Native American Indian History
Recommended Viewing: 500 Nations (DVDs) (372 minutes). Description:
500 Nations is an eight-part documentary (more than 6 hours and that's not including its interactive CD-ROM filled with extra features) that
explores the history of the indigenous peoples of North and Central America, from pre-Colombian times through the period of
European contact and colonization, to the end of the 19th century and the subjugation of the Plains Indians of North America.
500 Nations utilizes historical texts, eyewitness accounts, pictorial sources and computer graphic reconstructions
to explore the magnificent civilizations which flourished prior to contact with Western civilization, and to tell the dramatic
and tragic story of the Native American nations' desperate attempts to retain their way of life against overwhelming odds.
Mention the word "Indian," and most will conjure up images inspired by myths and movies: teepees, headdresses,
and war paint; Sitting Bull, Geronimo, Crazy Horse, and their battles (like Little Big Horn) with the U.S. Cavalry. Those
stories of the so-called "horse nations" of the Great Plains are all here, but so is a great deal more. Using impressive computer
imaging, photos, location film footage and breathtaking cinematography, interviews with present-day Indians, books and manuscripts,
museum artifacts, and more, Leustig and his crew go back more than a millennium to present an fascinating account of Indians,
including those (like the Maya and Aztecs in Mexico and the Anasazi in the Southwest) who were here long before white men
ever reached these shores.
It was the arrival of Europeans like Columbus, Cortez, and DeSoto that marked the beginning
of the end for the Indians. Considering the participation of host Kevin Costner, whose film Dances with Wolves was highly
sympathetic to the Indians, it's no bulletin that 500 Nations also takes a compassionate view of the multitude of calamities--from
alcohol and disease to the corruption of their culture and the depletion of their vast natural resources--visited on them
by the white man in his quest for land and money, eventually leading to such horrific events as the Trail of Tears "forced
march," the massacre at Wounded Knee, and other consequences of the effort to "relocate" Indians to the reservations where
many of them still live. Along the way, we learn about the Indians' participation in such events as the American Revolution
and the War of 1812, as well as popular legends like the first Thanksgiving (it really happened) and the rescue of Captain
John Smith by Pocahontas (it probably didn't).
NEW! Recommended Viewing: We
Shall Remain (PBS) (DVDs) (420 minutes). Midwest Book Review: We Shall Remain is a three-DVD thinpack
set collecting five documentaries from the acclaimed PBS history series "American Experience", about Native American leaders
including Massasoit, Tecumseh, Tenskwatawa, Major Ridge, Geronimo, and Fools Crow, all who did everything they could to resist
being forcibly removed from their land and preserve their culture. Continued below...
Their strategies ranged from military action to diplomacy, spirituality,
or even legal and political means. The stories of these individual leaders span four hundred years; collectively, they give
a portrait of an oft-overlooked yet crucial side of American history, and carry the highest recommendation for public library
as well as home DVD collections. Special features include behind-the-scenes footage, a thirty-minute preview film, materials
for educators and librarians, four ReelNative films of Native Americans sharing their personal stories, and three Native Now
films about modern-day issues facing Native Americans. 7 hours. "Viewers will be amazed." "If you're keeping score, this program
ranks among the best TV documentaries ever made." and "Reminds us that true glory lies in the honest histories of people,
not the manipulated histories of governments. This is the stuff they kept from us." --Clif Garboden, The Boston Phoenix.
Cherokee Proud, Second Edition, by Tony Mack McClure. Description: Absolutely
the "Bible" of Cherokee Genealogy. New, 336 pages, 2nd Edition. If the information in this remarkable new book doesn't lead
a person to proof of their Cherokee roots, nothing can! “It is an A-to-Z on organizing and locating the requirements
/ qualifications for membership.” Continued below...
