General George Pickett

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General George Pickett
Compiled Military Service Record

George Edward Pickett  (Confederate)

 

Pickett, George Edward, born in Virginia, appointed from
Illinois cadet United States Military Academy, July 1, 1842;
graduated forty-ninth in a class of fifty-six.

Biographical data and notes:
- Born Jan 28, 1825, in Richmond
- George Edward Pickett died on Jul 30, 1875

 

U.S. Army Compiled Military Service Record

Brevet second lieutenant, Eighth Infantry, July 1, 1846.

Second lieutenant, Second Infantry, March 3, 1847;
transferred to Seventh Infantry, July 13, 1847; transferred to
Eighth Infantry, July 18, 1847.

 

Brevet first lieutenant, August 20, 1847, for gallant and
meritorious conduct in the battles of Contreras and
Churubusco, Mexico, and Brevet Captain, September 13, 1847,
for gallant conduct in the battle of Chapultepec, Mexico.

First lieutenant, June 28, 1849.

Captain, Ninth Infantry, March 3, 1855.

Resigned June 25, 1861.

 

C.S. Army Compiled Military Service Record

 

Enlistment:
- Enlisted on Oct 10, 1862, as a General Officer

Promotions:
- Promoted to Major (Full, Army) (date not indicated)
- Promoted to Brig-Gen (Full, Vol) (date not indicated)
- Promoted to Colonel (Full, Vol) (date not indicated)
- Promoted to Major-Gen (Full, Vol) (date not indicated)

 

Major, Corps of Artillery, C. S. A., March 16, 1861.
* * * * * *
Brigadier general, P. A. C. S., January 14, 1862.
Major general, P. A. C. S., October 10, 1862.

 

Commands.

July 23, 1862, commanding Third Brigade, Longstreet's
Division, Army of Northern Virginia.

Brigade composed of the Eighth, Eighteenth, Nineteenth,
Twenty-eighth and Fifty-sixth Virginia Regiments Infantry,
Army of Northern Virginia.

August 13, 1862, commanding division in Longstreet's
Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, composed of the brigades of
Garnett, Armistead, Kemper and Jenkins. Corse's Brigade was
afterward added.

Commanding Department of North Carolina, September 23,
1863.

August 31, 1864, commanding a division in First Corps,
Army of Northern Virginia.

January 31, 1865, same command.

Sources: General Officers of the Confederate States of America; Confederate Military History, (1987)

Recommended Reading: Pickett, Leader of the Charge: A Biography of General George E. Pickett, C.S.A. Publishers Weekly: This first modern biography of the man who led the final Confederate attack at Gettysburg depicts neither an archetypical cavalier nor a shallow incompetent. Though Pickett's promotion owed something to the patronage of his superior Lt. Gen. James Longstreet, he had an excellent record of brigade command and did as well on July 3, 1863, as anyone was likely to have done in the circumstances. Continued below.

Nevertheless, Pickett lost the confidence of Robert E. Lee and spent most of the rest of the war on peripheral assignments in North Carolina and southern Virginia. Performing adequately under direct supervision, Pickett showed no aptitude for independent command despite some successes, notably in organizing the defenses of Petersburg in 1864. Longacre's sympathy for his subject leads him both to overestimate Pickett's military capacities and to understate Gettysburg's impact on a man who in its aftermath arguably suffered from what is now called post-traumatic stress disorder. This work is still a useful addition to the literature on Confederate command in the Civil War.

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Recommended Reading: Pickett And His Men, by La Salle Corbell Pickett (448 pages). Description: A graduate of West Point Academy and classmate of such military notables as George B. McClellan and Thomas J. Jackson, George Edward Pickett began his Confederate career as a Colonel, then rose to the rank of Brigadier General, in which capacity he served under General James Longstreet at the Seven Days' Campaign in January of 1862, and finally to the rank of Major General later that same year. He is perhaps best known for commanding the ill-fated charge up Seminary Ridge at the Battle of Gettysburg. Continued below.

After the war, he fled to Canada and was denied a full pardon until only one year before his death in 1875. LaSalle Corbell Pickett spent the rest of her life honoring her husband and shaping his image as a Confederate hero and this book is the product of her efforts. I am unaware of a single Pickett biography that doesn't quote this book. This work also allows the reader the opportunity to walk in the shoes of George Pickett. Highly recommended for the Civil War buff and anyone remotely interested in the Battle of Gettysburg.

 

Recommended Reading: Into the Fight: Pickett's Charge at Gettysburg. Description: Challenging conventional views, stretching the minds of Civil War enthusiasts and scholars as only John Michael Priest can, Into the Fight is both a scholarly and a revisionist interpretation of the most famous charge in American history. Using a wide array of sources, ranging from the monuments on the Gettysburg battlefield to the accounts of the participants themselves, Priest rewrites the conventional thinking about this unusually emotional, yet serious, moment in our Civil War. Continued below.

Starting with a fresh point of view, and with no axes to grind, Into the Fight challenges all interested in that stunning moment in history to rethink their assumptions. Worthwhile for its use of soldiers’ accounts, valuable for its forcing the reader to rethink the common assumptions about the charge, critics may disagree with this research, but they cannot ignore it.

