Army of the Potomac

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Army of the Potomac
Union Order of Battle
Battle of Antietam
 
Army of the Potomac

Major General George B. McClellan, commanding

FIRST CORPS
MGen. Joseph Hooker (w)
BGen George G. Meade
Escort: 2nd New York Cavalry (4 companies), Capt John E. Naylor

FIRST DIVISION
BGen John P. Hatch (w, 9/14)
BGen Abner Doubleday
First Brigade
Col Walter Phelps, Jr.
22nd New York Infantry, LtCol John McKie, Jr.
24th New York Infantry, Capt John D. O'Brian (w)
30th New York Infantry, Col William M. Searing
90th New York Infantry, (14th Militia), Maj. William H. de Bevoise
2nd U.S. Sharpshooters, Col Henry A. V. Post (w)

Second Brigade
BGen Abner Doubleday
Col William P. Wainwright (w, 9/14)
LtCol J. William Hofmann
7th Indiana Infantry, Maj Ira G. Grover
76th New York Infantry, Col William P. Wainwright, Capt John W. Young
95th New York Infantry, Maj Edward Pye
56th Pennsylvania Infantry, LtCol S. William Hofmann, Capt. Frederick Williams

Third Brigade
BGen Marsena R. Patrick
21st New York Infantry, Col William F. Rogers
23rd New York Infantry, Col Henry C. Hoffman
35th New York Infantry, Col Newton B. Lord
89th New York Infantry (20th Militia), LtCol Theodore B. Gates

Fourth Brigade
BGen John Gibbon
19th Indiana Infantry, Col Solomon Meredith, LtCol Alois O. Bachman (k),
Capt William W. Dudley
2nd Wisconsin Infantry, Col Lucius Fairchild (w, 9/14), LtCol Thomas S. Allen (w),
Capt George B. Ely
6th Wisconsin Infantry, LtCol Edward S. Bragg (w), Maj Rufus R. Dawes
7th Wisconsin Infantry, Capt John B. Callis

Artillery
Capt J. Albert Monroe
1st New Hampshire, Lt Frederick M. Edgell D
1st Rhode Island,Capt J. Albert Monro
L, 1st New York, Capt John A. Reynolds
B, 4th U.S., Capt Joseph B. Campbell (w), Lt James Stewart




SECOND DIVISION
BGen James B. Ricketts
First Brigade
BGen Abram Duryea
97th New York, Maj Charles Northrup
104th New York, Maj Lewis C. Skinner
105th New York, Col Howard Carroll (mw)
107th Pennsylvania, Capt James MacThomson

Second Brigade
Col William A. Christian
Col Peter Lyle (w)
26th New York, LtCol Richard H. Richardson
94th New York, LtCol Calvin Littlefield
88th Pennsylvania, LtCol George W. Gile (w), Capt Henry B. Myers
90th Pennsylvania, Col Peter Lyle, LtCol. William A. Leech

Third Brigade
BGen George L. Hartsuff (w)
Col Richard Coulter
12th Massachusetts, Maj Elisha Burbank (mw), Capt Benjamin F. Cook
13th Massachusetts, Maj J. Parker Gould
83rd New York (9th Militia), LtCol William Atterbury
11th Pennsylvania, Col Richard Coulter, Capt David M. Cook

Artillery
F, 1st Pennsylvania, Capt Ezra W. Matthews
C, Pennsylvania, Capt James Thompson




THIRD DIVISION
(Pennsylvania Reserves)
BGen George G. Meade
BGen Truman Seymour
First Brigade
BGcn Truman Seymour
Col R. Biddle Roberts
1st Pennsylvania, Col R. Biddle Roberts, Capt William C. Talley
2nd Pennsylvania, Capt James N. Byrnes
5th Pennsylvania, Col Joseph W. Fisher
6th Pennsylvania, Col William Sinclair
13th Pennsylvania (1st Rifles), Col Hugh W. McNeil (k, 9/16), Capt. Dennis McGee