Are you Cherokee? Are you the individual
that has always been told that you are a Cherokee, but have no facts or records to prove it? To claim Cherokee membership
means that you must prove it – you must have the facts, so toss the doubt away, get the facts, and claim what is rightfully
your heritage by blood quantum. Now, are you ready to prove that you are a Cherokee? It’s not difficult if you take
the time to locate the facts. Included are proven resources for tracing your family genealogy, the family tree, roots, bloodline,
and for researching your ancestors to prove that you meet the blood requirements (qualifications) for Cherokee membership
and tribal enrollment. Those that qualify as “American Indians are American Indians” and are entitled to the rights
and benefits of the tribe! Also includes a proven “how to dos” written by the foremost expert in Cherokee
history, genealogy and heritage. Cherokee membership is not like joining a gym or paying dues, it’s your blood, so claim
it. Are you remotely interested in knowing that you are a “Cherokee Indian” or are you the individual that
enjoys genealogy? Do you want to locate and preserve your Native American ancestry? Finding information about ancestors for
genealogy and heritage is also a lot of fun. Moreover, you are preserving your own family history and heritage with your relatives
and loved ones for generations and generations… Take a look at exactly what is required to locate and organize
and present your information to prove that you meet the qualifications as a member of the Cherokee tribe. Cherokee Proud, by Tony McClure, is
referred to as the "Bible for Cherokee Genealogy." Cherokee Proud has
also been rated a SOLID FIVE STARS by every person that has read and rated it. To see if you meet the 'Cherokee qualification
and requirement for membership', then look no further -- purchase Cherokee Proud.
Read the reviews and see what people and organizations are saying about it.
"Cherokee Proud is the very
best book I have ever seen on tracing Cherokee genealogy." -- RICHARD PANGBURN, acclaimed author of Indian Blood, Vol. I &
II found in most libraries
"McClure unabashedly loosens
his journalistic standards for portions of this book which reach him too emotionally. Understood. Fascinating and enlightening."
BACK COVER: Among the people
of this country are individuals in whose blood runs the proud heritage of a noble and resilient people whose ways and talents
rank with the finest civilizations the world has known. They are the " Tsalagi ". . . the Cherokee. This book will help you
learn if you are one of them. -- BOOK READER
"The contents of Cherokee
Proud are exceptional - valuable information that can be used by so many readers and researchers who have Native American
(Cherokee) ancestry." -- DON SHADBURN, Famous Georgia historian and noted author of Unhallowed Intrusion and Cherokee Planters
"This Cherokee guide is
the best yet!" -- LAWTON CONSTITUTION
the Author: Well known and acclaimed Cherokee author Dr. Tony Mack McClure, a native of Tennessee, is a certified member
of the Native American Journalists Association, Wordcraft Circle of Native Writers and Storytellers, and Committeeman for
the Tennessee Chapter of the National Trail of Tears Association. His work has appeared in numerous magazines, over 250 newspapers,
on all major television networks and many cable systems.
Recommended Viewing: The
Trail of Tears: Cherokee Legacy (2006),
Starring: James Earl Jones and Wes Studi; Director: Chip Richie, Steven R. Heape. Description:
The Trail Of Tears: Cherokee Legacy is an engaging two hour documentary exploring one of America's darkest periods
in which President Andrew Jackson's Indian Removal Act of 1830 consequently transported Native Americans of the Cherokee Nation
to the bleak and unsupportive Oklahoma Territory
in the year 1838. Deftly presented by the talents of Wes Studi ("Last of the Mohicans" and "Dances with Wolves"), James Earl
Jones, and James Garner, The Trail Of Tears: Cherokee Legacy also includes narrations of famed celebrities Crystal Gayle,
Johnt Buttrum, Governor Douglas Wilder, and Steven R. Heape. Continued below...
Cherokee Nation members which add authenticity to the production… A welcome DVD addition to personal, school, and community
library Native American history collections. The Trail Of Tears: Cherokee Legacy is strongly recommended for its informative
and tactful presentation of such a tragic and controversial historical occurrence in 19th century American history.
Recommended Viewing: The
Great Indian Wars: 1540-1890 (2009) (230 minutes). Description: The year 1540 was a crucial turning point in American history. The Great Indian Wars were incited by Francisco Vazquez de Coronado when his expedition
to the Great Plains launched the inevitable 350 year struggle
between the white man and the American Indians. This series defines the struggles of practically every major American Indian tribe. It is also a fascinating study of the American Indians' beginnings
on the North American Continent, while reflecting the factional splits as well as alliances. Continued below...
