,
17th Georgia, ------ ------.
20th Georgia, ------ ------.

ARTILLERY.
Brig. Gen. E. PORTER ALEXANDER.

Huger's Battalion.
Lieut. Col. FRANK HUGER.

Fickling's (South Carolina) battery.
Moody's (Louisiana) battery.
Parker's (Virginia) battery.
Smith's, J. D. (Virginia), battery.
Taylor's (Virginia) battery.
Woolfolk's (Virginia) battery.

Haskell's Battalion.
Maj. JOHN C. HASKELL.

Flanner's (North Carolina) battery.
Garden's (South Carolina) battery.
Lamkin's (Virginia) battery (unequipped).
Ramsay's (North Carolina) battery.

Cabell's Battalion.
Col. HENRY C. CABELL.

Callaway's (Georgia) battery.
Carlton's (Georgia) battery.
McCarthy's (Virginia.) battery.
Manly's (North Carolina) battery.

SECOND ARMY CORPS.
Lieut. Gen. RICHARD S. EWELL.

EARLY'S DIVISION.
Maj. Gen. JUBAL A. EARLY.

Hays' Brigade.
Brig. Gen. HARRY T. HAYS.

5th Louisiana,
        Lieut. Col. Bruce Menger.
6th Louisiana,
        Maj. William H. Manning.
7th Louisiana,
        Maj. J. Moore Wilson.
8th Louisiana, ------ ------.
9th Louisiana,------ -----.

Pegram's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. JOHN PEGRAM.

13th Virginia,
        Col. James B. Terrill.
31st Virginia,
        Col. John S. Hoffman.
49th Virginia,
        Col. J. Catlett Gibson.
52d Virginia, ------ -----.
58th Virginia, ------- -------.

Gordon's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. JOHN B. GORDON.

13th Georgia, ------- ------.
26th Georgia,
        Col. Edmund N. Atkinson.
31st Georgia,
        Col. Clement A. Evans.
38th Georgia, ----- -----.
60th Georgia,
        Lieut. Col. Thomas J. Berry.
61st Georgia. ----- -----.

JOHNSON'S DIVISION.
Maj. Gen. EDWARD JOHNSON.

Stonewall Brigade.
Brig. Gen. JAMES A. WALKER.

2d Virginia,
        Capt. Charles H. Stewart.
4th Virginia,
        Col. William Terry.
5th Virginia, ------ ------.
27th Virginia,
        Lieut. Col. Charles L. Haynes.
33d Virginia,------ -------.

Jones' Brigade.
Brig. Gen. JOHN M. JONES.

21st Virginia, ------ ------.
25th Virginia,
        Col. John C. Higginbotham.
42d Virginia, ------ ------.
44th Virginia, ------ ------.
48th Virginia, ------ ------
50th Virginia, ------- -----.

Steuart's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. GEORGE H. STEUART.

1st North Carolina,
        Col. Hamilton A. Brown.
3d North Carolina,
        Col. Stephen D. Thruston.
10th Virginia, ---- ---.
23d Virginia, ---- ---.
37th Virginia, ---- ---.

Stafford's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. LEROY A. STAFFORD.

1st Louisiana, ---- ----.
2d Louisiana,
        Col. Jesse M. Williams.
10th Louisiana, ---- ----.
14th Louisiana, ---- ----.
15th Louisiana, ------ -------.

RODES' DIVISION.
Maj. Gen. ROBERT E. RODES.

Daniel's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. JUNIUS DANIEL.

32d North Carolina, ----- -----.
43d North Carolina, ---- ----.
45th North Carolina, ---- ----.
53d North Carolina. ----- -----.
2d North Carolina Battalion, ---- ----.

Doles' Brigade.
Brig. Gen. GEORGE DOLES.

4th Georgia, ----- -----.
12th Georgia,
        Col. Edward Willis.
44th Georgia,
        Col. William H. Peebles.

Ramseur's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. STEPHEN D. RAMSEUR.

2d North Carolina,
        Col. William R. Cox.
4th North Carolina,
        Col. Bryan Grimes.
14th North Carolina,
        Col. R. Tyler Bennett.
30th North Carolina,
        Col. Francis M. Parker.

Battle's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. CULLEN A. BATTLE.

