29th North Carolina Infantry Regiment: Record of Events

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Record of Events for the 29th North Carolina Infantry Regiment
January 1862-December 1863

[Webmaster's Note: Compiled Records Showing Service of Military Units, Official Records of the Confederate Armies. National Archives Microfilm Series M861, Roll #40: 29 NC Infantry.]

Field and Staff

[Note: no other record of events were reported.]

Regiment

Stationed at Knoxville, Tennessee, except Companies A and E, Loudon, Tennessee; Companies B and C, Chattanooga, Tennessee.. Company D, Charleston, Tennessee; Company F Lick Creek Bridge; Company G, Midway; Company H, Strawberry Plains; Company I, Morristown; Company K, Flat Creek Bridge, January 1862.
     Colonel [Robert Brank] Vance having been assigned to the command of the post at Knoxville. removed the Headquarters of this regiment to that site about the date of this return. No changes were made in the stations of companies during the month just ended. As will be seen from this return, the regiment is scattered over a line of railroad extending over 200 miles. In consequence. captain's morning reports come into Headquarters very irregularly. Printed blanks for company reports cannot always be obtained and when that is the case, the restarts are very rarely correct.
     John E. Hoey,
     Adjutant.

Stationed at Headquarters, Twenty-ninth Regiment, North Carolina Troops, Brandon, Mississippi, December 19, 1863.
     SIR: In compliance with your request, I send you a brief historical sketch of the Twenty-ninth Regiment, North Carolina Troops.
October 28-November 6, 1861. This regiment left Camp Vance in Buncombe County for Raleigh, North Carolina and arrived at that place November 6, where it was armed, equipped and furnished with uniforms.
November 25-30. Left Raleigh for Jonesborough, Tennessee and arrived at Haynesville Depot on the East Tennessee and Virginia Railroad (near Jonesborough) November 30. The regiment was immediately ordered by Colonel [Danville] Leadbetter (now general) to Cocke County, Tennessee to aid in dispersing a band of Tories, who were collecting in that section for treasonable purposes.
December 10. The regiment aided in doing this near Parrottsville, Tennessee. The regiment was then stationed by detachments at different posts and bridges on the railroad from Chattanooga to Haynesville Depot as guard.
February 20, 1862. The regiment remained thus scattered until ordered to Cumberland Gap. The garrison of Cumberland Gap was at this time under command of Colonel [James Edward] Rains (late General Rains).
March 24. The garrison was attacked by the Feds.
April 27. The garrison was attacked by the Feds. The regiment took an active part in repelling both assaults.
June 17. The regiment remained at this place until the Yankees, under General [George Washington] Morgan, having crossed the mountain below at Big Creek Gap, and were endeavoring to cut off our supplies, when the gap was evacuated by order of General [Edmund Kirby] Smith at night after destroying tents, heavy artillery, cooking utensils, etc., etc.
     At this time General [Carter Littlepage] Stevenson commanded the brigade of which the Twenty-ninth Regiment, North Carolina Troops made a part. The brigade fell back to Bean's Station, ten miles from Morristown, and remained in this section until August. General C. L. Stevenson was now Major-General and commanded the division and General J. E. Rains commanded the brigade formerly commanded by General Stevenson. General Stevenson's Division was now ordered to attack the enemy at Tazewell.
August 5. The attack was done, routing and driving them back to Cumberland Gap and besieged the place.
     The regiment, with one or two others, was detached under Colonel Vance to Baptist Gap, which is five miles south of Cumberland Gap.
September 17. Remained here until the Cumberland Gap was evacuated at night by the Feds.
September 18. The command moved through the gap into Kentucky and found nothing in the gap but the relics of the Federal Army. They had destroyed tents, cooking utensils, and left about 400 of their sick, who fell into our hands and were paroled.
September 19-October 2. The command took up the line of march through Kentucky via London, Lancaster, Danville, Harrodsburg, and Lawrenceburg to Frankfort, reaching the last named place October 2.