Indian Wars is more than a documentary about the
battles and conflicts, wars and warfare, fighting tactics and strategies, and weapons of the American Indians. You will journey
with the Indians and witness how they adapted from the bow to the rifle, and view the European introduction of the horse to
the Americas and how the Indians adapted and perfected it for both hunting and
warfare. This fascinating documentary also reflects the migration patterns--including numerous maps--and the evolution
of every major tribe, as well as the strengths, weaknesses, and challenges of each tribe. Spanning nearly 4 hours and filled
with spectacular paintings and photographs, this documentary is action-packed from start to finish.
The Eastern Band of Cherokees, 1819-1900, by John R. Finger. Review from
University of Tennessee Press:
This volume presents the story of the Eastern Band of Cherokees during the nineteenth century. This group – the tribal
remnant in North Carolina that escaped removal in the 1830’s
– found their fortitude and resilience continually tested as they struggled with a variety of problems, including the
upheavals of the Civil War and Reconstruction, internal divisiveness, white encroachment on their lands, and a poorly defined
relationship with the state and federal governments. Yet despite such stresses and a selective adaptation in the face of social
and economic changes, the Eastern Cherokees retained a sense of tribal identity as they stood at the threshold of the twentieth
century. Continued below…
“Most scholars, like
most Cherokees, have tended to follow the Trail of Tears west with scarcely a backward glance at the more than 1,000 Indians
who stayed behind in the North Carolina mountains. In this pathbreaking book, John R. Finger combs federal, state,
and local archives to tell the story of these forgotten natives.”
-- Journal of Southern History
“This work is a significant
contribution to the literature on this long-ignored group….Finger works [his] sources well and out of them has produced
a narrative that is readable and that puts the Eastern Band of Cherokees as a tribal entity into a clear, historical perspective.”
-- American Historical Review
John R. Finger is professor of
history at the University of Tennessee,
History of the Cherokee Indians and Their Legends and Folklore (680 pages). Midwest Book Review: Originally published in 1921, History of the Cherokee Indians reprints a reference
originally created "for the purpose of perpetuating some of the facts relative to the Cherokee tribe, that might otherwise
be lost," in the words of author Emmet Starr. The result is a straightforward history of the Cherokee tribe with especial
attention upon the 1800's, an assortment of primary source writings, and thoroughly extensive genealogies of old Cherokee
families. Continued below…
Genealogists and anyone tracing Cherokee ancestry are sure to find History
of the Cherokee Indians especially illuminating; other readers curious about a more general history of the tribe will also
find a wealth of insightful information about the Cherokee's conflicts with other tribes, adoption of its constitution, emigrations,
treaties, and much more. A handful of black-and-white photographs illustrate this solid historical and genealogical accounting.
A Student's Guide to Native American Genealogy (Oryx American Family
Tree Series) (Hardcover). Description: This major contribution to young adult
genealogy studies helps create ethnic pride, self-esteem, and awareness of the extraordinary accomplishments each ethnic group
has brought to the American experience. Designed for use in grades 6-12, this important new series explores the creation of
the American people while promoting the use and understanding of solid research techniques. Oryx American Family Tree Series
enhances the social studies curriculum--especially the thematic strands in the New Curriculum Standards for Social Studies--
culture, time, continuity, and change; people, places and environment; individual development and identity; individuals, groups,
and institutions; power, authority, and governance; global connections. Continued below...
While using the volumes
in this series, young adults experience a uniquely personalized opportunity to practice the historians craft as they learn
how to collect data, obtain and evaluate documents and sources, use the latest electronic tools for researching, and conduct
and record eyewitness accounts of historical events in family life. The volumes carefully describe the challenges unique to
researching each ethnic group or region. Also explained are the "why" and "how" of tracing their roots if users are adopted
or come from nontraditional families. Also, each book in the series provides basic historical and cultural background information.
As young adults explore their cultural heritage, they gain self-esteem, personal identity, and ethnic pride. Each volume in
the Oryx American Family Tree Series is packed with hundreds of annotated bibliographic references for print, electronic,
and media sources, as well as many helpful organizations. Every book is lavishly illustrated with 4-color and black and white
photographs throughout and features a glossary and an index. The series is published in sturdy 6" x 9" casebound volumes of
approximately 200 pages printed on acid-free paper.