3d Alabama,
        Col. Charles Forsyth.
5th Alabama, ---- ----.
6th Alabama,---- ---.
12th Alabama. ---- ----.
26th Alabama, ---- --.

Johnston's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. ROBERT D. JOHNSTON.

5th North Carolina,
        Col. Thomas M. Garrett.
12th North Carolina,
        Col. Henry E. Coleman.
20th North Carolina,
        Col. Thomas F. Toon.
23d North Carolina, ----- ------.

ARTILLERY.
Brig. Gen. ARMISTEAD L. LONG.

Hardaway's Battalion.
Lieut. Col. ROBERT A. HARDAWAY.

Dance's (Virginia) battery.
Graham's (Virginia) battery.
Griffin's, C. B. (Virginia), battery.
Jones' (Virginia) battery.
Smith's, B. H. (Virginia), battery.

Braxton's Battalion.
Lieut. Col. CARTER M. BRAXTON.

Carpenter's (Virginia) battery.
Cooper's (Virginia) battery.
Hardwicke's (Virginia) battery.

Nelson's Battalion.
Lieut. Col. WILLIAM NELSON.

Kirkpatrick's (Virginia) battery.
Massie's (Virginia) battery.
Milledge's (Georgia) battery.

Cutshaw's Battalion.
Maj. WILFRED E. CUTSHAW.

Carrington's (Virginia) battery.
Garber's, A. W. (Virginia), battery.
Tanner's (Virginia) battery.

Page's Battalion.
Maj. RICHARD C. M. PAGE.

Carter's, W. P. (Virginia), battery.
Fry's (Virginia) battery.
Page's (Virginia) battery.
Reese's (Alabama) battery.

THIRD ARMY CORPS.
Lieut. Gen. AMBROSE P. HILL.

ANDERSON'S DIVISION.
Maj. Gen. RICHARD H. ANDERSON.

Perrin's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. ABNER PERRIN,

8th Alabama, ----- ----,
9th Alabama, ----- ----.
10th Alabama, ---- ----.
11th Alabama, ----- -----.
14th Alabama, ----- ----.

Harris' Brigade.
Brig. Gen. NATHANIEL H. HARMS.

12th Mississippi, ---- ---.
16th Mississippi,
        Col. Samuel E: Baker.
19th Mississippi,
        Col. Thomas J. Hardin.
48th Mississippi, ------ -----.

Mahone's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. WILLIAM MAHONE.

6th Virginia,
        Lieut. Col. Henry W. Williamson.
12th Virginia,
        Col. David A. Weisiger.
16th Virginia,
        Lieut. Col. Richard O. Whitehead.
41st Virginia, ---- ----.
61st Virginia,
        Col. Virginius D. Groner.

Wright' s Brigade.
Brig. Gen. AMBROSE R. WRIGHT.

3d Georgia, ------ ------.
22d Georgia,------ -----.
48th Georgia, --- ---.
2d Georgia Battalion,
        Maj. Charles J. Moffett.

Perry's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. Edward A. PERRY.

2d Florida,---- ------.
5th Florida, ------ ------.
8th Florida, ------- -----.

HETH'S DIVISION.
Maj. Gen. HENRY HETH.

Davis' Brigade.
Brig. Gen. JOSEPH R. DAVIS.

2d Mississippi, ---- ----.
11th Mississippi, ------ -----.
42d Mississippi,----- -----
55th North Carolina, ----- ----

Cooke's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. JOHN R, COOKE.

15th North Carolina, ---- ---
27th North Carolina, --- ---
46th North Carolina, -- -----
48th North Carolina,

Kirkland's Brigade,
Brig. Gen. WILLIAM W, KIRKLAND.

11th North Carolina, ------ ---
26th North Carolina, --- ----.
44th North Carolina, ---- ---.
47th North Carolina,- ----- -----.
52d North Carolina, ------- ------.

Walker' s Brigade.
Brig. Gen. HENRY H. WALKER,

40th Virginia,---- ----
47th Virginia,
        Col. Robert M. Mayo.
55th Virginia,
        Col. William S. Christian.
22d Virginia Battalion, ------ -------.

Archer's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. JAMES J. ARCHER.

