Texas Timeline (Detailed)
Texas Revolution through Texas Independence History
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|Texas Timeline: Texas Revolution to Texas Independence Map
The Texas Revolution: First Blood
1832 June 26 – Battle of Velasco results in the first casualties of
the developing Texas Revolution.
1832 -- Convention of 1832 convenes, triggered by rising unrest at the policies of the
Mexico City government.
1833 -- Antonio López de Santa Anna Perez de Lebron elected president.
-- Convention of 1833.
1834 -- Stephen F. Austin travels to Mexico City to present petitions to
the government on behalf of Texas. After some initial success in his negotiations, Austin came to an impasse and was imprisoned
without any specific charges.
1835 June 20 - William Travis and his militia free Anglo captives at second
Anahuac Disturbance; ejects soldiers back to Mexico.
1835 -- Stephen F. Austin announces that war with Mexico is necessary
to secure the freedom of Texas.
1835 September - George Fisher is banished from Mexico by order of Santa Anna, given six
days to wrap up his affairs in Matamoros. Leaves for New Orleans.
1835 September 1 – The Texas ship Laura attacks
the Mexican ship Correo de Mejico.
1835 September – Texan settlers at Gonzales refuse order by Domingo Ugartechea,
commander at San Antonio de Bexar, to return the cannon.
1835 September 20 – General Martin Perfecto de Cos, lands
at Copano with an advance force of ~300 troops, marches toward Goliad.
1835 September 29 – Ugartechea sends Lieutenant
Francisco Castañeda with 100 dragoons to force Gonzales settlers to return the cannon.
The Revolution: The Rebellion
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|Evolution Timeline of Texas Map
1835 October 2 - Gen. Cos occupies Goliad, soon receives ~450 reinforcements
and departs for San Antonio de Bexar, leaving a residual force of ~30 at Goliad.
1835 October 2 – Battle of Gonzales:
Revolution begins with battle following refusal by Texan Colonel John Henry Moore to return cannon to Castañeda, who retreats.
1835 October 9 – Battle of Goliad, Texians occupy presidio (stronghold) of La Bahia.
1835 October 11 –
Stephen F. Austin elected commander of the Volunteer Army of the People.
1835 October 13 – George Fisher and José
Antonio Mexía begin organize a movement in New Orleans to attack Tampico to instigate revolt among the eastern states of Mexico.
1835 October 28 – Battle of Concepción: 90 Texans defeat 400 Mexicans.
1835 November 1 – The thirty-four
day siege of San Antonio by the Texans begins.
1835 November 3 – Texans captures Fort Lipantitlan. The Consultation
meets in San Felipe de Austin to form a new government.
1835 November 4 – Battle of Nueces Crossing.
6 – The Tampico Expedition under José Antonio Mexía leaves New Orleans in the schooner Mary Jane.
14 – Schooner Mary Jane, commanded by Mexía, runs aground near Tampico.
1835 November 15 – Mexía attacks Tampico
and is defeated by Gregorio Gómez. Mexía retreats to American schooner, leaving 31 prisoners.
1835 November 26 –
James Bowie and James Fannin lead Texans in the Grass Fight.
1835 November 28 - Santa Anna leaves Mexico City with a 6,000-strong
Mexican Army, marching northward to take back Texas from the rebels.
1835 December 3 – Mexía arrives at the Brazos
River with the remnants of the failed Tampico Expedition.
1835 December 5 – Battle of Bexar starts.
10 – Mexican Gen. Martín Cos surrenders over 1,000 Mexican troops and the Alamo to Texan forces at San Antonio.
December 14 – Execution of 28 prisoners of the Tampico Expedition by order of Santa Anna.
1835 December 30 –
Santa Anna receives declaration from Mexican Congress that all foreigners taken in arms against the government should be treated
as pirates and shot.
1836 January 3 – James Grant and Frank Johnson are ordered to attack
Matamoros. They strip the Alamo of its supplies.
1836 January 6 – Santa Anna arrives at Saltillo.
14 – Sam Houston arrives at Goliad. J.C. Neill, commander at the Alamo, pleads for supplies.
1836 January 19 –
James Bowie and James Bonham arrive at the Alamo with thirty men.
1836 February 1 – Elections are held in settlements
across Texas for an independence convention.
1836 February 3 – William Travis arrives at the Alamo.
8 – David Crockett arrives at the Alamo.
1836 February 11 – Alamo commander J.C. Neill leaves the Alamo due
to a family illness. Travis appointed commander.
1836 February 13 – Santa Anna and his army reach the city of Guerrero.
Travis and Bowie agree upon joint command of the Alamo's forces.
1836 February 16 – Santa Anna crosses the Rio Grande.
1836 February 17 – Travis sends out letters pleading for men and supplies.
1836 February 21 – Santa Anna
arrives at the Medina River.
1836 February 22 – Texans celebrate George Washington's birthday with a party at Domingo
Bustillo's house on Soledad Street.
1836 February 23 – Santa Anna enters San Antonio. The Alamo comes under artillery
fire from Mexican troops.
1836 February 24 – Travis writes his famous "To the People of Texas & all Americans
in the world" letter. Bowie becomes ill.
1836 February 25 – Mexican artillery begin shelling the Alamo. Fannin receives
Travis' plea for aid.
1836 February 26 – James Fannin attempts his relief march to the Alamo, but turns back.
February 27 – Gen. José de Urrea attacks and defeats a small band of Texans at the Battle of San Patricio.
