Lane's Brigade

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Lane's Brigade, aka Lane's North Carolina Brigade

Lane's Brigade: Pender's Division: Third Army Corps:

Lane's Brigade
Lane's Brigade.jpg
Gen. Jame Henry Lane

THIRD ARMY CORPS
Lt. General Ambrose P. Hill  

PENDER'S DIVISION- Maj. General William D. Pender; Brig. General James H. Lane; and Maj. General Isaac R. Trimble 

Lane's Brigade- Brig. Gen. James Henry Lane; Colonel Clark M. Avery
7th North Carolina- Capt. J. Mcleod Turner; Capt. James G. Harris
18th North Carolina- Col. John D. Barry
28th North Carolina- Col. Samuel D. Lowe; Lt. Col. W. H. A. Speer
33rd North Carolina- Col. Clark M. Avery
37th North Carolina- Col. William M. Barbour

 

Lane's brigade, also known as Lane's North Carolina Brigade, consisted of the 7th, 18th, 28th, 33rd and 37th North Carolina Regiments and it fought it many of the major battles of the Civil War. The Brigade was initially commanded by General Lawrence Branch, who was killed at the Battle of Antietam (also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg). The 7th and 18th appear upon Colonel Fox's percentage table: in the seven days' fight lost 56 per cent. The numerical loss for the brigade was 807. At Chancellorsville it had 739 killed and wounded. In the history of this battle by Col. Hamlin, of Maine, the conduct of this brigade is spoken of very highly. In Longstreet's assault, as it moved over the field, the two wings of its right regiment parted company, and at the close of the assault were several hundred yards apart. The point of direction for the assaulting column was a small cluster of trees opposite to and in front of Archer's brigade, and while the rest of the line dressed on this brigade, by some misunderstanding, four and a half regiments of Lane's dressed to the left. It went some distance beyond the Emmittsburg Road, but fell back to that road, where it remained fighting 'till all the rest of the line had given way, when it was withdrawn by General Trimble. In a St. Louis paper, a Union veteran gave an account of what transpired under his observation at Spotsylvania: His command had been repulsed and was being driven by Lane's brigade, when he was shot down. As the victorious line swept by, a Confederate was struck, falling near him. The conduct of a young officer, whose face was radiant with the joy of battle, had attracted his attention, and he asked his wounded neighbor who he was. His reply was, "That's Capt. Billy McLaurin, of the 18th North Carolina, the bravest man in Lee's army."

OUR ARMY'S MARCH INTO PENNSYLVANIA

June 27: Anderson's Division marched through Chambersburg to Fayetteville; Heth's Division marched from Sharpsburg toward Hagerstown, Md., and onto camp several miles south of Waynesborough, PA; Pender's Division camped near Fayetteville, PA.
June 28: Heth's Division marched to Fayetteville, PA; Anderson remained near Fayetteville. Pender's Division camped near Fayetteville. June 29: Heth's Division moved from Fayetteville to Cashtown; Pender's Division camped vicinity of Fayetteville, PA.
June 30: Heth's Division at Cashtown and
Pettigrew's Brigade sent to scout the Gettysburg area; Pender's Division moved from Fayetteville toward Cashtown and camped in pass of South Mountain.
July 1: Heth's and Pender's Divisions march from Cashtown to Gettysburg; Anderson's Division marches from Fayetteville, via Cashtown, to Gettysburg.

Gettysburg Order of Battle (ANV and AoP)

Lane's Brigade at Gettysburg

July 1. Crossed Willoughby Run about 3.30 P.M. and advanced on the right of the Division in the final and successful movement against the Union forces on Seminary Ridge. Held back Union Cavalry which threatened the flank and had a sharp conflict at the stone wall on Seminary Ridge, which is just south of Fairfield Road.
July 2. Lay with its right in McMillan's Woods
with skirmish line advanced.
July 3. In
Longstreet's assault -- the Brigade supported the center of Pettigrew's Division advancing in good order under the storm of shot and shell. And when near the Union works north of the Angle, pushed forward to aid the fragments of the front line in the final struggle and was among the last to retire.
July 4. After night withdrew and began the march to Hagerstown.

Present 1355: Killed 41, Wounded 348, Missing 271: Total 660

The Histories of the Regiments of Lane's Brigade:

7th Infantry Regiment was organized at Camp Mason, near Graham, North Carolina, in August 1861. Its members were recruited in the counties of Iredell, Alexander, Cabarrus, Rowan, New Hanover, Mecklenburg, Nash, and Wake. The unit took an active part in the fight at New Bern, then moved to Virginia. It was assigned to General Branch's, Law's, and Lane's Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. After fighting at Hanover Court House, it participated in the various campaigns of the army from the Seven Days Battles to Cold Harbor, then was involved in the Siege of Petersburg south and north of the James River. The regiment sustained 51 casualties at New Bern, 253 out of the 450 engaged during the Seven Days Battles, 69 at Second Manassas and Ox Hill, 52 at Sharpsburg, and 86 at Fredericksburg. There were 37 killed and 127 wounded at Chancellorsville, and of the 291 in action at Gettysburg, thirty-one percent were disabled. It lost 5 killed, 62 wounded, and 37 missing at the Wilderness, and 11 killed and 28 wounded at Spotsylvania. On February 26, 1865, the unit was ordered to North Carolina where it surrendered with the Army of Tennessee with 13 officers and 139 men. A detachment surrendered at Appomattox with 1 officer and 18 men. The field officers were Reuben P. Campbell, William L. Davidson, and Edward G. Haywood; Lieutenant Colonel Junius L. Hill; and Majors Edward D. Hall, James G. Harris, Robert B. McRae, John M. Turner, and Robert S. Young.