13th Alabama, --- ----.
1st Tennessee (Provisional Army),
        Maj. Felix G. Buchanan.
7th Tennessee,
        Lieut. Col. Samuel G. Shepard.
14th Tennessee,
        Col. William McComb.

WILCOX'S DIVISION.
Maj. Gen. CADMUS M. WILCOX.

Lane's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. JAMES H. LANE.

7th North Carolina,
        Lieut. Col. William Lee Davidson.
18th North Carolina,
        Col. John D. Barry.
28th North Carolina, -------- -------.
33d North Carolina,
        Lieut. Col. Robert V. Cowan.
37th North Carolina,
        Col. William M. Barbour.

Scales' Brigade.
Brig. Gen. ALFRED M. SCALES.

13th North Carolina,
        Col. Joseph H. Hyman.
16th North Carolina,
        Col. William A. Stowe.
22d North Carolina, ------ -----.
34th North Carolina,
        Col. William L. J. Lowrance.
38th North Carolina,
        Lieut. Col. John Ashford.

McGowan' s Brigade.
Brig. Gen. SAMUEL McGOWAN.

1st South Carolina(Provisional Army),
        Lieut. Col. Washington P. Shooter.
12th South Carolina,
        Col. John L. Miller.
13th South Carolina,
        Col. Benjamin T. Brockman.
14th South Carolina,
        Col. Joseph N. Brown.
1st South Carolina (Orr's Rifles),
        Lieut. Col. George McD. Miller.

Thomas' Brigade.
Brig. Gen. EDWARD R. THOMAS.

14th Georgia, ----- -----
35th Georgia, ----- ----
45th Georgia, ----- ----
49th Georgia,
        Lieut. Col. John T. Jordan.

ARTILLERY.
Col. R. LINDSAY WALKER.

Poague's Battalion.
Lieut. Col. WILLIAM T. POAGUE.

Richards' (Mississippi) battery.
Utterback's (Virginia) battery.
Williams' (North Carolina) battery.
Wyatt's (Virginia) battery.

Pegram's Battalion.
Lieut. Col. WILLIAM J. PEGRAM.

Brander's (Virginia) battery.
Cayce's (Virginia) battery.
Ellett's (Virginia) battery.
Marye's (Virginia) battery.
Zimmerman's (South Carolina) battery.

McIntosh' s Battalion.
Lieut. Col. DAVID G. MCINTOSH.

Clutter's (Virginia) battery.
Donald's (Virginia) battery.
Hurt's (Alabama) battery.
Price's (Virginia) battery.

Cutts' Battalion.
Col. ALLEN S. CUTTS.

Patterson's (Georgia) battery.
Ross' (Georgia) battery.
Wingfield's (Georgia) battery.

Richardson's Battalion.
Lieut. Col. CHARLES RICHARDSON.

Grandy's (Virginia) battery.
Landry's (Louisiana) battery.
Moore's (Virginia) battery.
Penick's (Virginia) battery

CAVALRY CORPS.
Maj. Gen. JAMES E. B. STUART.

HAMPTON'S DIVISION.
Maj. Gen. WADE HAMPTON.

Young's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. PIERCE M. B. YOUNG.

7th Georgia,
        Col. William P. White.
Cobb's (Georgia) Legion,
        Col. G. J. Wright.
Phillips (Georgia) Legion,
20th Georgia Battalion,
        Lieut. Col. John M. Millen.
Jeff. Davis (Mississippi) Legion,---- -----

Rosser's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. THOMAS L. ROSSER.

7th Virginia,
        Col. Richard H. Dulany.
11th Virginia,----- -----.
12th Virginia.
        Lieut. Col. Thomas B. Massie.
35th Virginia Battalion, ------ -------.

Butler's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. MATTHEW C. BUTLER.

4th South Carolina,
        Col. B. Huger Rutledge.
5th South Carolina,
        Col. John Dunovant.
6th South Carolina,
        Col. Hugh K. Aiken.

FITZHUGH LEE'S DIVISION.
Maj. Gen. FITZHUGH LEE.

Lomax's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. LUNSFORD L. LOMAX.

5th Virginia,
        Col. Henry C. Pate.
6th Virginia,
        Col. John S. Green.
15th Virginia,
        Col. Charles R. Collins.