 

Recommended Reading: Pickett's Charge, by George Stewart. Description: The author has written an eminently readable, thoroughly enjoyable, and well-researched book on the third day of the Gettysburg battle, July 3, 1863. An especially rewarding read if one has toured, or plans to visit, the battlefield site. The author's unpretentious, conversational style of writing succeeds in putting the reader on the ground occupied by both the Confederate and Union forces before, during and after Pickett's and Pettigrew's famous assault on Meade's Second Corps. Continued below.

Interspersed with humor and down-to-earth observations concerning battlefield conditions, the author conscientiously describes all aspects of the battle, from massing of the assault columns and pre-assault artillery barrage to the last shots and the flight of the surviving rebels back to the safety of their lines… Having visited Gettysburg several years ago, this superb volume makes me want to go again.

 

Recommended Reading: Pickett's Charge: Eyewitness Accounts At The Battle Of Gettysburg (Stackpole Military History Series). Description: On the final day of the battle of Gettysburg, Robert E. Lee ordered one of the most famous infantry assaults of all time: Pickett's Charge. Following a thundering artillery barrage, thousands of Confederates launched a daring frontal attack on the Union line. From their entrenched positions, Federal soldiers decimated the charging Rebels, leaving the field littered with the fallen and several Southern divisions in tatters. Written by generals, officers, and enlisted men on both sides, these firsthand accounts offer an up-close look at Civil War combat and a panoramic view of the carnage of July 3, 1863.

 

Recommended Reading: Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg (Hardcover). Description: Pickett's Charge is probably the best-known military engagement of the Civil War, widely regarded as the defining moment of the battle of Gettysburg and celebrated as the high-water mark of the Confederacy. But as Earl Hess notes, the epic stature of Pickett's Charge has grown at the expense of reality, and the facts of the attack have been obscured or distorted by the legend that surrounds them. With this book, Hess sweeps away the accumulated myths about Pickett's Charge to provide the definitive history of the engagement. Continued below.

Drawing on exhaustive research, especially in unpublished personal accounts, he creates a moving narrative of the attack from both Union and Confederate perspectives, analyzing its planning, execution, aftermath, and legacy. He also examines the history of the units involved, their state of readiness, how they maneuvered under fire, and what the men who marched in the ranks thought about their participation in the assault. Ultimately, Hess explains, such an approach reveals Pickett's Charge both as a case study in how soldiers deal with combat and as a dramatic example of heroism, failure, and fate on the battlefield.

 
Recommended Viewing! The American Civil War (DVD Megaset) (2009) (A&E Television Networks-The History Channel) (14 DVDs) (1697 minutes) (28 Hours 17 Minutes + extras). Experience for yourself the historical and personal impact of the Civil War in a way that only HISTORY can present in this moving megaset™, filled with over 28 hours of American Civil War content. This MEGASET is the most comprehensive American Civil War compilation to date and is the mother of all Civil War documentaries. A multifaceted look at “The War Between the States,” this definitive collection brings the most legendary Civil War battles, and the soldiers and leaders who fought them, vividly to life. From Gettysburg and Antietam to Shiloh, and led by the likes of Sherman, McClellan, Grant, Beauregard, Lee, Davis, and Jackson, delve into the full military and political contexts of these men, their armies, and the clashes between them. Continued below.
Almost 150 years after Lee’s surrender at Appomattox Court House, the unexpected secrets and little-known stories from Civil War history are divulged with fascinating detail. Cutting-edge CGI and accurate dramatizations illustrate archival letters and original diary entries, and the country’s most renowned historians describe the less familiar incidents that add perspective and depth to the war that divided a nation. If the DVDs in this Megaset were purchased separately, it could cost hundreds of dollars. This one-of-a-kind compilation belongs on the shelf of every Civil War buff, and if you know anyone that is interested in the most costliest and bloodiest war in American history, buy this, they will love it.
THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR contains the following programs:
* The Most Daring Mission Of The Civil War
* April 1865
* Battlefield Detectives: The Civil War (3 Episodes): Antietam, Gettysburg, Shiloh
* Secret Missions Of The Civil War
* The Lost Battle Of The Civil War
* Tales Of The Gun: Guns Of The Civil War
* Eighty Acres Of Hell
* Lincoln
* Investigating History: Lincoln: Man Or Myth
* Man, Moment, Machine: Lincoln & The Flying, Spying Machine
* Conspiracy?: Lincoln Assassination
* High Tech Lincoln
* Sherman’s March
* The Hunt For John Wilkes Booth
* Civil War Combat (4 Episodes): The Hornets’ Nest At Shiloh, The Bloody Lane At Antietam, The Wheatfield At Gettysburg, The Tragedy At Cold Harbor
* Civil War Journal (8 Episodes): John Brown's War, Destiny At Fort Sumter, The Battle of 1st Bull Run, The 54th Massachusetts, West Point Classmates—Civil War Enemies, Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson, Sherman And The March To The Sea
BONUS FEATURES:
* Full-Length Documentary “Save Our History: Sherman’s Total War Tactics”
* Behind the Scenes Featurettes for “Sherman’s March” and “Lincoln”

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