Second Brigade
Col Henry C. Bolinger (w, 9/14)
Col Albert L. Magilton
3rd Pennsylvania, LtCol John Clark
4th Pennsylvania, Maj John Nyce
7th Pennsylvania, Col Henry C. Bolinger (w, 9/14) Maj Chauncey A. Lyman
8th Pennsylvania, Maj Silas M. Bailey

Third Brigade
Col Thomas F. Gallagher (w)
LtCol Robert Anderson
9th Pennsylvania, LtCol Robert Anderson, Capt Samuel B. Dick
10th Pennsylvania, LtCol Adoniram J. Warner (w), Capt Jonathan P. Smith
11th Pennsylvania, LtCol Samuel M. Jackson
12th Pennsylvania, Capt Richard Gustin

Artillery
A, 1st Pennsylvania, Lt John G. Simpson
B, 1st Pennsylvania, Capt James H. Cooper
C, 5th U. S., Capt Dunbar B. Ransom

SECOND CORPS
MGen Edwin V. Sumner
Escort: 6th New York Cavalry, Company D, Capt Henry W. Lyon
6th New York Cavalry, Company K, Capt Riley Johnson

FIRST DIVISION
MGen Israel B. Richardson (mw)
BGen John C. Caldwell
BGen Winfield S. Hancock

First Brigade
BGen John C. Caldwell
5th New Hampshire, Col Edward E. Cross (w)
7th New York, Capt Charles Brestel
61st and 64th New York, Col Francis C. Barlow (w), LtCol Nelson A. Miles
81st Pennsylvania, Maj H. Boyd McKeen

Second Brigade
BGen Thomas F. Meagher (w)
Col John Burke
29th Massachusetts, LtCol Joseph H. Barnes
63rd New York, Col John Burke, LtCol Henry Fowler (w),
Maj Richard C. Bentley (w), Capt Joseph O'Neill
69th New York, LtCol James Kelly (w), Maj James Cavanagh
88th New York, LtCol Patrick Kelly

Third Brigade
Col John R. Brooke
2nd Delaware, Capt David L. Stricker
52nd New York, Col Paul Frank
57th New York, LtCol Philip S. Parisen (k), Maj Alford B. Chapman
66th New York, Capt Julius Wehle, LtCol James H. Bull
53rd Pennsylvania, LtCol Richards McMichael

Artillery
B, 1st New York, Capt Rufus D. Pettit
A and C, 4th U. S., Lt Evan Thomas


SECOND DIVISION
MGen John Sedgwick (w)
BGen Oliver O. Howard

First Brigade
BGen Willis A. Gorman
15th Massachusetts, LtCol John W. Kimball
1st Minnesota, Col Alfred Sully
34th New York, Col James A. Suitor
82nd New York (2nd Militia), Col Henry W. Hudson
1st Company Massachusetts Sharpshooters, Capt John Saunders (k)
3rd Company Minnesota Sharpshooters, Capt William F. Russell

Second Brigade
BGen Oliver O. Howard
Col Joshua T. Owen
Col DeWitt C. Baxter
69th Pennsylvania, Col Joshua T. Owen
71st Pennsylvania, Col Isaac J. Wistar (w), Lt Richard P. Smith,
Capt Enoch E. Lewis
72nd Pennsylvania., Col DeWitt C. Baxter
106th Pennsylvania, Col Turner G. Morehead

Third Brigade
BGen Napoleon J. T. Dana (w)
Col Norman J. Hall
19th Massachusetts, Col Edward W. Hinks (w), LtCol Arthur F. Devereux (w),
Capt H. G. Weymouth
20th Massachusetts, Col William R. Lee
7th Michigan, Col Norman I. Hall, Capt. Charles J. Hunt
42nd New York, LtCol George N. Bomford (w), Maj James E. Mallon
59th New York, Col William L. Tidball

Artillery
A, 1st Rhode Island, Capt John A. Tompkins
I, 1st U.S., Lt George A. Woodruff