Wickham's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. WILLIAMS C. WlCKHAM.

1st Virginia, ------ ------.
2d Virginia,
        Col. Thomas T. Munford,
3d Virginia,
        Col. Thomas H. Owen.
4th Virginia, ----- -----.

WILLIAM H. F. LEE'S DIVISION.
Maj. Gen. WILLIAM H. F. LEE.

Chambliss' Brigade.
Brig. Gen. JOHN R. CHAMBLISS, Jr.

9th Virginia, ----- -----.
10th Virginia, ------ ------.
13th Virginia, ---- ------.

Gordon's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. JAMES B. GORDON.

1st North Carolina, ------- -------.
2d North Carolina,
        Col. Clinton M. Andrews.
5th North Carolina,
        Col. Stephen B. Evans.

HORSE ARTILLERY.
Maj. R. PRESTON CHEW.

Breathed's Battalion.
Maj. JAMES BREATHED.

Hart's (South Carolina) battery.
Johnston's (Virginia) battery.
McGregor's (Virginia) battery.
Shoemaker's (Virginia) battery.
Thomson's (Virginia) battery.

Source: Official Records of the Union and Confederate

Recommended Reading: Cold Harbor: Grant and Lee, May 26-June 3, 1864, by Gordon C. Rhea (Hardcover). Description: In his gripping volume on the spring 1864 Overland campaign--which pitted Ulysses S. Grant against Robert E. Lee for the first time in the Civil War--Gordon Rhea vividly re-creates the battles and maneuvers from the North Anna stalemate through the Cold Harbor offensive. Rhea's tenacious research elicits stunning new facts from the records of a phase oddly ignored or mythologized by historians. The Cold Harbor of these pages differs sharply from the Cold Harbor of popular lore. We see Grant, in one of his most brilliant moves, pull his army across the North Anna River and steal a march on Lee. In response, Lee sets up a strong defensive line along Totopotomoy Creek, and the battles spark across woods and fields northeast of Richmond. Continued below…

Their back to the Chickahominy River and on their last legs, the rebel troops defiantly face an army-wide assault ordered by Grant that extends over three hellish days. Rhea gives a surprising new interpretation of the famous battle that left seven thousand Union casualties and only fifteen hundred Confederate dead or wounded. Here, Grant is not a callous butcher, and Lee does not wage a perfect fight. Every imaginable primary source has been exhausted to unravel the strategies, mistakes, gambles, and problems with subordinates that preoccupied two exquisitely matched minds. In COLD HARBOR, Rhea separates fact from fiction in a charged, evocative narrative. He leaves readers under a moonless sky, Grant pondering the eastward course of the James River fifteen miles south of the encamped armies. About the Author: Gordon Rhea is the author of three previous books, a winner of the Fletcher Pratt Literary Award, a frequent lecturer throughout the country on military history, and a practicing attorney.

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Recommended Reading: Not War But Murder: Cold Harbor 1864. Library Journal: On June 3, 1864, the Union Second, Sixth, and Eighteenth Corps assaulted Confederate breastworks at Cold Harbor outside Richmond, VA. The resulting bloodbath amounted to U.S. Grant's worst defeat and "Bobby" Lee's final great victory. In his latest book, native Virginian and Baltimore Sun correspondent Furgurson (Chancellorsville, 1863) vividly retells the well-known story of how the friction between Grant and his insecure direct subordinate, George Meade, poisoned the Army of the Potomac's whole chain of command. Continued below…

By contrast, he depicts Lee as a commander beset by poor health and impossible logistical problems who brilliantly deployed his meager forces and soundly thrashed his overconfident adversary, thereby saving the rebel capital and extending an unwinnable war by nearly a year. The book is rich in word pictures and engaging anecdotes. Furgurson considers the wounded that were left to suffer with the dead between the lines while Lee and Grant quibble over protocols of recovery; the disastrous affect of poor maps and impassable terrain on the Federal assault; and Grant's immediate need to bring Lincoln a battlefield victory before the 1864 presidential election. Furgurson's contribution is his evocative retelling of a great American military tragedy.