About the Author
E. Barrie Kavasch is a research
associate at the Institute for American Indian Studies in Washington, CT. She has
written and lectured extensively on Native American foods and healing plants. Her other publications include the highly acclaimed
book Native Harvests. Of Creek, Cherokee, and Powhatan descent, Ms. Kavasch can trace her own ancestry to the famous daughter
of Chief Powhatan, Pocahontas.
A Student's Guide
To Native American Genealogy gives young people the tools to discover their Native American roots, while giving their teachers
an easy way to enhance the curriculum -- whether it be social studies, history, or geography. Middle and High school students
learn how to collect data, obtain and evaluate documents and sources, use the latest electronic tools for researching, conduct
interviews, and record eyewitness accounts of historical events in family life. A Student's Guide To Native American Genealogy
lists annotated bibliographic references for print, electronic, and media sources, as well as many helpful organizations.
Barrie Kavasch provides historical and cultural Native American background and there are full color and b/w illustrative photographs
throughout. -- Midwest Book Review
“The work is nicely
done and appears to offer useful advice to the person wishing to explore this interesting aspect in the field of genealogy.”–ARBA
“...gives young people
the tools to discover their Native American roots, while giving their teachers an easy way to enhance the curriculum - whether
it be social studies, history or, geography.”–Children's Bookwatch
“Each volume provides
an easy to understand overview of the history of immigration and culture in the U.S. for the particular ethnic group....Where
these books shine, for the student and adult genealogist, is in the resource listings....For students, these books provide
a great way of getting started in geneology and learning about the life and heritage of their ancestors. For adult researchers
these books provide excellent resources to move beyond the genealogical books into learning about the history, culture and
experience of their ancestors.”–FGS Forum
“Librarians will drool
over the rich lode of resources identified in this book, and students will appreciate the straightforward, practical advice
in tracing genealogical roots....this book is a "must buy" if your library serves a Native-American population of any size....This
title will be useful for history or social studies classes and as a resource for librarians. If the other titles in this series
prove as useful and informative as this title, consider purchasing other ethnic groups as needed.”–Tena Natale
Litherland Head Librarian, Webb School Knoxville, Tennessee
Recommended Reading: Cherokee Connections, by Myra
Vanderpool Gormley. Description: Cherokee Connections is an introduction to genealogical sources pertaining to the Cherokee
nation, and it is designed specifically for researchers who are trying to prove their heritage for tribal membership as well
as for those who are simply interested in investigating family legends about Cherokee ancestry. Continued below...
All-important sources of genealogical value are explained with respect to the reasons why the various records
were generated and where they can be accessed today. This includes such well known records as the Dawes Commission records,
the Dawes Final Rolls, and the Guion Miller Rolls, to mention only a few.
A Cherokee Encyclopedia (Hardcover). Description: A Cherokee Encyclopedia
is a quick reference guide for many of the people, places, and things connected to the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokees,
as well as for the other officially recognized Cherokee groups, the Cherokee Nation and the Eastern Band of Cherokees. Continued
From A Cherokee Encyclopedia:
"Crowe, Amanda: Amanda
Crowe was born in 1928 in the Qualla Cherokee community in North Carolina. She was drawing and carving at the age
of 4 and selling her work at age 8. She received her MFA from the Chicago Arts Institute in 1952 and then studied in Mexico at the Instituto Allende in San Miguel under a John
Quincy Adams fellowship. She had been away from home for 12 years when the Cherokee Historical Association invited her back
to teach art and woodcarving at the Cherokee High School. . . ."
"Fields, Richard: Richard Fields was Chief of the Texas Cherokees from 1821 until his death in
1827. Assisted by Bowl and others, he spent much time in Mexico City, first with the Spanish
government and later with the government of Mexico,
trying to acquire a clear title to their land. They also had to contend with rumors started by white Texans regarding their
intended alliances with Comanches, Tawakonis, and other Indian tribes to attack San
Antonio. . . ."
Author: Robert J. Conley is the author of over seventy books. The
Wordcraft Circle of Native Writers and Storytellers
named him Wordcrafter of the Year for 1997. He has won numerous Spur Awards from the Western Writers of America and was presented
with the Cherokee Medal of Honor in 2000. An enrolled member of the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokees, Conley lives with
his wife, Evelyn, in Norman, Oklahoma.
