General Robert E. Lee and Maryland Proclamation
General Robert E. Lee's Proclamation Letter to the
People of Maryland
|General Lee and Maryland Proclamation
|Maryland Civil War Map
Maryland during the Civil War was a "border state," a state with sympathies divided between the Union
and the Confederacy. Slavery was legal in Maryland, and
Marylanders fought for both the North and the South. Many people believed that Maryland would
join the Confederacy, but President Lincoln had applied extreme measures to hold it in the Union.
While his army was in Frederick, General Robert E. Lee issued this proclamation on September 8, 1862.
To the People of Maryland:
Headquarters Army N. Virginia
8th September, 1862
It is right that you should know the purpose that brought the Army under my
command within the limits of your State, so far as that purpose concerns yourselves.
The People of the Confederate States have long watched with the deepest sympathy
the wrongs and outrages that have been inflicted upon the citizens of a Commonwealth, allied to the States of the South by
the strongest social, political and commercial ties.
They have seen with profound indignation their sister State deprived of every
right, and reduced to the condition of a conquered Province.
Under the pretense of supporting the Constitution, but in violation of its most valuable provisions, your citizens have been arrested and imprisoned upon no charge,
and contrary to all forms of law; the faithful and manly protest against this outrage made by the venerable and illustrious
Marylanders to whom in better days, no citizens appealed for right in vain, was treated with scorn and contempt; the government
of your chief city has been usurped by armed strangers; your legislature has been dissolved by the unlawful arrest of its
members; freedom of the press and of speech, of the Federal Executive, and citizens ordered to be tried by a military commission
for what they may dare to speak.
Believing that the People of Maryland possessed a spirit too lofty to submit
to such a government, the people of the south have long wished to aid you in throwing off this foreign yoke, to enable you
to again enjoy the inalienable rights of free men, and restore independence and sovereignty to your State.
|Maryland and Lee's Proclamation
|State of Maryland Map
In obedience to this wish, our Army has come among you, and is prepared to
assist you with the power of its arms in regaining the rights of which you have been despoiled.
This, Citizens of Maryland, is our mission, so far as you are concerned.
No constraint upon your free will is intended, no intimidation is allowed.
Within the limits of this Army, at least, Marylanders shall once more enjoy
their ancient freedom of thought and speech.
We know no enemies among you, and will protect all of every opinion.
It is for you to decide your destiny, freely and without constraint.
This army will respect your choice whatever it may be, and while the Southern
people will rejoice to welcome you to your natural position among them, they will only welcome you when you come of your own
R. E. Lee, General Commanding
Campaign (Military Campaigns of the Civil War). Description: The Maryland campaign
of September 1862 ranks among the most important military operations of the American Civil War. Crucial political, diplomatic,
and military issues were at stake as Robert E. Lee and George B. McClellan maneuvered and fought in the western part of the
state. The climactic clash came on September 17 at the battle of Antietam, where more than
23,000 men fell in the single bloodiest day of the war. Continued below...
topics related to Lee's and McClellan's operations from a variety of perspectives, numerous contributors to this volume explore
questions regarding military leadership, strategy, and tactics, the impact of the fighting on officers and soldiers in both
armies, and the ways in which participants and people behind the lines interpreted and remembered the campaign. They also
discuss the performance of untried military units and offer a look at how the United States Army used the Antietam battlefield as
an outdoor classroom for its officers in the early twentieth century. Also available in paperback: The Antietam Campaign (Military Campaigns of the Civil War)
The Maryland Campaign of September 1862: Ezra A. Carman's
Definitive Study of the Union and Confederate Armies at Antietam (Hardcover).
Description: Completed in the early 1900s, The Maryland
Campaign of September 1862 is still the essential source for anyone seeking understanding of the bloodiest day in all of American
history. As the U.S. War Department’s official expert on the Battle of Antietam, Ezra Carman corresponded with and interviewed
hundreds of other veterans from both sides of the conflict to produce a comprehensive history of the campaign that dashed
the Confederacy’s best hope for independence and ushered in the Emancipation Proclamation. Nearly a century after its
completion, Carman's manuscript has finally made its way into print, in an edition painstakingly edited, annotated, and indexed
by Joseph Pierro. The Maryland Campaign of September 1862 is a crucial document for anyone interested in delving below the
surface of the military campaign that forever altered the course of American history. Continued below...