 

Recommended Reading: Bloody Roads South: The Wilderness to Cold Harbor, May-June 1864, by Noah Andre Trudeau. Description: "Nobody has brought together in one volume so many eyewitness accounts from both sides."-Civil War History Winner of the Fletcher Pratt Award. In this authoritative chronicle of the great 1864 Overland Campaign in Virginia, Noah Andre Trudeau vividly re-creates the brutal forty days that marked the beginning of the end of the Civil War. In riveting detail Trudeau traces the carnage from the initial battles in Virginia's Wilderness to the gruesome hand-to-hand combat at Spotsylvania's "Bloody Angle," to the ingenious trap laid by Lee at the North Anna River, to the killing ground of Cold Harbor. Through fascinating eyewitness accounts, he relates the human stories behind this epic saga. Continued below…

Common soldiers struggle to find the words to describe the agony of their comrades, incredible tales of individual valor, their own mortality. Also recounting their experiences are the women who nursed these soldiers and black troops who were getting their first taste of battle. The raw vitality of battle sketches by Edwin Forbes and Alfred R. Waud complement the words of the participants. PRAISE FOR THE BOOK: "Bloody Roads South is a powerful and eloquent narrative of the costliest, most violent campaign of the Civil War. Grant vs. Lee in the Wilderness, at Spotsylvania, and at Cold Harbor has never been told better."-Stephen W. Sears, author of The Landscape Turned Red. About the Author: Noah Andre Trudeau is an executive producer for cultural programs at National Public Radio in Washington, D.C. He is the author of Out of the Storm: The End of the Civil War, April-June 1865 and The Last Citadel: Petersburg, Virginia, June 1864-April 1865.

 

Recommended Reading: Trench Warfare under Grant and Lee: Field Fortifications in the Overland Campaign (Civil War America) (Hardcover) (The University of North Carolina Press) (September 5, 2007). Description: In the study of field fortifications in the Civil War that began with Field Armies and Fortifications in the Civil War, Hess turns to the 1864 Overland campaign to cover battles from the Wilderness to Cold Harbor. Continued below...

Drawing on meticulous research in primary sources and careful examination of trench remnants at the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, North Anna, Cold Harbor, and Bermuda Hundred, Hess describes Union and Confederate earthworks and how Grant and Lee used them in this new era of field entrenchments.

 

Recommended Reading: Field Armies and Fortifications in the Civil War: The Eastern Campaigns, 1861-1864 (Civil War America) (Hardcover). Description: The eastern campaigns of the Civil War involved the widespread use of field fortifications, from Big Bethel and the Peninsula to Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Charleston, and Mine Run. While many of these fortifications were meant to last only as long as the battle, Earl J. Hess argues that their history is deeply significant. The Civil War saw more use of fieldworks than did any previous conflict in Western history. Hess studies the use of fortifications by tracing the campaigns of the Army of the Potomac and the Army of Northern Virginia from April 1861 to April 1864. Continued below... 

He considers the role of field fortifications in the defense of cities, river crossings, and railroads and in numerous battles. Blending technical aspects of construction with operational history, Hess demonstrates the crucial role these earthworks played in the success or failure of field armies. He also argues that the development of trench warfare in 1864 resulted from the shock of battle and the continued presence of the enemy within striking distance, not simply from the use of the rifle-musket, as historians have previously asserted. Based on fieldwork at 300 battle sites and extensive research in official reports, letters, diaries, and archaeological studies, this book should become an indispensable reference for Civil War historians.

 

Recommended Reading: The Battlefield of Cold Harbor, Hanover County, Virginia, 1864 (Map). Review: The site of Robert E. Lee and his Army of Northern Virginia's last Civil War Victory is one of astonishment, battlefield courage, and horrific carnage… This work includes the most complete, accurate and detailed maps of the battle of Cold Harbor ever published. Watercolor and colored pencil map showing farms, mills, entrenchments, watercourses, woods, fields and residences are all meticulously detailed and scaled to perfection. Continued below...

The reverse side includes an account of Union mapping at Cold Harbor; full color reproduction of the Army of the Potomac’s Overland Campaign theater map; and photographs of two prominent Union topographical engineers, W. H. Paine and W.A. Roebling. A welcome addition to every Civil War buff’s library as well as the individual that appreciates detailed topographical maps. FIVE STARS.

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