List of Union Generals Killed and Mortally Wounded in Battle

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List of Union Generals Killed during the Civil War

 

Introduction

 

We often associate the rank of general with a cushy desk job and little if any combat risk, but during the Civil War the Union Army general often led his brigade or division into the fray, resulting in high casualties. Some common questions asked: Who was the highest ranking Union general killed in battle? Where or in which battle did the highest ranking Union general die? How many generals died in combat? The answers vary, with some generals being wounded and captured, only to be listed as dead, meaning mortally wounded, in some field hospital. The list contains the Union generals killed in battle, with location and statement of death. Presently, the main reason why generals rarely lead men on any battlefield, is because generals, the leaders, can't be readily replaced. While combat has also evolved from Napoleonic charges to high technology warfare, we have learned some very important lessons from previous wars. Japan, in World War Two, lost its best generals and leaders during battle, only to be left with inexperienced officers who found themselves forced into battle without proper training and leadership, thus resulting in very high casualties. So today's generals must always be leading as well as training each generation to become the best generation of generals and leaders. So, how many Union generals were killed during the Civil War? Which Civil War battle claimed the most generals in killed? You will also notice on the list that there were several colonels killed during battle, but although each held the rank of colonel, they were fulfilling the responsibilities and duties of a brigadier general at the time of their death.

List of Union Generals Killed or Mortally Wounded in Battle

General Officers Killed in Action

Army Commanders.

Major-General James B McPherson

 Army of Tennessee

 Killed at Atlanta

Corps Commanders

Major-General Joseph K Mansfield  12th A C  Killed at Antietam
Major-General John F  Reynolds  1st A C  Killed at Gettysburg
Major-General John Sedgwick  6th A C  Killed at Spotsylvania

Division Commanders

Major-General Isaac I Stevens  Killed at Chantilly
Major-General Philip Kearny  Killed at Chantilly
Major-General Jesse L  Reno  Killed at South Mountain
Major-General Israel B  Richardson  Killed at Antietam
Major-General Amiel W  Whipple  Killed at Chancellorsville
Major-General Hiram G  Berry  Killed at Chancellorsville
Brevet Major-General James S  Wadsworth  Killed at Wilderness
Brevet Major-General David A  Russell  Killed at Opequon
Brigadier-General William H Wallace  Killed at Shiloh
Brigadier-General Thomas Williams  Killed at Baton Rouge
Brigadier-General James S  Jackson  Killed at Chaplin Hills
Brigadier-General Isaac P  Rodman  Killed at Antietam
Brigadier-General Thomas G  Stevenson  Killed at Spotsylvania
Brevet Brigadier-General James A  Mulligan  Killed at Winchester (1863)

Brigade Commanders

Major-General George C Strong  Killed at Fort Wagner
Brevet Major-General Alexander Hays  Killed at Wilderness
Brevet Major-General S K  Zook  Killed at Gettysburg
Brevet Major-General Frederick Winthrop  Killed at Five Forks
Brevet Major-General Thomas A Smyth  Killed at Farmville
Brigadier-General Nathaniel Lyon  Killed at Wilson's Creek
Brigadier-General Robert L McCook  Killed at Decherd, Tenn
Brigadier-General Henry Bohlen  Killed at Freeman's Ford
Brigadier-General George W Taylor  Killed at Manassas
Brigadier-General William R Terrill  Killed at Chaplin Hills
Brigadier-General Pleasant A Hacklemall  Killed at Corinth
Brigadier-General George D Bayard  Killed at Fredericksburg
Brigadier-General Conrad F Jackson  Killed at Fredericksburg
Brigadier-General Joshua W Sill  Killed at Stones River
Brigadier-General Edward P Chapin  Killed at Port Hudson
Brigadier-General Stephen W Weed  Killed at Gettysburg
Brigadier-General Elon J. Farnsworth  Killed at Gettysburg
Brigadier-General Strong Vincent  Killed at Gettysburg
Brigadier-General William H Lytle  Killed at Chickamauga
Brigadier-General William P Sanders  Killed at Knoxville
Brigadier-General Samuel A Rice  Killed at Jenkins' Ferry
Brigadier-General James C Rice  Killed at Spotsylvania
Brigadier-General Charles G Harker  Killed at Kenesaw Mountain
Brigadier-General Daniel McCook  Killed at Kenesaw Mountain
Brigadier-General Hiram Burnham  Killed at Fort Harrison
Brigadier-General Daniel D Bidwell  Killed at Cedar Creek
Brigadier-General Charles R Lowell  Killed at Cedar Creek
Brevet Brigadier-General Arthur H Dutton  Killed at Bermuda Hundred
Brevet Brigadier-General Griffin A Stedman  Killed at Petersburg
Brevet Brigadier-General George D Wells  Killed at Cedar Creek
Brevet Brigadier-General J H Kitching  Killed at Cedar Creek
Brevet Brigadier-General Sylvester G Hill  Killed at Nashville