Chief Historian, Antietam
"The Ezra Carman
manuscript is the definitive study of that bloody September day in 1862. By editing it Joseph Pierro has done a tremendous
service to the field of Civil War studies. Indeed, this work is one of the most important Civil War publications to come out
James M. McPherson,
author of Crossroads of Freedom: Antietam
of Civil War battles were written in the decades after the war by soldiers who had participated in them. None rivals in accuracy
and thoroughness Ezra Carmen's study of the battles of South Mountain
and Antietam, in which he fought as colonel of the 13th New Jersey.
Students of the 1862 Maryland campaign have long relied
on this manuscript as a vital source; Joseph Pierro's scrupulous editorial work has now made this detailed narrative accessible
to everyone. A splendid achievement."
Jeffry D. Wert,
author of The Sword Of Lincoln: The Army of the Potomac
"At last, after
a century, Ezra A. Carman's The Maryland Campaign of September 1862 has received the attention it deserves. A Union veteran,
Carman authored a remarkable primary study of the critical operations that ended along Antietam Creek. Editor Joseph Pierro
has given students of the Civil War and American history a most welcome and long overdue book."
Edwin C. Bearss,
author of Fields of Honor: Pivotal Battles of the Civil War
to the Ezra A. Carman Papers at the Library of Congress and National Archives came in the spring of 1961. I was astounded
and amazed by their depth and scope. The correspondence, troop movement maps, etc, along with Carman's unpublished manuscript
on the Antietam Campaign constitutes then as now an invaluable legacy to the American people by Carman and the veterans of
Antietam. But for too long that resource has only been available to the general public as
microfilm or by traveling to Washington. Now thanks to the
publishers and skilled, knowledgeable, sympathetic, but light-handed editor Joseph Pierro, an annotated copy of Carman's masterpiece
The Maryland Campaign of September 1862 will be available to the public."
Davis, author of Look Away! A History of the Confederate States of America
brings into the open one of the great and largely unknown masterworks of Civil War history. Ezra Carman's work on Antietam is a fountainhead for study of that pivotal battle, written by a man who was in the fight and
who spent most of his life studying and marking the battlefield. No student can afford to ignore this stunningly thorough
and brilliantly edited classic."
Recommended Reading: Crossroads
of Freedom: Antietam (Pivotal Moments in American History) (Hardcover). Description: The bloodiest day in United States history was September
17, 1862, when, during the Civil War battle at Antietam, approximately 6,500 soldiers were
killed or mortally wounded, while more than 15,000 were seriously wounded. James M. McPherson states in Crossroads of Freedom the concise chronicle of America’s
bloodiest day and that it may well have been the pivotal moment of the war, as well as the young republic itself. Continued
The South, after a series of setbacks in the spring of 1862, had reversed
the war's momentum during the summer, and was on the "brink of military victory" and about to achieve diplomatic recognition
by European nations, most notably England and France.
Though the bulk of his book concerns itself with the details--and incredible carnage--of the battle, McPherson raises it above
typical military histories by placing it in its socio-political context: The victory prodded Abraham Lincoln to announce his
"preliminary" Emancipation Proclamation, freeing slaves. England and France deferred their economic alliance with the battered
secessionists. Most importantly, it kept Lincoln's party,
the Republicans, in control of Congress. McPherson's account is accessible, elegant, and economical. Also available in paperback:
Crossroads of Freedom: Antietam (Pivotal Moments in American
Recommended Reading: General Lee's
Army: From Victory to Collapse (Hardcover). Review: You cannot say that
University of North Carolina
professor Glatthaar (Partners in Command) did not do his homework in this massive examination of the Civil War–era lives
of the men in Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Glatthaar spent nearly 20 years examining and ordering primary source
material to ferret out why Lee's men fought, how they lived during the war, how they came close to winning, and why they lost.