 

18th Infantry Regiment, formerly the 8th Volunteers, was organized in July 1861 at Camp Wyatt, near Carolina Beach, North Carolina. Its members were from Wilmington and the counties of Robeson, New Hanover, Bladen, Columbus, and Richmond. It moved to South Carolina, returned to North Carolina, and then in the spring of 1862 proceeded to Virginia. The 18th served in General Branch's and Lane's Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. After fighting at Hanover Court House, it participated in various conflicts of the army from the Seven Days Battles to Cold Harbor. It continued the fight in the trenches of Petersburg south of the James River and ended the war at Appomattox. This unit was organized with 1,100 men, lost fifty-seven percent of the 396 engaged during the Seven Days Battles, and reported 14 casualties at Cedar Mountain, and 12 at Second Manassas. There were 13 killed and 77 wounded at Fredericksburg and 30 killed and 96 wounded at Chancellorsville. Of the 346 in action at Gettysburg, about twenty-five percent were disabled. It surrendered 12 officers and 81 men. The field officers were Colonels John D. Barry, Robert H. Cowan, Thomas J. Purdie, and James D. Radcliffe; Lieutenant Colonels Forney George, John W. McGill, and Oliver P. Meares; and Majors George Tait and Thomas J. Wooten. Officers and Men Present, 18th NCT (April 9, 1865)

 

28th Infantry Regiment was organized and mustered into Confederate service in September 1861 at High Point, North Carolina. Its members were from the counties of Surry, Gaston, Catawba, Stanley, Montgomery, Yadkin, Orange, and Cleveland. The unit advanced to New Bern and arrived just as the troops were withdrawing from that fight. Ordered to Virginia in May 1862, it was assigned to General Branch's and Lane's Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. It fought at Hanover Court House and many conflicts of the army from the Seven Days Battles to Cold Harbor. The 28th was involved in the long Petersburg siege south of the James River and the Appomattox operations. It arrived in Virginia with 1,199 men, lost thirty-three percent of the 480 engaged during the Seven Days Battles, and had 3 killed and 26 wounded at Cedar Mountain, and 5 killed and 45 wounded at Second Manassas. The regiment reported 65 casualties at Fredericksburg and 89 at Chancellorsville. Of the 346 in action at Gettysburg, more than forty percent were killed, wounded, or missing. It surrendered 17 officers and 213 men. Its commanders were Colonels James H. Lane, Samuel D. Lowe, and William H. A. Speer; Lieutenant Colonels William D. Barringer and Thomas L. Lowe; and Majors William J. Montgomery, Richard E. Reeves, and S. N. Stowe. Officers and Men Surrendered, 28 NC Regt., (April 9, 1865)

 

33rd Infantry Regiment completed its organization at the old fair grounds at Raleigh, North Carolina, in September 1861. The men were recruited in the counties of Iredell, Edgecombe, Cabarrus, Wilkes, Gates, Hyde, Cumberland, Forsyth, and Greene. After fighting at New Bern, the unit relocated to Virginia and saw action at Hanover Court House. It served under Generals Branch and Lane and participated in the campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Days Battles to Cold Harbor. Later it took its place in the Petersburg trenches and was involved in the Appomattox operations. This regiment sustained 75 casualties during the Seven Days Battles, 36 at Cedar Mountain, 8 at Second Manassas, and 41 at Fredericksburg. It lost forty-two percent of the 480 engaged at Chancellorsville, and twenty percent of the 368 at Gettysburg. The unit reported 4 killed and 19 wounded at Spotsylvania, and 5 killed, 29 wounded, and 4 missing at Jericho Mills. On April 9, 1865, it surrendered 11 officers and 108 men. The field officers were Colonels Clark M. Avery, Lawrence O. Branch, and Robert V. Cowan; Lieutenant Colonels Robert F. Hoke and J. H. Saunders; and Majors William G. Lewis, Thomas W. Mayhew, and James A. Weston.

 

37th Infantry Regiment, organized by Colonel C. C. Lee, was assembled at High Point, North Carolina, in November 1861. The men were raised in the counties of Buncombe, Watauga, Mecklenburg, Wake, Ashe, Alexander, and Gaston. The unit fought at New Bern, then moved to Virginia in the spring of 1862. It was assigned to General Branch's and Lane's Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. The 37th saw action at Hanover Court House and participated in many campaigns of the army from the Seven Days Battles to Cold Harbor. It continued the fight in the Petersburg trenches and around Appomattox. This regiment reported 125 casualties during the Seven Days' Battles, 15 at Cedar Mountain, 81 at Second Manassas, 93 at Fredericksburg, and 235 at Chancellorsville. Of the 379 engaged at Gettysburg, more than thirty percent were disabled. It surrendered 10 officers and 98 men. The field officers were Colonels William M. Barbour and Charles C. Lee; Lieutenant Colonel John B. Ashcraft, Charles N. Hickerson, and William G. Morris; and Majors Jackson L. Bost, Owen N. Brown, John G. Bryan, Rufus M. Rankin, and William R. Rankin. Soldier's Letter from the 37th Regiment

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Sources: Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies; Auburn University Archives; University of North Carolina (Chapel Hill); Gettysburg National Military Park; Southern Historical Society Papers; Walter Clark, Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great War 1861-1865; National Park Service: American Civil War; National Park Service: Soldiers and Sailors System; Weymouth T. Jordan and Louis H. Manarin, North Carolina Troops, 1861-1865; and D. H. Hill, Confederate Military History Of North Carolina: North Carolina In The Civil War, 1861-1865.

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