THIRD DIVISION
Gen William H. French

First Brigade
BGen Nathan Kimball
14th Indiana, Col William Harrow
8th Ohio, LtCol. Franklin Sawyer
132nd Pennsylvania, Col Richard A. Oakford (k), LtCol Vincent M. Wilcox
7th West Virginia, Col Joseph Snider

Second Brigade
Col Dwight Morris
14th Connecticut, LtCol Sanford H. Perkins
108th New York, Col Oliver H. Palmer
130th Pennsylvania, Col Henry I. Zinn

Third Brigade
BGen Max Weber (w)
Col John W. Andrews
1st Delaware, Col John W. Andrews, LtCol Oliver Hopkinson (w)
5th Maryland, Maj Leopold Blumenberg (w), Capt E. F. M. Faehtz
4th New York, LtCol John D. MacGregor

Unattached Artillery
G, 1st New York Capt. John D. Frank
B, 1st Rhode Island, Capt John G. Hazard
G, 1st Rhode Island, Capt. C. D. Owen

FIFTH CORPS
MGen Fitz John Porter
Escort: Detachment, 1st Maine Cavalry, Capt George J. Summat

FIRST DIVISION
MGen George W. Morell

First Brigade
Col James Barnes
2nd Maine, Col Charles W. Roberts
18th Massachusetts, LtCol Joseph Hayes
22nd Massachusetts, LtCol William S. Tilton
1st Michigan, Capt. Emory W. Belton
13th New York, Col Elisha G. Marshall
25th New York, Col Charles A. Johnson
118th Pennsylvania, Col Charles M. Prevost
2nd Company York Massachusetts Sharpshooters, Capt Lewis E. Wentworth

Second Brigade
BGen Charles Griffin
2nd D.C., Col Charles M. Alexander
9th Massachusetts, Col Patrick R. Guiney
32nd Massachusetts, Col Francis J. Parker
4th Michigan, Col Jonathan W. Childs
14th New York, Cal. James McQuade
62nd Pennsylvania, Col Jacob B. Sweitzer

Third Brigade
Col T. B. W. Stockton
20th Maine, Col Adelbert Ames
16th Michigan, LtCol Norval E.Welch
12th New York, Capt William Huson
17th New York, LtCol Nelson B. Bartram
44th New York, Maj Freeman Conner
83rd Pennsylvania, Capt Orpheus S. Woodward
Brady's Company, Michigan Sharpshooters, Lt Jonas H.Titus Jr.

Artillery
3rd Massachusetts, Capt Augustus P. Martin
C, 1st Rhode Island, Capt Richard Waterman
D, 5th U.S., Lt Charles E. Hazlett


SECOND DIVISION
BGen George Sykes

First Brigade
LtCol Robert C. Buchanan
3rd U.S., Capt John D. Wilkins
4th U.S., Capt Hiram Dryer
12th U.S. (1st Battalion), Capt Matthew M. Blunt
12th U.S. (2nd Battalion), Capt Thomas M. Anderson
14th U.S. (1st Battalion), Capt W. Harvey Brown
14th U.S. (2nd Battalion), Capt David B. McKibbin

Second Brigade
Maj Charles S. Lovell
1st and 6th U.S., Capt Levi C. Bootes
2nd and 10th U.S., Capt. John S. Poland
11th U.S., Capt DeLancey Floyd-Jones
17th U.S., Maj George L. Andrews

Third Brigade
Col Gouverneur K. Warren
5th New York, Capt Cleveland Winslow
10th New York, LCol John W. Marshall

Artillery
E and G, 1st U.S., Lt Alanson M. Randol
I, 5th U.S., Capt Stephen H. Weed
K, 5th U.S., Lt William E. Van Reed


THIRD DIVISION
(reached the field of Antietam Sept.18th)
BGen Andrew A. Humphreys