Reading: Atlas of the North
American Indian. Description: This unique resource covers the entire history, culture, tribal
locations, languages, and lifeways of Native American groups across the United States,
Canada, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean. Thoroughly updated, Atlas of the
North American Indian combines clear and informative text with newly drawn maps to provide the most up-to-date political and
cultural developments in Indian affairs, as well as the latest archaeological research findings on prehistoric peoples. The
new edition features several revised and updated sections, such as "Self-Determination," "The Federal and Indian Trust Relationship
and the Reservation System," "Urban Indians," "Indian Social Conditions," and "Indian Cultural Renewal." Continued below...
Other updated information includes: a revised section
on Canada, including Nunavut, the first new Canadian territory created since 1949, with a population that is 85% Inuit; the
latest statistics and new federal laws on tribal enterprises, including a new section on "Indian Gaming"; and current information
on preferred names now in use by certain tribes and groups, such as the use of "Inuit" rather than "Eskimo."
Reading: 1491: New Revelations
of the Americas Before Columbus. Description: 1491 is not so much the story of a year, as of what that year stands for: the long-debated (and often-dismissed)
question of what human civilization in the Americas was like before the Europeans crashed the party. The history books most
Americans were (and still are) raised on describe the continents before Columbus as a vast, underused territory, sparsely populated by primitives
whose cultures would inevitably bow before the advanced technologies of the Europeans. For decades, though, among the archaeologists,
anthropologists, paleolinguists, and others whose discoveries Charles C. Mann brings together in 1491, different stories have
been emerging. Among the revelations: the first Americans may not have come over the Bering land bridge around 12,000 B.C.
but by boat along the Pacific coast 10 or even 20 thousand years earlier; the Americas were a far more urban, more populated,
and more technologically advanced region than generally assumed; and the Indians, rather than living in static harmony with
nature, radically engineered the landscape across the continents, to the point that even "timeless" natural features like
the Amazon rainforest can be seen as products of human intervention. Continued below...
Mann is well
aware that much of the history he relates is necessarily speculative, the product of pot-shard interpretation and precise
scientific measurements that often end up being radically revised in later decades. But the most compelling of his eye-opening
revisionist stories are among the best-founded: the stories of early American-European contact. To many of those who were
there, the earliest encounters felt more like a meeting of equals than one of natural domination. And those who came later
and found an emptied landscape that seemed ripe for the taking, Mann argues convincingly, encountered not the natural and
unchanging state of the native American, but the evidence of a sudden calamity: the ravages of what was likely the greatest
epidemic in human history, the smallpox and other diseases introduced inadvertently by Europeans to a population without immunity,
which swept through the Americas faster than the explorers who brought it, and left behind for their discovery a land that
held only a shadow of the thriving cultures that it had sustained for centuries before. Includes outstanding photos and maps.
Mooney's History, Myths, and Sacred Formulas of the Cherokees (768 pages). Description: This incredible volume collects the works of the early anthropologist
James Mooney who did extensive studies of the Eastern Cherokee Nation (those who remained in Appalachia) at the turn of the century.
The introduction is by Mooney's biographer and gives a nice overview of both Mooney and the Cherokee Nation, as
well as notes on Mooney's sources. It then goes straight into the first book "Myths of the Cherokee", which starts with a
history of the Cherokee Nation. Continued below...
It progresses from the earliest days, through de Soto, the Indian wars,
Tecumseh, the Trail of Tears, the Civil War and ultimately to 1900. Continuing, it explores Cherokee mythology and storytellers.