       

There were also 23 Brevet Brigadier-Generals who were killed in action, but who were without brigade commands. They were regimental or staff officers whose brevets, in most instances, dated from the day they were killed. There were 35 general officers who died of disease during the war. Among them were several prominent and able officers-- Generals Sumner, C. F. Smith, Birney, Mitchel, Welsh, Buford, Corcoran, Ransom, Crocker, and other noted generals.
        A large number of brigades were commanded by Colonels, some of whom held a brigade command for a long time, during which they displayed marked ability, but without any recognition of their services on the part of the Government. The list of Brigadiers killed in action would convey an erroneous impression as to the losses in that grade,, unless accompanied by a supplementary list of the other brigade commanders who also lost their lives in battle.
        The following list is composed of Colonels who had been entrusted with brigades, and were exercising such commands at the time of their death. They were men of noble spirits, intrepid soldiers, whose gallantry and ability had won the admiration and respect of all.

Killed in Action

Brigade Commanders, With Rank of Colonel

Colonel Edward D Baker  71st Pennsylvania  Ball's Bluff
Colonel Julius Raith  43d Illinois  Shiloh
Colonel Everett Peabody  25th Missouri  Shiloh
Colonel George Webster  98th Ohio  Chaplin Hills
Colonel John A Koltes  73d Pennsylvania  Manassas
Colonel William B Goodrich  60th New York  Antietam
Colonel George W Roberts  42d Illinois  Stones River
Colonel Frederick Schaefer  2d Missouri  Stones River
Colonel George C Spear  61st Pennsylvania  Marye's Heights
Colonel David S Cowles  128th New York  Port Hudson
Colonel George B Boomer  26th Missouri  Vicksburg
Colonel Edward E Cross  5th New Hampshire  Gettysburg
Colonel George L Willard  125th New York  Gettysburg
Colonel Eliakim Sherrill  126th New York  Gettysburg
Colonel Haldinand S Putnam  7th New Hampshire  Fort Wagner
Colonel James E Mallon  42d New York  Bristoe Station
Colonel Edward A King  68th Indiana  Chickamauga
Colonel Hans C Heg  15th Wisconsin  Chickamauga
Colonel Philemon P Baldwin  6th Indiana  Chickamauga
Colonel William R Creighton  7th Ohio  Ringgold
Colonel Patrick E Burke  66th Illinois  Rome Cross Roads
Colonel Orlando H Morris  66th New York  Cold Harbor
Colonel Lewis O Morris  7th New York (H A)  Cold Harbor
Colonel Henry Boyd McKeen  81st Pennsylvania  Cold Harbor
Colonel Frank A Haskell  36th Wisconsin  Cold Harbor
Colonel Jeremiah C Drake  112th New York  Cold Harbor
Colonel Richard Byrnes   28th Massachusetts  Cold Harbor
Colonel Patrick Kelly  88th New York  Petersburg
Colonel William Blaisdell  11th Massachusetts  Petersburg
Colonel Simon Mix  3d New York Cavalry  Petersburg
Colonel Calvin A Craig  105th Pennsylvania  Deep Bottom
Colonel Nathan T Dushane  1st Maryland  Weldon Railroad
Colonel Joseph Theburn  1st West Virginia  Cedar Creek
Colonel Louis Bell  4th New Hampshire  Fort Fisher

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Source:
 
Regimental Losses In the American Civil War
1861-1865, Fox's Regimental Losses, Chapter IV.

A Treatise On the Extent and Nature of the Mortuary Losses in the Union
Regiments.  With Full and Exhaustive Statistics Compiled From The Official
Records On File in The State Military Bureaus And At Washington

By William F. Fox, Lt. Col., U.S.V.

President Of the Society Of The Twelfth Army Corps, Late President Of The
10th N.Y. Veteran Volunteers' Association and Member of the New York
Historical Society

Albany, N.Y.
Albany Publishing Company
1889

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