First Brigade
BGen Erastus B. Tyler
91st Pennsylvania, Col Edgar M. Gregory
126th Pennsylvania, Col. James G. Elder
129th Pennsylvania, Col Jacob G. Frick
134th Pennsylvania, Col Matthew S.Quay

Second Brigade
Col Peter H. Allabach
123rd Pennsylvania., Col John B.Clark
131st Pennsylvania, LtCol William B. Shaut
133rd Pennsylvania, Col Franklin B. Speakman
155th Pennsylvania, Col Edward J. Allen

Artillery
C, 1st New York, Capt Almont Barnes
L, 1st Ohio, Capt. Lucius N. Robinson

ARTILLERY RESERVE
LtCol William Hays
A, 1st Battalion New York, Lt Bernhard Wever
B, 1st Battalion New York, Lt Alfred von Kleiser
C, 1st Battalion New York, Capt Robert Langner
D, 1st Battalion New York, Capt Charles Kusserow
5th New York, Capt Elijah D. Taft
K, 1st U. S., Capt William M. Graham
G, 4th U. S., Lt Marcus P. Miller

SIXTH CORPS
MGen William B. Franklin
Escort: B and G, 6th Pennsylvania Cavalry, Capt H. P. Muirheid

FIRST DIVISION
MGen Henry W. Slocum

First Brigade
Col Alfred T. A. Torbert
1st New Jersey, LtCol Mark W. Collet
2nd New Jersey, Col Samuel L. Buck
3rd New Jersey, Col Henry W. Brown
4th New Jersey, Col William B. Hatch

Second Brigade
Col Joseph J. Bartlett
5th Maine, Col Nathaniel J. Jackson
16th New York, LtCol Joel J. Beaver
27th New York, LtCol Alexander D. Adams
96th Pennsylvania, Col Henry L. Cake

Third Brigade

BGen John Newton
18th New York, LtCol George R. Myers
31st New York, LtCol Francis H. Pinto
32nd New York, Col Roderick Matheson (mw, 9/14), Maj George F. Lemon (mw, 9/14)
95th Pennsylvania, Col Gustavus W. Town

Artillery
Capt Emory Upton
A, Maryland, Capt John W. Wolcott
A, 1st Massachusetts, Capt. Josiah Porter
A, 1st New Jersey, Capt William Hexamer
D, 2nd U. S., Lt Edward B. Williston


SECOND DIVISION
MGen William F. Smith

First Brigade
BGen Winfield S. Hancock
Col Amasa Cobb
6th Maine, Col Hiram Burnham
43rd New York, Maj John Wilson
49th Pennsylvania, LtCol.Willlam Brisbane
137th Pennsylvania, Col Henry M. Bossert
5th Wisconsin, Col Amasa Cobb

Second Brigade
BGen W. T. H. Brooks
2nd Vermont, Maj James H. Walbridge
3rd Vermont, Col Breed N. Hyde
4th Vermont, LtCol Charles B. Stoughton
5th Vermont, Col Lewis A.Grant
6th Vermont, Maj Oscar L. Tuttle

Third Brigade
Col William H. Irwin
7th Maine, Maj Thomas W. Hyde
20th New York, Col Ernest von Vegesack
33rd New York, LtCol Joseph W. Corning
49th New York, LtCol William C. Alberger (w), Maj George W. Johnson
77th New York, Capt Nathan S. Babcock

Artillery
Capt Romeyn B. Ayres
B, Maryland, Lt Theodore J. Vanneman
1st New York, Capt Andrew Cowan
F, 5th U. S., Lt Leonard Martin

NINTH CORPS
MGen Ambrose E. Burnside
MGen Jesse L. Reno (k, 9/14)
BGen Jacob D. Cox

Escort: Company G, 1st Maine Cavalry, Capt Zebulon B. Blethen

FIRST DIVISION
BGen Orlando B. Wilcox

First Brigade
Col Benjamin C. Christ
28th Massachusetts, Capt Andrew P. Caraher
17th Michigan, Col William H. Withington
79th New York, LtCol David Morrison
50th Pennsylvania, Maj Edward Overton (w), Capt William H. Diehl