This book is truly monumental in its scope and covers origin myths, animal stories, Kanati and Selu, the Nunnehi and Yunwi'Tsundi
(little people), Tlanuwa (thunderbirds), Uktena (horned water snake), interactions with other Nations and numerous other myths,
as well as local legends from various parts of the Southeast (North Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia, etc). There is also a section
of herbal lore. Mooney closes with a glossary of Cherokee terms (in the Latin alphabet rather than the Sequoya Syllabary)
and abundant notes. We advance to the next book, Sacred Formulaes of the Cherokee, which covers a number of magical texts
amongst the Cherokee Nation. This book does a wonderful job talking about such manuals, mentioning how they were obtained,
going into depth about the Cherokee worldview and beliefs on magic, concepts of disease, healing ceremonies, practices such
as bleeding, rubbing and bathing, Shamanism, the use of wording, explanations of the formulae and so forth. It then gives
an amazingly varied collection of Cherokee formulae, first in the original Cherokee (again, in the Latin alphabet) and then
translated into English. Everything from healing to killing witches, to medicine for stick ball games, war and warfare. Both
books include numerous photographs and illustrations of famous historical figures, Cherokee manuscripts and petroglyphs and
a map of Cherokee lands. Again, this is a truly massive book and even today is considered one of the essential writings of
Cherokee religion. Anyone with an interest in the subject, whether anthropologist, descendant of the Cherokee or just a curious
person interested in Native culture, should definitely give this book a read. I highly recommend it.
Recommended Reading: Encyclopedia
of American Indian Contributions to the World: 15,000 Years of Inventions and Innovations (Facts on File Library of American
History) (Hardcover). Booklist: More than 450 inventions and innovations that
can be traced to indigenous peoples of North, Middle, and South America are described in this wonderful encyclopedia. Criteria
for selection are that the item or concept must have originated in the Americas, it must have been used by the indigenous
people, and it must have been adopted in some way by other cultures. Continued below...
of the innovations may have been independently developed in other parts of the world (geometry, for example, was developed
in ancient China, Greece, and the Middle East as well as in the Americas) but still fit all three criteria. The period of
time covered is 25,000 B.C. to the twentieth century. Among the entries are Adobe, Agriculture, Appaloosa horse breed, Chocolate,
Cigars, Diabetes medication, Freeze-drying, Hydraulics, Trousers, Urban planning, and Zoned biodiversity. Readers will find
much of the content revealing. The authors note that the Moche "invented the electrochemical production of electricity" although
they used it only for electroplating, a process they developed "more than a thousand years" before the Europeans, who generally
get the credit. The Aztec medical system was far more comprehensive than anything available in Europe at the time of contact.
Encyclopedia of American Indian Contributions to the World is an "Eyeopener to the innumerable contributions of the American
Indian to our nation and to world civilizations...."
awards it has won and some of the print reviews this book has received are listed below.
Winner 11th Annual
Book Award, Collections and Anthologies
Winner Wordcraft Circle of Native Writers and Storytellers Writer of
the Year, Creative Reference Work, 2002
Selected by Booklist
as Editors Choice Reference Source, 2002
"This is a well-written
book with fascinating information and wonderful pictures. It should be in every public, school, and academic library for its
depth of research and amazing wealth of knowledge. We've starred this title because it is eye-opening and thought-provoking,
and there is nothing else quite like it." Booklist Starred Review
informative, and inspiring book." Native Peoples Magazine
"I would strongly
urge anyone with a kernel of intellectual curiosity: teacher, administrator, researcher, lawyer, politician, writer, to buy
this book. I guarantee it will enlighten, stimulate and entertain...Native students and indigenous instructors must obtain
their own copies of the Encyclopedia. Whether Cree, Mayan or Penobscot they will find a deep source of pride on each and every
page. I can well imagine the excitement of Native teachers when they obtain the book followed by an eagerness to share its
contents with everyone within reach."
"I hope the Encyclopedia
will serve as the basis for an entirely new approach to Native history, one in which the scholar is liberated from the anti-Indian
texts of the recent past. Ideally, a copy of the Encyclopedia should be in every class in every school across the hemisphere." Akwesasne
Notes-Indian Time–Doug George-Kanentiio, Akwesasne Mohawk, co-founder of the Native American Journalists Association
and the Akwesasne Communications Society
for academic libraries keeping collections about American Indians." Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries
finally get their due in this award-winning book." American Indian Report
"A treasure trove
of information about the large range of technologies and productions of Indian peoples. This is indeed the most comprehensive
compilation of American Indian inventions and contributions to date. It is most worthwhile and should be on the bookshelves
of every library and home in America."