Glatthaar marshals convincing evidence to challenge the often-expressed notion that the war in the South was a rich man's
war and a poor man's fight and that support for slavery was concentrated among the Southern upper class. Continued below.
included the rich, poor and middle-class, according to the author, who contends that there was broad support for the war in
all economic strata of Confederate society. He also challenges the myth that because Union forces outnumbered and materially
outmatched the Confederates, the rebel cause was lost, and articulates Lee and his army's acumen and achievements in the face
of this overwhelming opposition. This well-written work provides much food for thought for all Civil War buffs.
Recommended Reading: Robert E. Lee
on Leadership : Executive Lessons in Character, Courage, and Vision. Description: Robert E. Lee was a leader for the ages. The man heralded by Winston Churchill as
"one of the noblest Americans who ever lived" inspired an out-manned, out-gunned army to achieve greatness on the battlefield.
He was a brilliant strategist and a man of unyielding courage who, in the face of insurmountable odds, nearly changed forever
the course of history. "A masterpiece—the best work of its kind I have ever
read. Crocker's Lee is a Lee for all leaders to study; and to work, quite deliberately, to emulate." — Major
General Josiah Bunting III, Superintendent of the Virginia Military Institute. Continued below...
In this remarkable
book, you'll learn the keys to Lee's greatness as a man and a leader. You'll find a general whose standards for personal excellence
was second to none, whose leadership was founded on the highest moral principles, and whose character was made of steel. You'll
see how he remade a rag-tag bunch of men into one of the most impressive fighting forces history has ever known. You'll also
discover other sides of Lee—the businessman who inherited the debt-ridden Arlington plantation and streamlined its operations, the
teacher who took a backwater college and made it into a prestigious university, and the motivator who inspired those he led
to achieve more than they ever dreamed possible. Each chapter concludes with the extraordinary lessons learned, which can
be applied not only to your professional life, but also to your private life as well.
world requires leaders of uncommon excellence who can overcome the cold brutality of constant change. Robert E. Lee was such
a leader. He triumphed over challenges people in business face every day. Guided by his magnificent example, so can you.
and inspiring book, Robert E. Lee on Leadership offers enormously valuable lessons for all of us today, and should be required
reading in the White House, the State Department, and the Pentagon, at least."
Weinberger, former Secretary of Defense, chairman of Forbes magazine
"As Harry Crocker
reminds us, the principles that guided Robert e. Lee were grounded in the finest traditions of American values. Robert E.
Lee on Leadership is a timely and valuable reflection on character, and on the personal and spiritual convictions that make
for great leaders."
Patrick Presley, director of Federal Government Affairs, British Petroleum
"A moving and
illuminating look at Lee the man, so that thoughtful people can learn from him how to succeed in the business of life."
D'Souza, author of Ronald Reagan: How an Ordinary Man Became an Extraordinary Leader
has provided a great service by reminding us through this moving and tightly written biography that winning isn't the only
thing: faithfulness and honor live in our memories after the guns are silent."
Olasky, author of the bestselling Renewing American Compassion and The American Leadership Tradition
Recommended Reading: Lee's Lieutenants: A Study in Command (912 pages). Description: Hailed as one of the greatest Civil War books, this exhaustive study
is an abridgement of the original three-volume version. It is a history of the Army of Northern Virginia from the first
shot fired to the surrender at Appomattox - but what makes
this book unique is that it incorporates a series of biographies of more than 150 Confederate officers. The book discusses
in depth all the tradeoffs that were being made politically and militarily by the South. Continued below.
The book does an excellent job describing the battles, then
at a critical decision point in the battle, the book focuses on an officer - the book stops and tells the biography of that
person, and then goes back to the battle and tells what information the officer had at that point and the decision he made.
At the end of the battle, the officers decisions are critiqued based on what he "could have known and what he should have
known" given his experience, and that is compared with 20/20 hindsight. "It is an incredibly well written book!"
Sources: Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies; National
Park Service; National Archives and Records Administration; Library of Congress.