Second Brigade
Col Thomas Welsh
8th Michigan (transferred to First Brigade, Sept. 16th),
LtCol Frank Graves, Maj. Ralph Ely
46th New York, LtCol Joseph Gerhardt
45th Pennsylvania, LtCol John I. Curtin
100th Pennsylvania, LtCol David A. Leckey

Artillery
8th Massachusetts, Capt Asa M. Cook
E, 2nd U.S., Lt Samuel N. Benjamin


SECOND DIVISION
BGen Samuel D. Sturgis

First Brigade
BGen James Nagle
2nd Maryland, LtCol J. Eugene Duryea
6th New Hampshire, Col Simon G. Griffin
9th New Hampshire, Col Enoch Q. Fellows
48th Pennsylvania, LtCol Joshua K. Sigfried

Second Brigade
BGen Edward Ferrero
21st Massachusetts, Col William S. Clark
35th Massachusetts, Col Edward A.Wild (w), LtCol Sumner Carruth (w)
51st New York, Col Robert B. Potter
51st Pennsylvania, Col John F. Hartranft

Artillery
D, Pennsylvania, Capt George W. Durell
E, 4th U.S., Capt Joseph C. Clark, Jr. (w)


THIRD DIVISION
BGen Isaac P. Rodman (mw)
Col Edward Harland

First Brigade
Col Harrison S. Fairchild
9th New York, LtCol Edgar A. Kimball
89th New York, Maj Edward Jardine
103rd New York, Maj. Benjamin Ringold

Second Brigade
Col Edward Harland
8th Connecticut, LtCol Hiram Appelman (w), Maj John H. Ward
11th Connecticut, Col Henry W. Kingsbury (k)
16th Connecticut, Col Francis Beach
4th Rhode Island, Col William H. P. Steere (w), LtCol Joseph B. Curtis

Artillery
A, 5th U.S., Lt Charles P. Muhlenberg


KANAWHA DIVISION
Gen Jacob D. Cox
Col Eliakim P. Scammon

First Brigade
Col Eliakim P. Scammon
Col Hugh Ewing
12th Ohio, Col Carr B. White
23rd Ohio, LtCol Rutherford B. Hayes (w, 9/14), Maj James M. Comly
30th Ohio, Col Hugh Ewing, LtCol Theodore Jones (w,c), Maj George H. Hildt
1st Ohio Battery, Capt James H. McMullin
Gilmore's Company, West Virginia, Cavalry, Lt James Abraham
Harrison's Company, West Virginia, Cavalry, Lt Dennis Delaney

Second Brigade
Col Augustus Moor (c), Col George Crook
11th Ohio, LtCol Augustus H. Coleman (k), Maj Lyman J. Jackson
28th Ohio, LtCol Gottfried Becker
36th Ohio, Col George Crook, LtCol Melvin Clarke (k), Maj E. B. Andrews
Chicago Illinois Dragoons, Capt Frederick Schambeck
Kentucky Battery, Capt Seth J. Simmonds

UNATTACHED TROOPS
6th New York Cavalry (8 companies), Col Thomas V. Devin
3rd Company Ohio Cavalry, Lt Jonas Seamen
L and M, 3rd U.S. Artillery, Capt John Edwards, Jr.

TWELFTH CORPS
MGen Joseph K. F. Mansfield (mw)
BGen Alpheus S. Williams
Escort: L, 1st Michigan Cavalry, Capt Melvin Brewer

FIRST DIVISION
BGen Alpheus S. Williams
BGen Samuel W. Crawford (w)
BGen George H.Gordon

First Brigade
BGen Samuel W. Crawford (w),
Col Joseph F. Knipe
10th Maine, Col George L. Beal (w)
28th New York, Capt William H. H. Mapes
46th Pennsylvania, Col Joseph F. Knipe, LtCol James L. Selfridge
124th Pennsylvania, Col Joseph W. Hawley (w), Maj Isaac L. Haldeman
125th Pennsylvania, Col Jacob Higgins
128th Pennsylvania, Col Samuel Croasdale (k), LtCol William W. Hammersly (w),
Maj Joel B. Wanner