March 1 – Convention of 1836 of elected delegates convenes at Washington-on-the-Brazos. Thirty-two to sixty men from
Gonzales of the "Gonzales Company of Mounted Volunteers" enter the Alamo at 1:00 A.M.
Texas Declares Independence
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1836 March 2 – Texas Declaration of Independence is signed and the
Republic of Texas is declared. David G. Burnet is elected interim president by the delegates. Texans defeated at the Battle
of Agua Dulce.
1836 March 3 – James B. Bonham arrives back at the Alamo telling Travis
that Fannin was not coming.
1836 March 4 – Santa Anna holds a council of war with Generals Joaquín
Ramírez y Sesma, Martín Perfecto de Cos, Manuel F. Castrillón and Colonels Juan Almonte, Agustín Amat, Francisco Duque and
Manuel Romero to plan the final assault. Sam Houston is appointed commander of Texas forces.
1836 March 5 – Mexican
artillery stops shelling the Alamo.
1836 March 6 – Battle of the Alamo: the Alamo falls. Approximately 190-250 Texans,
Tejanos, and Anglos die. The thirteen-day siege resulted in the deaths of all of its defenders, including William B. Travis,
Davy Crockett, and Jim Bowie. The only known survivors are: Susanna Dickinson, her baby daughter, and a servant of Travis.
1836 March 8 – Mexican General Gaona arrives with his artillery at the Alamo.
1836 March 10 – Mexican
General Andrade arrives at the Alamo.
1836 March 11 – Houston begins his retreat from Gonzales precipitating the
1836 March 12 – Battle of Refugio begins: Texan troops commanded by Lt. Col. William Ward and Amos
King are attacked by General Urrea. After several hours of fighting, the Texans retreat. King's troops are captured by the
1836 March 19 – Battle of Coleto: General Urrea defeats Colonel James Fannin near Goliad. Fannin surrenders.
1836 March 21 – Battle of Copano.
1836 March 27 – Goliad Massacre: James Fannin and nearly 400 Texans
are executed by order of Santa Anna. Houston and his army camp near San Felipe de Austin.
1836 March 28 – Houston
orders Wiley Martin and Mosley Baker to guard his retreat thus delaying Santa Anna's crossing the Brazos River.
7 – Santa Anna's army reaches San Felipe and is pinned down by M. Baker's men.
1836 April 8 – Santa Anna joins
Ramirez y Sesma at Beason's Crossing.
1836 April 12 – Santa Anna crosses Fort Bend on the Brazos River; Houston
uses the boat Yellow Stone to cross the Brazos River. David G. Burnet and his cabinet barely escape the arriving Mexican army.
Colonel Almonte decides not to shoot the fleeing party.
1836 April 18 – Houston and his army arrive outside of Harrisburg.
1836 April 20 – Texan and Mexican patrols clash at Morgan's Point, Houston moves his army to Buffalo Bayou. J.C.
Neill is wounded and replaced by G.W. Hockley. A cavalry attack lead by Sidney Sherman engages the Mexican army.
April 21 – Battle of San Jacinto: Texan army under Sam Houston overwhelmingly defeats Mexican force under Santa Anna,
securing Texas independence. Santa Anna captured.
1836 April 23 - News of Santa Anna's defeat and capture reaches Santa
Anna's second-in-command, General Vicente Filiosa.
1836 April 25 - All Mexican troops in Texas (2,573 men) assemble at
Elizabeth Powell's Tavern near Old Fort, including General José de Urrea's troops, where in a council of war headed by Filiosa,
they agree to withdraw south of the Colorado River.
1836 April 28 - Retreating Mexican army crosses the Colorado River
at the Atascosito Crossing near present-date Columbus, Texas. Because of heavy rains and dwindling food and supplies, the
Mexicans continue to withdraw south.
1836 May 10 - Mexican army reaches the Atascosita
Road at Victoria.
1836 May 14 – Treaties of Velasco signed by Republic of Texas officials and General Santa Anna.
1836 May 17 - Mexican army arrives in Goliad.
1836 May 28 - Lead elements
of Mexican army arrive in San Patrico.
1836 May 31 - Mexican army arrives on the west bank of the Nueces River.
1836 June 5 - June 12 - Mexican army camps at Rancho Chiltipiquin. Extreme
heat from the summer season forces the army to further move on.
|Timeline: Republic of Texas Map
|Texas Timeline Map: Texas Revolution to Texas Independence
1836 June 15 - Filiosa, leading the defeated and demoralized Mexican army, crosses the Rio Grande River
back into Mexico and arrives at Matamoros, Tamaulipas.
Reading for Texas Revolution; Texas War of Independence; Battle of the Alamo.
Sources: Republic of Texas Historical Resources; Republic of Texas from
the Handbook of Texas Online; Texas: the Rise, Progress, and Prospects of the Republic of Texas, Vol. 1, published 1841,
hosted by Portal to Texas History; Texas: the Rise, Progress, and Prospects of the Republic of Texas, Vol. II, published 1841,
hosted by Portal to Texas History; Laws of the Republic, 1836-1838 from Gammel's Laws of Texas, Vol. 1. hosted by the Portal
to Texas History; Laws of the Republic, 1838-1845 from Gammel's Laws of Texas, Vol. II. hosted by the Portal to Texas History;
The Avalon Project at Yale Law School: Texas - From Independence to Annexation.
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