Indian Country Today
"This large, well-illustrated
volume is an excellent reference. One of the important strengths of the encyclopedia is that the information provided is balanced
and rooted in facts, not speculation. Highly recommended." Multicultural Review
"Far from the stereotypical
idea that Native Americans were uncultured and simple, possessing only uncomplicated inventions such as bows and arrows or
canoes, these varied cultures donated a rich assortment of ideas and items to the world. This book can be recommended to libraries
that support an interdisciplinary approach to student learning, such as units that integrate biology and culture studies projects."
VOYA: Voice of Youth Advocates
unique A to Z reference to the vast offerings made by the American Indians throughout history." Winds of Change (American
Indian Science and Engineering Society)
"We bought one for each center. It is
a GREAT resource." Ann Rutherford, Director Learning
Resources Center, Oglala Lakota College
"As I travel to conferences and host
presentations, I take your book as a reference and to show individuals. It allows science, engineering and math students to
gain insight into the traditional knowledge held about these and related subjects. I believe it empowers them to know this
knowledge is already within. To balance contemporary knowledge within that context creates a student who can experience a
topic from a number of perspectives." Jacqueline Bolman, Director, South Dakota School of Mines & Technology Scientific
Knowledge for Indian Learning and Leadership (SKILL)/NASA Honors Program
"…the three page introduction alone
makes this book a valuable resource as it sets forth the circumstances which led the invaders to change their initial writings
of wonder at the advanced native societies…I hope a way can be found to put this book in the hands of our youth and
all who touch them." Carter Camp, American Indian rights activist, Ponca tribal leader and founder of Kansas/Oklahoma AIM
Reading: Trail of Tears: The Rise and Fall of the Cherokee
Nation. Description: One of the many ironies of U.S. government policy toward Indians in the early 1800s is that it persisted in
removing to the West those who had most successfully adapted to European values. As whites encroached on Cherokee land, many
Native leaders responded by educating their children, learning English, and developing plantations. Such a leader was Ridge,
who had fought with Andrew Jackson against the British. Continued below...
As he and other
Cherokee leaders grappled with the issue of moving, the land-hungry Georgia legislators, with the aid of Jackson, succeeded
in ousting the Cherokee from their land, forcing them to make the arduous journey West on the infamous "Trail of Tears." ...A treasured addition for the individual remotely interested in American Indian history
as well as general American history.
The Cherokee Nation: A History. Description:
Conley's book, "The Cherokee Nation: A History" is an eminently readable, concise but thoughtful account of the Cherokee
people from prehistoric times to the present day. The book is formatted in such a way as to make it an ideal text for high
school and college classes. At the end of each chapter is a source list and suggestions for further reading. Also at the end
of each chapter is an unusual but helpful feature- a glossary of key terms. The book contains interesting maps, photographs
and drawings, along with a list of chiefs for the various factions of the Cherokee tribe and nation. Continued below...
addition to being easily understood, a principal strength of the book is that the author questions some traditional beliefs
and sources about the Cherokee past without appearing to be a revisionist or an individual with an agenda in his writing.
One such example is when Conley tells the story of Alexander Cuming, an Englishman who took seven Cherokee men with him to
England in 1730. One of the Cherokee, Oukanekah, is recorded as having said to
the King of England: "We look upon the Great King George as the Sun, and as our Father, and upon ourselves as his children.
For though we are red, and you are white our hands and hearts are joined together..." Conley wonders if Oukanekah actually
said those words and points out that the only version we have of this story is the English version. There is nothing to indicate
if Oukanekah spoke in English or Cherokee, or if his words were recorded at the time they were spoken or were written down
later. Conley also points out that in Cherokee culture, the Sun was considered female, so it is curious that King George would
be looked upon as the Sun. The "redness" of Native American skin was a European perception. The Cherokee would have described
themselves as brown. But Conley does not overly dwell on these things. He continues to tell the story using the sources available.
The skill of Conley in communicating his ideas never diminishes. This book is highly recommended as a good place to start
the study of Cherokee history. It serves as excellent reference material and belongs in the library of anyone serious about
the study of Native Americans.
Search Below for American Indian History: Documentaries and Movies
Recommended Native American Indian History for Teachers and Classroom: Movies, Documentary, Documentaries,
Book, Books, Educational Viewing DVDs, College / University, and High School Resources for Study, Studies, Lesson
Planning and Lessons for Education.