Third Brigade
BGen George H. Gordon
Col Thomas H. Ruger (w)
27th Indiana, Col Silas Colgrove
2nd Massachusetts, Col George L. Andrews
13th New Jersey, Col Ezra A. Carman
107th New York, Col R. B. Van Valkenburgh
Pennsylvania Zouaves d'Afrique
3rd Wisconsin, Col Thomas H. Ruger (w)


SECOND DIVISION
BGen George S. Greene

First Brigade
LtCol Hector Tyndale (w)
Maj Orrin J. Crane
5th Ohio, Maj John Collins
7th Ohio, Maj Orrin J. Crane, Capt Frederick A. Seymour
66th Ohio, LtCol Eugene Powell (w)
28th Pennsylvania, Maj Ario Pardee, Jr.

Second Brigade
Col Henry J. Stainrook
3rd Maryland, LtCol Joseph H. Sudsburg
102nd New York, LtCol James C. Lane
111th Pennsylvania, Maj. Thomas M. Walker

Third Brigade
Col William B. Goodrich (k), LtCol Jonathan Austin
3rd Delaware, Maj Arthur Maginnis (w), Capt William J. McKaig
Purnell (Maryland) Legion, LtCol Benjamin L. Simpson
60th New York, LtCol Charles H. Brundage
78th New York, LtCol Jonathan Austin, Capt Henry R. Stagg

Artillery
Capt Clermont L. Best
4th Maine, Capt O'Neill W. Robinson
6th Maine, Capt. Freeman McGilvery
M, 1st New York, Capt George W. Cothran
10th N.Y., Capt John T. Bruen
E, Pennsylvania, Capt Joseph H. Knapp
F, Pennsylvania, Capt. Robert B. Hampton
F, 4th U.S., Lt Edward D. Muhlenberg

CAVALRY CORPS
BGen Alfred Pleasonton

First Brigade
Maj Charles J. Whiting
5th U.S., Capt Joseph H. McArthur
6th U. S., Capt William P. Sanders

Second Brigade
Col John F. Farnsworth
8th Illinois, Maj. William H. Medill
3rd Indiana, Maj George H. Chapman
1st Massachusetts, Capt Casper Crowninshield
8th Pennsylvania, Capt Peter Keenan

Third Brigade
Col Richard H. Rush
4th Pennsylvania, Col James H. Childs (k), LtCol James K. Kerr
6th Pennsylvania, LtCol C. Ross Smith

Fourth Brigade
Col Andrew T. McReynolds
1st New York, Maj Alonzo W. Adams
12th Pennsylvania, Maj James A. Congdon

Fifth Brigade
Col Benjamin F. Davis
8th New York, Col Benjamin F. Davis
3rd Pennsylvania, LtCol Samuel W. Owen

Artillery
A, 2nd U.S., Capt John C. Tidball
B & L, 2nd U.S., Capt James M. Robertson
M, 2nd U.S., Lt Peter C. Hains
C & G, 2nd U.S., Capt Horatio C. Gibson

Unattached
15th Pennsylvania Cavalry (detachment), Col William J. Palmer

Abbreviations:

Lt = Lieutenant
Capt = Captain
Maj = Major
LtCol = Lieutenant Colonel
Col = Colonel
BGen = Brigadier General
MGen = Major General

(w) = wounded
(mw) = mortally wounded
(k) = killed
(c) = captured
Unless otherwise noted, casualties occurred on September 17th.