October 5-25. At night fell back from Frankfort to Versailles, fourteen miles. Camped at Versailles two or three days, then resumed the march and came out of Kentucky through Cumberland Gap, from thence to Bean's Station, Tennessee, which place we reached about dark October 25.
     Here we rested two or three days and then marched to Lenoir's Station on the East Tennessee and Georgia Railroad, having marched about 500 miles in forty days and nights.
November 15. The brigade of General Rains' being ordered to Normandy Station on the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad. We took the cars.
November 18. Arrived at Normandy Station, a distance of 175 miles.
November 28. Left Normandy and marched seventeen miles to Manchester.
December 7. Left that place and marched thirty-five miles to Readyville in three days. About this time Lieutenant-General E. K. Smith was sent to the Trans-Mississippi Department and Major-General C. L. Stevenson's Division to Vicksburg. General J. E. Rains' Brigade was transferred to Major-General [John Porter] McCown's Division, Lieutenant-General [Leonidas] Polk's Corps, General [Braxton] Bragg's Army.
December 18. The Twenty-ninth North Carolina Troops was detached from the brigade and left Readyville; marched to McMinnville, Tennessee and from there to Murfreesborough. Here we joined our old brigade.
December 31. Took an active part in the battle of Murfreesborough in which the Twenty-ninth Regiment lost about sixty men in killed and wounded.
January 4, 1863. By order of General Bragg the Army fell back to Shelbyville at night, a distance of twenty-five miles. During the battle General Rains was killed and Colonel R. B. Vance was assigned to the command of the brigade. General McCown being relieved from duty after the battle, the division was commanded by General [Alexander Peter] Stewart during our stay at Shelbyville. Brigadier-General [William Brimage] Bate was assigned to the command of General Rains' old brigade.
May 1. Colonel R. V. Vance returned to his regiment, where he remained until he was confined by sickness and left Shelbyville. The regiment was then ordered to the Mississippi Department.
May 12-18. Left Shelbyville being detached from General Bate's Brigade and sent by order of General Bragg to Jackson, Mississippi, arriving there May l 8.
     From thence we marched thirty miles to Canton. Here we took the train to Vaughan's Station on the Mississippi Central Railroad. Here the regiment was attached to a Georgia Brigade commanded by Colonel [Claudius Charles] Wilson, this brigade constituting a part of Major-General [William Henry Talbot] Walker's Division.
June l. General Walker's Division was ordered to Yazoo City and from there was ordered to Vernon, Mississippi.
June 12. General Joseph [Eggleston] Johnston, commanding the department, ordered the Nineteenth North Carolina Troops to remain and garrison Yazoo City.
July 13-27. It remained there until a division of Yankees came up Yazoo River in gunboats and compelled us to vacate the place. The regiment then marched across the county about 150 miles and joined General Johnston's Army at Morton, Mississippi. The regiment was immediately ordered by General Johnston to Meridian, Mississippi to do guard duty, etc. Arrived at Meridian by rail July 27.
August 24-30. The regiment was ordered to join General [Matthew Duncan] Ector's Brigade and proceeded to Chattanooga, Tennessee to join Bragg's Army. The brigade arrived at Chickamauga Station near Chattanooga August 30.
September 19-20. Marched to and from Ringgold, La Fayette, and other places until the great battle of Chickamauga commenced. The regiment was engaged until September 20 and sustained heavy loss both days, losing eighty in killed and wounded, and about thirty missing. The regiment fought in General Ector's Brigade, Walker's Division, [Daniel Harvey] Hill’s Corps.
September 23-October 2. Ector's Brigade was ordered back to Meridian, Mississippi and arrived there October 2.
December 5. Left Meridian and came south to Brandon, Mississippi, where we now are. Since we returned to Mississippi, Ector's Brigade to which the Twenty-ninth North Carolina Troops belongs, has been in Major—General [Samuel Gibbs] French's Division.

Your most respectfully, etc....
     [Bacchus] S. Proffitt,
     Lieutenant-Colonel,
     Commanding, Twenty-ninth North Carolina Troops.

     Major James H. Foote,
     Assistant Adjutant-General

[Note: no other record of events were reported.]

Courtesy of Jackson County [North Carolina] Genealogical Society; Copyright 1998-99 Jackson County Genealogical Society, Inc.

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