Source: Antietam National Battlefield Park

Recommended Reading: Landscape Turned Red: The Battle of Antietam, by Stephen W. Sears. Description: The Civil War battle waged on September 17, 1862, at Antietam Creek, Maryland, was one of the bloodiest in the nation's history: in this single day, the war claimed nearly 23,000 casualties. In Landscape Turned Red, the renowned historian Stephen Sears draws on a remarkable cache of diaries, dispatches, and letters to recreate the vivid drama of Antietam as experienced not only by its leaders but also by its soldiers, both Union and Confederate. Combining brilliant military analysis with narrative history of enormous power, Landscape Turned Red is the definitive work on this climactic and bitter struggle.

About the Author: STEPHEN W. SEARS is the author of many award-winning books on the Civil War, including Gettysburg and Landscape Turned Red. The New York Times Book Review has called him "arguably the preeminent living historian of the war's eastern theater." He is a former editor for American Heritage.

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Highly Recommended Reading (Editor's Pick): The Maryland Campaign of September 1862: Ezra A. Carman's Definitive Study of the Union and Confederate Armies at Antietam (Hardcover). Description: Completed in the early 1900s, The Maryland Campaign of September 1862 is still the essential source for anyone seeking understanding of the bloodiest day in all of American history. As the U.S. War Department’s official expert on the Battle of Antietam, Ezra Carman corresponded with and interviewed hundreds of other veterans from both sides of the conflict to produce a comprehensive history of the campaign that dashed the Confederacy’s best hope for independence and ushered in the Emancipation Proclamation. Nearly a century after its completion, Carman's manuscript has finally made its way into print, in an edition painstakingly edited, annotated, and indexed by Joseph Pierro. The Maryland Campaign of September 1862 is a crucial document for anyone interested in delving below the surface of the military campaign that forever altered the course of American history. Continued below...

Editorial Reviews:

Ted Alexander, Chief Historian, Antietam National Battlefield

"The Ezra Carman manuscript is the definitive study of that bloody September day in 1862. By editing it Joseph Pierro has done a tremendous service to the field of Civil War studies. Indeed, this work is one of the most important Civil War publications to come out in decades."

 

James M. McPherson, author of Crossroads of Freedom: Antietam

"Many accounts of Civil War battles were written in the decades after the war by soldiers who had participated in them. None rivals in accuracy and thoroughness Ezra Carmen's study of the battles of South Mountain and Antietam, in which he fought as colonel of the 13th New Jersey. Students of the 1862 Maryland campaign have long relied on this manuscript as a vital source; Joseph Pierro's scrupulous editorial work has now made this detailed narrative accessible to everyone. A splendid achievement."

 

Jeffry D. Wert, author of The Sword Of Lincoln: The Army of the Potomac

"At last, after a century, Ezra A. Carman's The Maryland Campaign of September 1862 has received the attention it deserves. A Union veteran, Carman authored a remarkable primary study of the critical operations that ended along Antietam Creek. Editor Joseph Pierro has given students of the Civil War and American history a most welcome and long overdue book."

 

Edwin C. Bearss, author of Fields of Honor: Pivotal Battles of the Civil War

"My introduction to the Ezra A. Carman Papers at the Library of Congress and National Archives came in the spring of 1961. I was astounded and amazed by their depth and scope. The correspondence, troop movement maps, etc, along with Carman's unpublished manuscript on the Antietam Campaign constitutes then as now an invaluable legacy to the American people by Carman and the veterans of Antietam. But for too long that resource has only been available to the general public as microfilm or by traveling to Washington. Now thanks to the publishers and skilled, knowledgeable, sympathetic, but light-handed editor Joseph Pierro, an annotated copy of Carman's masterpiece The Maryland Campaign of September 1862 will be available to the public."

 

William C. Davis, author of Look Away! A History of the Confederate States of America

"Joseph Pierro brings into the open one of the great and largely unknown masterworks of Civil War history. Ezra Carman's work on Antietam is a fountainhead for study of that pivotal battle, written by a man who was in the fight and who spent most of his life studying and marking the battlefield. No student can afford to ignore this stunningly thorough and brilliantly edited classic."

 

Recommended Reading: Fields of Honor: Pivotal Battles of the Civil War, by Edwin C. Bearss (Author), James McPherson (Introduction). Description: Bearss, a former chief historian of the National Parks Service and internationally recognized American Civil War historian, chronicles 14 crucial battles, including Fort Sumter, Shiloh, Antietam, Gettysburg, Vicksburg, Chattanooga, Sherman's march through the Carolinas, and Appomattox--the battles ranging between 1861 and 1865; included is an introductory chapter describing John Brown's raid in October 1859. Bearss describes the terrain, tactics, strategies, personalities, the soldiers and the commanders. (He personalizes the generals and politicians, sergeants and privates.) Continued below...

The text is augmented by 80 black-and-white photographs and 19 maps. It is like touring the battlefields without leaving home. A must for every one of America's countless Civil War buffs, this major work will stand as an important reference and enduring legacy of a great historian for generations to come. Also available in hardcover: Fields of Honor: Pivotal Battles of the Civil War.
 

Recommended Reading: Crossroads of Freedom: Antietam (Pivotal Moments in American History) (Hardcover). Description: The bloodiest day in United States history was September 17, 1862, when, during the Civil War battle at Antietam, approximately 6,500 soldiers were killed or mortally wounded, while more than 15,000 were seriously wounded. James M. McPherson states in Crossroads of Freedom the concise chronicle of America’s bloodiest day and that it may well have been the pivotal moment of the war, as well as the young republic itself. Continued below...

The South, after a series of setbacks in the spring of 1862, had reversed the war's momentum during the summer, and was on the "brink of military victory" and about to achieve diplomatic recognition by European nations, most notably England and France. Though the bulk of his book concerns itself with the details--and incredible carnage--of the battle, McPherson raises it above typical military histories by placing it in its socio-political context: The victory prodded Abraham Lincoln to announce his "preliminary" Emancipation Proclamation, freeing slaves. England and France deferred their economic alliance with the battered secessionists. Most importantly, it kept Lincoln's party, the Republicans, in control of Congress. McPherson's account is accessible, elegant, and economical. Also available in paperback: Crossroads of Freedom: Antietam (Pivotal Moments in American History)
 

Recommended Reading: The Antietam Campaign (Military Campaigns of the Civil War). Description: The Maryland campaign of September 1862 ranks among the most important military operations of the American Civil War. Crucial political, diplomatic, and military issues were at stake as Robert E. Lee and George B. McClellan maneuvered and fought in the western part of the state. The climactic clash came on September 17 at the battle of Antietam, where more than 23,000 men fell in the single bloodiest day of the war. Continued below...

Approaching topics related to Lee's and McClellan's operations from a variety of perspectives, numerous contributors to this volume explore questions regarding military leadership, strategy, and tactics, the impact of the fighting on officers and soldiers in both armies, and the ways in which participants and people behind the lines interpreted and remembered the campaign. They also discuss the performance of untried military units and offer a look at how the United States Army used the Antietam battlefield as an outdoor classroom for its officers in the early twentieth century. Also available in paperback: The Antietam Campaign (Military Campaigns of the Civil War)

 

Recommended Reading: The Civil War Battlefield Guide: The Definitive Guide, Completely Revised, with New Maps and More Than 300 Additional Battles (Second Edition) (Hardcover). Description: This new edition of the definitive guide to Civil War battlefields is really a completely new book. While the first edition covered 60 major battlefields, from Fort Sumter to Appomattox, the second covers all of the 384 designated as the "principal battlefields" in the American Civil War Sites Advisory Commission Report. Continued below...

As in the first edition, the essays are authoritative and concise, written by such leading Civil War historians as James M. McPherson, Stephen W. Sears, Edwin C. Bearss, James I. Robinson, Jr., and Gary W. Gallager. The second edition also features 83 new four-color maps covering the most important battles. The Civil War Battlefield Guide is an essential reference for anyone interested in the Civil War. "Reading this book is like being at the bloodiest battles of the war..."

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